Documentation of TE3 MODEL

View the 575 variables sorted by type, module, group, module/group/name, view, Level Structure, or in a view summary.

Model Assessment Results

Model Information Number
Total Number of Variables
575
Total Number of State Variables (Level+Smooth+Delay Variables)
35 (6.1%)
Total Number of Stocks (Stocks in Level+Smooth+Delay Variables) †
580 (100.9%)
0
517 (89.9%)
150 (26.1%)
548 (95.3%)
0
0
Time Unit
Year
Initial Time
2000
Final Time
2030
Reported Time Interval
1
Time Step
1
Model Is Fully Formulated
Yes
Modeler-Defined Groups
- No -
VPM File Available
- No -


Warnings Number
36 (6.3%)
Equations with Embedded Data (0 and 1 constants ignored)
21 (3.7%)
Unavailable
0
0
0
0
0
16 (2.8%)
2 (0.3%)
1 (0.2%)

Potential Omissions Number
0
58
0
32
0

Types:
L : Level (35 / 580) * SM : Smooth (0 / 0) * DE : Delay (0 / 0) * † LI : Level Initial (25) I : Initial (14)
C : Constant (147) F : Flow (31) A : Auxiliary (336) Sub: Subscripts (3) D : Data (50)
G : Game (0) T : Lookup (0 / 0) ††      
* (state variables / total stocks)
† Total stocks do not include fixed delay variables.
†† (lookup variables / lookup tables).
 
Groups:
Control (4)
Simulation Control Parameters
TE3 MODEL (571)
(Default)
Modules:
Default (575)
Views:
INTRO (0)INTRO_Reference Modes (0)INPUT_Policy Inputs (16)INPUT_Modeller's Assumptions (0)M1_Population-GDP (17)
M2_Car Stock (50)M3_Policy (56)M4_Infrastructure (48)M5_Attributes (0)M5_A_Attributes_Technical Features (75)
M5_B_Attributes_Production Costs (62)M5_C_Attributes_Consumer Costs (38)M6_Market Behaviour (0)M6_A_Market Behaviour_Market Segmentation (52)M6_B_Market Behaviour_Deployment (13)
M6_C_Market Behaviour_Attractiveness (56)M6_D_Market Behaviour_Technology Choice (24)M6_D_Market Behaviour_Demand New Cars (25)M7_Travel Demand by Car (25)M8_Energy (0)
M8_A_Energy_Prices (50)M8_B_Energy_Electricity Mix (17)M8_C_Energy_Use (48)M9_Emissions (0)M9_A_Emissions_Emission Factors (37)
M9_B_Emissions_New Car Emissions (42)M9_C_Emissions_Manufacturing and Scrappage (18)M9_D_Emissions_TTW (53)M9_E_Emissions_WTT (51)M9_F_Emissions_Lifecycle (33)
OUTPUT_China (0)OUTPUT_France (0)OUTPUT_Germany (0)OUTPUT_India (0)OUTPUT_Japan (0)
OUTPUT_US (0)OUTPUT_System Behaviour (0)FIT_Data vs. simulation (0) 
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Module
Group
Type
Variable Name and Description
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#1
A
adjustment for aggregate total car stock (car/Year)
adjustment for aggregate total car stock [
COUNTRY] = (desired aggregate total car stock[COUNTRY]-aggregate total car stock[COUNTRY])/TIME REQUIRED FOR MARKETING EFFORTS[COUNTRY]
Description: Goal-seeking formulation that considers the discrepancy between desired and simulated values and takes adjustment time into account, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • aggregate demand for new cars - Aggregate demand for new cars is the result of initial demand plus the adjustment for aggregate total car stock (China, France, India, Japan) and expected loss rate and extra demand from scrappage scheme (Germany,US). The US also includes RAMP functions .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#2
C
ADJUSTMENT TIME BATTERY CAPACITY GAP (Year)
= 1
Description: Adjustment time needed to increase electric vehicle battery capacity .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • battery capacity gap - Goal-seeking formulation for increasing the electric vehicle battery capacity for PHEV and BEV .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#3
LI,F,A

ageing 1 (car/Year)
ageing 1 [
COUNTRY,TECH] = New Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH]/AVERAGE AGEING TIME 1[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Annual car ageing rate, defined as an outflow from the stock of new cars, by country and tech .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#4
LI,F,A

ageing 2 (car/Year)
ageing 2 [
COUNTRY,TECH] = Middle Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH]/AVERAGE AGEING TIME 2[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Annual car ageing rate, defined as an outflow from the stock of middle cars, by country and tech .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#5
A
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech (gCO2eq/car)
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech [
COUNTRY,G] = CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,G]
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech [COUNTRY,D] = CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,D]
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech [COUNTRY,FF] = CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,FF]
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech [COUNTRY,LPG] = CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,LPG]
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech [COUNTRY,NG] = CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,NG]
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech [COUNTRY,HEV] = CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,HEV]
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech [COUNTRY,PHEV] = CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,PHEV]+CO2eq battery manufacturing per car[COUNTRY,PHEV]
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech [COUNTRY,BEV] = CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,BEV]+CO2eq battery manufacturing per car[COUNTRY,BEV]
aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech [COUNTRY,FC] = CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Emissions from manufacturing one car, incl. battery emissions from EVs .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#6
A
aggregate CO2eq per autogas (gCO2eq/litre)
= (
autogas co2eq by ghg[GHG!])
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of autogas, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#7
A
aggregate CO2eq per cng (gCO2eq/kg)
= (
cng co2eq by ghg[GHG!])
Description: Emissions from burning a kg of compressed natural gas, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#8
A
aggregate CO2eq per diesel (gCO2eq/litre)
= (
diesel co2eq by ghg[GHG!])
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of diesel, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#9
A
aggregate CO2eq per E85 (gCO2eq/litre)
= (
E85 co2eq by ghg[GHG!])
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of ethanol 85, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#10
A
aggregate CO2eq per electricity (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
= (
electricity co2eq by ghg[GHG!])
Description: Emissions from using electricity in an electric car, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#11
A
aggregate CO2eq per gasoline (gCO2eq/litre)
= (
gasoline co2eq by ghg[GHG!])
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of gasoline, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#12
A
aggregate CO2eq per hydrogen (gCO2eq/kg)
= (
hydrogen co2eq by ghg[GHG!])
Description: Emissions from using a kg of hydrogen in a fuel cell car, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#13
A
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech (gCO2eq/car)
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech [
COUNTRY,G] = CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE[COUNTRY,G]
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech [COUNTRY,D] = CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE[COUNTRY,D]
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech [COUNTRY,FF] = CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE[COUNTRY,FF]
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech [COUNTRY,LPG] = CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE[COUNTRY,LPG]
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech [COUNTRY,NG] = CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE[COUNTRY,NG]
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech [COUNTRY,HEV] = CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE[COUNTRY,HEV]
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech [COUNTRY,PHEV] = CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE[COUNTRY,PHEV]+CO2eq battery disposal per car[COUNTRY,PHEV]
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech [COUNTRY,BEV] = CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE[COUNTRY,BEV]+CO2eq battery disposal per car[COUNTRY,BEV]
aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech [COUNTRY,FC] = CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Emissions from scrapping one car, incl. battery emissions for EVs .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#14
A
aggregate demand for new cars (car/Year)
aggregate demand for new cars [
China] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>2016, 2e+007, (500000+adjustment for aggregate total car stock[China]))
aggregate demand for new cars [FRANCE] = 2.13388e+006+adjustment for aggregate total car stock[FRANCE]
aggregate demand for new cars [Germany] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>2015, (adjustment for aggregate total car stock[Germany]+expected loss rate[Germany]), (3.37834e+006+STEP( -300000, 2007)+extra demand from scrappage scheme[Germany]))
aggregate demand for new cars [INDIA] = 300000+adjustment for aggregate total car stock[INDIA]
aggregate demand for new cars [JAPAN] = 4.25987e+006+adjustment for aggregate total car stock[JAPAN]
aggregate demand for new cars [US] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>2011, (adjustment for aggregate total car stock[US]+expected loss rate[US]), (8.778e+006+RAMP(-400000, 2000, 2003)+RAMP(-1e+006,2007,2009)))
Description: Aggregate demand for new cars is the result of initial demand plus the adjustment for aggregate total car stock (China, France, India, Japan) and expected loss rate and extra demand from scrappage scheme (Germany,US). The US also includes RAMP functions .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#15
A
aggregate demand from first purchasers (car/Year)
aggregate demand from first purchasers [
COUNTRY] = Share of first sales[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand for new cars[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand for new cars that originates from 'first-time' purchasers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#16
A
aggregate demand from repeating purchasers (car/Year)
aggregate demand from repeating purchasers [
COUNTRY] = Share of repeated sales[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand for new cars[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand for new cars that originates from 'repeating' purchasers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#17
A
aggregate demand habit first (car/Year)
aggregate demand habit first [
COUNTRY] = Habit first[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand from first purchasers[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand from first purchases that corresponds to habit-oriented purchasers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • demand first habit - Annual demand for cars from habit-oriented buyers that make first-time purchases, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#18
A
aggregate demand habit repeat (car/Year)
aggregate demand habit repeat [
COUNTRY] = Habit repeat[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand from repeating purchasers[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand from repeated purchases that corresponds to habit-oriented purchasers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • demand repeat habit - Annual demand for cars from habit-oriented buyers that make repeated purchases, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#19
A
aggregate demand innovators first (car/Year)
aggregate demand innovators first [
COUNTRY] = "High-income innovators first"[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand from first purchasers[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand from first purchases that corresponds to innovators .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • demand first innovators - Annual demand for cars from innovators that make first-time purchases, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#20
A
aggregate demand innovators repeat (car/Year)
aggregate demand innovators repeat [
COUNTRY] = "High-income innovators repeat"[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand from repeating purchasers[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand from repeated purchases that corresponds to innovators .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • demand repeat innovators - Annual demand for cars from innovators that make repeated purchases, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#21
A
aggregate demand low-cost first (car/Year)
aggregate demand low-cost first [
COUNTRY] = "Low-income low-cost first"[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand from first purchasers[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand from first purchases that corresponds to low-cost purchasers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • demand first low-cost - Annual demand for cars from low-cost buyers that make first-time purchases, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#22
A
aggregate demand low-cost repeat (car/Year)
aggregate demand low-cost repeat [
COUNTRY] = "Low-income low-cost repeat"[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand from repeating purchasers[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand from repeated purchases that corresponds to low-cost purchasers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • demand repeat low-cost - Annual demand for cars from low-cost buyers that make repeated purchases, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#23
A
aggregate demand maximisers first (car/Year)
aggregate demand maximisers first [
COUNTRY] = Utility maximisers first[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand from first purchasers[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand from first purchases that corresponds to maximisers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • demand first maximisers - Annual demand for cars from maximisers that make first-time purchases, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#24
A
aggregate demand maximisers repeat (car/Year)
aggregate demand maximisers repeat [
COUNTRY] = Utility maximisers repeat[COUNTRY]*aggregate demand from repeating purchasers[COUNTRY]
Description: Proportion of the demand from repeated purchases that corresponds to maximisers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • demand repeat maximisers - Annual demand for cars from maximisers that make repeated purchases, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#25
A
aggregate electricity use total car stock ((TW*h)/Year)
aggregate electricity use total car stock [
COUNTRY] = aggregate electricity use total car stock in kWh[COUNTRY]/kWh per TWh
Description: Simulated annual total electricity consumption from the car stock, in TWh .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#26
A
aggregate electricity use total car stock in kWh ((kW*h)/Year)
aggregate electricity use total car stock in kWh [
COUNTRY] = "total energy use car stock by tech (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]+"total energy use car stock by tech (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Simulated annual total electricity consumption from the car stock, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#27
A
aggregate gasoline use total car stock (litre/Year)
aggregate gasoline use total car stock [
COUNTRY] = "expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre)"[COUNTRY,G]+"expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre)"[COUNTRY,HEV]+"expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
Description: The sum of gasoline used by the stock gasoline, hybrid and plug-in hybrid cars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#28
A
aggregate middle car stock (car)
aggregate middle car stock [
COUNTRY] = (Middle Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Aggregate middle car stock equals the sum of all technologies that are part of the stock of middle cars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • aggregate total car stock - Simulated aggregate total car stock, which equals the sum of the stocks of aggregate new, middle and old cars .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#29
A
aggregate new car stock (car)
aggregate new car stock [
COUNTRY] = (New Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Aggregate new car stock equals the sum of all technologies that are part of the stock of new cars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • aggregate total car stock - Simulated aggregate total car stock, which equals the sum of the stocks of aggregate new, middle and old cars .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#30
A
aggregate oil demand (bbl/Year)
aggregate oil demand [
COUNTRY] = MAX(gasoline demand[COUNTRY], diesel demand[COUNTRY,D])
Description: Annual demand for oil, expressed in terms of the most demanded fuel .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#31
A
aggregate old car stock (car)
aggregate old car stock [
COUNTRY] = (Old Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Aggregate old car stock equals the sum of all technologies that are part of the stock of old cars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • aggregate total car stock - Simulated aggregate total car stock, which equals the sum of the stocks of aggregate new, middle and old cars .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#32
A
aggregate sales (car/Year)
aggregate sales [
COUNTRY] = (sales rate[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Aggregate sales equals the sum of all technologies that are part of the sales rate .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#33
A
aggregate scrappage (car/Year)
aggregate scrappage [
China] = (scrappage rate[China,TECH!])
aggregate scrappage [FRANCE] = (scrappage rate[FRANCE,TECH!])
aggregate scrappage [Germany] = (scrappage rate[Germany,TECH!])
aggregate scrappage [INDIA] = (scrappage rate[INDIA,TECH!])
aggregate scrappage [JAPAN] = (scrappage rate[JAPAN,TECH!])
aggregate scrappage [US] = (scrappage rate[US,TECH!])
Description: Aggregate scrappage equals the sum of all technologies that are part of the scrappage rate .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • expected loss rate - Variable added to mitigate the steady-state problem. It is assumed that the industry has expectations about the number of cars that are annually scrapped
  • market share repeat habit - It is assumed that the segment of habit-oriented purchasers buy the same powertrain technology they had previously owned and recently scrapped .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#34
A
aggregate total car stock (car)
aggregate total car stock [
COUNTRY] = aggregate new car stock[COUNTRY]+aggregate middle car stock[COUNTRY]+aggregate old car stock[COUNTRY]
Description: Simulated aggregate total car stock, which equals the sum of the stocks of aggregate new, middle and old cars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • adjustment for aggregate total car stock - Goal-seeking formulation that considers the discrepancy between desired and simulated values and takes adjustment time into account, by country .
  • car mix - The share of each technology in the car mix, determined by dividing total car stock by technology by the aggregate total car stock, for each country .
  • ratio car sales to stock - Below 0.1 indicates the market is fundamentally saturated. The exceptions are China and India .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#35
L
Alternative fuel filling stations (station)
Alternative fuel filling stations [
China,FF] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[China,FF] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[China,FF]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [China,LPG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[China,LPG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[China,LPG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [China,NG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[China,NG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[China,NG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [FRANCE,FF] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[FRANCE,FF] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,FF]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [FRANCE,LPG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[FRANCE,LPG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,LPG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [FRANCE,NG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[FRANCE,NG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,NG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [Germany,FF] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[Germany,FF] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,FF]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [Germany,LPG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[Germany,LPG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,LPG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [Germany,NG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[Germany,NG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,NG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [INDIA,FF] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[INDIA,FF] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,FF]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [INDIA,LPG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[INDIA,LPG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,LPG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [INDIA,NG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[INDIA,NG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,NG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [JAPAN,FF] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[JAPAN,FF] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,FF]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [JAPAN,LPG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[JAPAN,LPG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,LPG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [JAPAN,NG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[JAPAN,NG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,NG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [US,FF] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[US,FF] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[US,FF]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [US,LPG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[US,LPG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[US,LPG]]
Alternative fuel filling stations [US,NG] = alternative fuel filling stations availability rate[US,NG] dt + [initial value alternative fuel filling stations[US,NG]]
Description: Number of filling stations offering ethanol 85, autogas and compressed natural gas fuel, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#36
F,A

alternative fuel filling stations availability rate (station/Year)
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [
China,FF] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[China,FF]*Alternative fuel filling stations[China,FF]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[China,FF]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[China,FF])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [China,LPG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[China,LPG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[China,LPG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[China,LPG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[China,LPG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [China,NG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[China,NG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[China,NG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[China,NG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[China,NG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [FRANCE,FF] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[FRANCE,FF]*Alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,FF]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,FF]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,FF])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [FRANCE,LPG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[FRANCE,LPG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,LPG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,LPG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,LPG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [FRANCE,NG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[FRANCE,NG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,NG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,NG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[FRANCE,NG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [Germany,FF] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[Germany,FF]*Alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,FF]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,FF]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,FF])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [Germany,LPG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[Germany,LPG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,LPG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,LPG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,LPG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [Germany,NG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[Germany,NG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,NG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,NG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[Germany,NG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [INDIA,FF] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[INDIA,FF]*Alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,FF]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,FF]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,FF])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [INDIA,LPG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[INDIA,LPG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,LPG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,LPG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,LPG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [INDIA,NG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[INDIA,NG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,NG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,NG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[INDIA,NG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [JAPAN,FF] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[JAPAN,FF]*Alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,FF]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,FF]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,FF])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [JAPAN,LPG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[JAPAN,LPG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,LPG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,LPG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,LPG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [JAPAN,NG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[JAPAN,NG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,NG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,NG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[JAPAN,NG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [US,FF] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[US,FF]*Alternative fuel filling stations[US,FF]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[US,FF]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[US,FF])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [US,LPG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[US,LPG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[US,LPG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[US,LPG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[US,LPG])
alternative fuel filling stations availability rate [US,NG] = fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability[US,NG]*Alternative fuel filling stations[US,NG]*(1-Alternative fuel filling stations[US,NG]/saturation of alternative fuel filling stations[US,NG])
Description: Annual deployment rate of alternative fuels stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#37
C
annual maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement ((country currency/car)/Year)
annual maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement [
China,BEV] = 1000
annual maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement [FRANCE,BEV] = 285
annual maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement [Germany,BEV] = 285
annual maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement [INDIA,BEV] = 10000
annual maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement [JAPAN,BEV] = 40000
annual maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement [US,BEV] = 300
Description: Werber et al. (2009) calculate an average of annually USD 690 for a gasoline car and USD 291 for an EV
Source: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421509001311
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#38
C
annual maintenance cost excluding BEV ((country currency/car)/Year)
annual maintenance cost excluding BEV [
China] = 2000
annual maintenance cost excluding BEV [FRANCE] = 670
annual maintenance cost excluding BEV [Germany] = 670
annual maintenance cost excluding BEV [INDIA] = 20000
annual maintenance cost excluding BEV [JAPAN] = 82000
annual maintenance cost excluding BEV [US] = 700
Description: Werber et al. (2009) calculate an average of annually USD 690 for a gasoline car and USD 291 for an EV
Source: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421509001311
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#39
C
approval of fund endowment (country currency/Year)
approval of fund endowment [
Germany,G] = 5e+009
Description: Amount of money, offered by the German government, to implement a scrappage scheme .
Source: based on UBA study by IFEU "Abwrackprämie und Umwelt - eine erste Bilanz"
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#40
A
autogas co2eq by ghg (gCO2eq/litre)
autogas co2eq by ghg [
CH4] = global warming potential[CH4]*autogas emission by ghg[CH4]
autogas co2eq by ghg [CO2] = global warming potential[CO2]*autogas emission by ghg[CO2]
autogas co2eq by ghg [N2O] = global warming potential[N2O]*autogas emission by ghg[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of autogas after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#41
A
autogas emission by ghg (gram/litre)
autogas emission by ghg [
CH4] = ENERGY CONTENT AUTOGAS*emission factor autogas[CH4]
autogas emission by ghg [CO2] = ENERGY CONTENT AUTOGAS*emission factor autogas[CO2]
autogas emission by ghg [N2O] = ENERGY CONTENT AUTOGAS*emission factor autogas[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of autogas, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
  • autogas co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of autogas after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • TTW CO2 (litre) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#42
A
autogas price (country currency/litre)
autogas price [
COUNTRY] = gasoline price[COUNTRY]*share gasoline price for autogas
Description: Autogas price proportional to the gasoline price .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#43
C
AVERAGE AGEING TIME 1 (Year)
AVERAGE AGEING TIME 1 [
COUNTRY,TECH] = 1
Description: New cars become middle(-age) cars after 1 year .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • ageing 1 - Annual car ageing rate, defined as an outflow from the stock of new cars, by country and tech .
  • remaining average car lifetime - The remaining average car lifetime is 8 years, taking into account the assumed total average car lifetime and the ageing time constants that affect the stock of new and middle(-age) cars .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#44
C
AVERAGE AGEING TIME 2 (Year)
AVERAGE AGEING TIME 2 [
COUNTRY,TECH] = 7
Description: Cars become old cars after 8 years .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • ageing 2 - Annual car ageing rate, defined as an outflow from the stock of middle cars, by country and tech .
  • remaining average car lifetime - The remaining average car lifetime is 8 years, taking into account the assumed total average car lifetime and the ageing time constants that affect the stock of new and middle(-age) cars .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#45
D
average annual VKT by car ((km/car)/Year)
average annual VKT by car [
COUNTRY] = average annual VKT by car-B
Description: Reference average annual VKT by car, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#46
D
average annual VKT by diesel car ((km/car)/Year)
average annual VKT by diesel car [
FRANCE,D] = average annual VKT by diesel car-B
average annual VKT by diesel car [Germany,D] = average annual VKT by diesel car-B
Description: Historical data from France and Germany available for comparison .
Source: data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#47
D
average annual VKT by gasoline car ((km/car)/Year)
average annual VKT by gasoline car [
FRANCE,G] = average annual VKT by gasoline car-B
average annual VKT by gasoline car [Germany,G] = average annual VKT by gasoline car-B
Description: Historical data from France and Germany available for comparison .
Source: data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#48
C
average car load capacity (passenger)
= 5
Description: Maximum number of passengers that can be legally circulating in one standard passenger car .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#49
C
average car load factor (Dmnl)
average car load factor [
China] = 0.24
average car load factor [FRANCE] = 0.24
average car load factor [Germany] = 0.24
average car load factor [INDIA] = 0.24
average car load factor [JAPAN] = 0.24
average car load factor [US] = 0.24
Description: Load factor of the average car expressed in percentage. level of average car occupancy (e.g. increased through HOV lane measures). The occupancy rate is the reciprocal of the load factor (e.g. here entails 24% (1.2/5)) [Policy input to be defined by the model user. Dafault value 1.2 passenger. Source: MOP (2014)]
Source: Policy input set by the model user
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#50
A
average car occupancy (passenger)
average car occupancy [
COUNTRY] = average car load factor[COUNTRY]*average car load capacity
Description: Fraction of maximum passenger capacity used on average in a car .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • total pkm cars - Standard transport metric that expresses the performance of the passenger road transport system in terms of annual (passenger-km (PKM) .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#51
A
average carbon intensity grid (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
average carbon intensity grid [
COUNTRY] = emissions renewables[COUNTRY]+emissions coal[COUNTRY]+emissions natural gas[COUNTRY]+emissions oil[COUNTRY]+emissions nuclear[COUNTRY]
Description: Simulated average carbon intensity of the electricity grid, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#52
A
average fast recharging time (h)
average fast recharging time [
BEV] = ("EV battery capacity (kWh)"[BEV]/power fast evse)
Description: Average recharging time for a BEV using fast charging .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#53
C
AVERAGE filling TIME (min)
AVERAGE filling TIME [
COUNTRY,TECH] = 7.5
Description: The average time required to refuel the car of reference (i.e. gasoline) is assumed to be 7.5 minutes .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#54
A
average fuel intensity per car (kg) (kg/km)
average fuel intensity per car (kg) [
COUNTRY,NG] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,NG]/"unit of fuel (kg)"[NG]
average fuel intensity per car (kg) [COUNTRY,FC] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,FC]/"unit of fuel (kg)"[FC]
Description: Determination of the average fuel intensity of the car for powertrains using gaseous fuels, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#55
A
average fuel intensity per car (kWh) ((kW*h)/km)
average fuel intensity per car (kWh) [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,PHEV]/"unit of fuel (kWh)"[PHEV]
average fuel intensity per car (kWh) [COUNTRY,BEV] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,BEV]/"unit of fuel (kWh)"[BEV]
Description: Determination of the average fuel intensity of the car for powertrains using electricity, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#56
A
average fuel intensity per car (litre) (litre/km)
average fuel intensity per car (litre) [
COUNTRY,G] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,G]/"unit of fuel (litre)"[G]
average fuel intensity per car (litre) [COUNTRY,D] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,D]/"unit of fuel (litre)"[D]
average fuel intensity per car (litre) [COUNTRY,FF] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,FF]/"unit of fuel (litre)"[FF]
average fuel intensity per car (litre) [COUNTRY,LPG] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,LPG]/"unit of fuel (litre)"[LPG]
average fuel intensity per car (litre) [COUNTRY,HEV] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,HEV]/"unit of fuel (litre)"[HEV]
average fuel intensity per car (litre) [COUNTRY,PHEV] = average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,PHEV]/"unit of fuel (litre)"[PHEV]
Description: Determination of the average fuel intensity of the car for powertrains using liquid fuels, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#57
A
average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel ((fuel/km)/car)
average fuel intensity per car in unit of fuel [
COUNTRY,TECH] = ZIDZ(sum of fuel intensities[COUNTRY,TECH], total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,TECH])
Description: Determination of the average fuel intensity of the car, disaggregated by technology, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#58
A
average slow recharging time (h)
average slow recharging time [
BEV] = ("EV battery capacity (kWh)"[BEV]/power slow evse[BEV])
Description: Average recharging time for a BEV using slow charging .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#59
C
AVERAGE TIME TO BUILD H2 INFRASTRUCTURE (Year)
AVERAGE TIME TO BUILD H2 INFRASTRUCTURE [
COUNTRY,FC] = 2
Description: It is assumed that it takes 2 years to construct a hydrogen station .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#60
A
average upstream co2eq from oil extraction (gCO2eq/litre)
average upstream co2eq from oil extraction [
COUNTRY] = (oil extraction share conventional[COUNTRY]*upstream CO2eq from conventional oil extraction[COUNTRY])+(oil extraction share unconventional[COUNTRY]*upstream CO2eq from unconventional oil extraction[COUNTRY])
Description: Assumed GHG emissions from extracting oil, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#61
C
average YIELD diesel (Dmnl)
average YIELD diesel [
China] = 0.3
average YIELD diesel [FRANCE] = 0.39
average YIELD diesel [Germany] = 0.39
average YIELD diesel [INDIA] = 0.3
average YIELD diesel [JAPAN] = 0.3
average YIELD diesel [US] = 0.29
Description: The average yield of refined diesel per barrel of oil is expected to be higher in the EU, where diesel cars are more common [Souce: EIA and OECD, see Data Excel]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#62
C
average YIELD gasoline (Dmnl)
average YIELD gasoline [
China] = 0.5
average YIELD gasoline [FRANCE] = 0.192
average YIELD gasoline [Germany] = 0.192
average YIELD gasoline [INDIA] = 0.5
average YIELD gasoline [JAPAN] = 0.5
average YIELD gasoline [US] = 0.45
Description: The average yield of refined gasoline per barrel of oil is expected to be lower in the EU, where diesel cars are more common [Souce: EIA and OECD, see Data Excel]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#63
A
batteries manufactured in GWh (GW*h)
=
expected aggregate industry experience/kWh per GWh
Description: Simulated amount of GWh of battery production .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#64
A
battery capacity gap (((kW*h)/battery)/Year)
battery capacity gap [
PHEV] = (effect of battery cost on capacity[PHEV]-"EV battery capacity (kWh)"[PHEV])/ADJUSTMENT TIME BATTERY CAPACITY GAP
battery capacity gap [BEV] = (effect of battery cost on capacity[BEV]-"EV battery capacity (kWh)"[BEV])/ADJUSTMENT TIME BATTERY CAPACITY GAP
Description: Goal-seeking formulation for increasing the electric vehicle battery capacity for PHEV and BEV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#65
A
battery cost (dollar/(kW*h))
=
INITIAL BATTERY COST per kWh on first year*effect of learning experience on battery cost
Description: Battery cost as a function of initial cost and the effect of learning experience .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#66
A
battery cost BEV in dollar (dollar/car [0,?,1000])
battery cost BEV in dollar [
BEV] = battery cost*EV battery capacity per pack[BEV]
Description: Simulated cost of the BEV battery pack, in dollars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#67
A
battery cost PHEV in dollar (dollar/car [0,?,1000])
battery cost PHEV in dollar [
PHEV] = battery cost*EV battery capacity per pack[PHEV]
Description: Simulated cost of the PHEV battery pack, in dollars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#68
C
BATTERY PACK PER CAR (battery/car)
BATTERY PACK PER CAR [
PHEV] = 1
BATTERY PACK PER CAR [BEV] = 1
Description: Number of electric vehicle battery packs per car .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • EV battery capacity per pack - Assumed battery capacity in each electric vehicle .
  • production rate - Number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
  • world production rate - Number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#69
C
battery service life (km/battery)
battery service life [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = 100000
battery service life [COUNTRY,BEV] = 100000
Description: Number of km an electric car is assumed to be driven over its battery life .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • required batteries in car lifetime - The assumed number of batteries an electric car requires over its lifetime is two. This is a conservative estimate, given current electric vehicle battery technology and prospects .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#70
D
budget public fast EVSE deployment (country currency/Year [1,?,3])
budget public fast EVSE deployment [
COUNTRY,BEV] = budget public fast EVSE deployment-B
Description: Amount of money, invested by the central government, to deploy public fast recharging infrastructure .
Source: policy input to be defined by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#71
D
budget public H2 station deployment (country currency/Year [1,?,3])
budget public H2 station deployment [
COUNTRY,FC] = budget public H2 station deployment-B
Description: Amount of money, invested by the central government, to deploy public hydrogen filling infrastructure .
Source: policy input to be defined by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#72
D
budget public slow EVSE deployment (country currency/Year [1,?,3])
budget public slow EVSE deployment [
COUNTRY,BEV] = budget public slow EVSE deployment-B
Description: Amount of money, invested by the central government, to deploy public slow recharging infrastructure .
Source: policy input to be defined by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#73
A
car mix (Dmnl)
car mix [
COUNTRY,TECH] = total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,TECH]/aggregate total car stock[COUNTRY]
Description: The share of each technology in the car mix, determined by dividing total car stock by technology by the aggregate total car stock, for each country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#74
D
car ownership ratio (car/passenger)
car ownership ratio [
China] = car ownership ratio-B
car ownership ratio [FRANCE] = car ownership ratio-B
car ownership ratio [Germany] = car ownership ratio-B
car ownership ratio [INDIA] = car ownership ratio-B
car ownership ratio [JAPAN] = car ownership ratio-B
car ownership ratio [US] = car ownership ratio-B
Description: Ratio of number of cars per number of inhabitants in a country, estimated econometrically. The unit 'passenger' (common metric in transport statistics) is used instead of 'person' for dimensional consistency .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#75
A
CAR price excluding VAT (country currency/car)
CAR price excluding VAT [
COUNTRY,G] = nominal car manufacturing price[COUNTRY,G]
CAR price excluding VAT [COUNTRY,D] = nominal car manufacturing price[COUNTRY,D]
CAR price excluding VAT [COUNTRY,FF] = nominal car manufacturing price[COUNTRY,FF]
CAR price excluding VAT [COUNTRY,LPG] = nominal car manufacturing price[COUNTRY,LPG]
CAR price excluding VAT [COUNTRY,NG] = nominal car manufacturing price[COUNTRY,NG]
CAR price excluding VAT [COUNTRY,HEV] = nominal car manufacturing price[COUNTRY,HEV]
CAR price excluding VAT [COUNTRY,PHEV] = nominal car manufacturing price[COUNTRY,PHEV]+total battery price PHEV[COUNTRY,PHEV]
CAR price excluding VAT [COUNTRY,BEV] = nominal car manufacturing price[COUNTRY,BEV]+total battery price BEV[COUNTRY,BEV]
CAR price excluding VAT [COUNTRY,FC] = nominal car manufacturing price[COUNTRY,FC]+fuel cell price[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Purchase price of the car after adding battery and fuel cell component costs and before taxation, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#76
D
carbon price (dollar/tCO2)
carbon price [
COUNTRY] = carbon price-B
Description: Carbon price, measured in dollars per tonne of CO2 emitted .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#77
A
cars scrapped due to scrappage scheme (car/Year)
cars scrapped due to scrappage scheme [
Germany,G] = cars scrapped under scrappage scheme[Germany,G]*0.5
Description: Although two million cars were scrapped under the German scrappage scheme, half of these are scrapped because of the scheme in the model (the implicit assumption being that one million car owners would have scrapped the car even without the scrappage scheme). The other half is accounted for in the variable scrappage rate .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#78
A
cars scrapped under scrappage scheme (car/Year)
cars scrapped under scrappage scheme [
Germany,G] = IF THEN ELSE(Time=2009, 2e+006, 0)
Description: Two million gasoline cars scrapped under the German scrappage scheme in 2009
Source: UBA study by IFEU "Abwrackprämie und Umwelt - eine erste Bilanz"
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • cars scrapped due to scrappage scheme - Although two million cars were scrapped under the German scrappage scheme, half of these are scrapped because of the scheme in the model (the implicit assumption being that one million car owners would have scrapped the car even without the scrappage scheme). The other half is accounted for in the variable scrappage rate .
  • German scrappage expenditures rate - Annual rate representing the expenditure stream for German car scrappage scheme .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#79
A
cheapest powertrain (Dmnl)
cheapest powertrain [
COUNTRY,TECH] = VMIN(relative purchase price[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Vector minimum function used to identify the cheapest powertrain, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • market share low-cost - It is assumed that the segment of low-cost purchasers buy the cheapest powertrain available .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#80
A
cng co2eq by ghg (gCO2eq/kg)
cng co2eq by ghg [
CH4] = global warming potential[CH4]*cng emission by ghg[CH4]
cng co2eq by ghg [CO2] = global warming potential[CO2]*cng emission by ghg[CO2]
cng co2eq by ghg [N2O] = global warming potential[N2O]*cng emission by ghg[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a kg of compressed natural gas after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • aggregate CO2eq per cng - Emissions from burning a kg of compressed natural gas, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#81
A
cng emission by ghg (gram/kg)
cng emission by ghg [
CH4] = ENERGY CONTENT CNG*emission factor CNG[CH4]
cng emission by ghg [CO2] = ENERGY CONTENT CNG*emission factor CNG[CO2]
cng emission by ghg [N2O] = ENERGY CONTENT CNG*emission factor CNG[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a kg of compressed natural gas, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
  • cng co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a kg of compressed natural gas after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • TTW CO2 (kg) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#82
A
CNG price (country currency/kg)
CNG price [
COUNTRY] = gasoline price[COUNTRY]*share gasoline price for CNG[COUNTRY]
Description: CNG price proportional to the gasoline price .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#83
C
CO2eq BATTERY DISPOSAL (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
CO2eq BATTERY DISPOSAL [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = 0
CO2eq BATTERY DISPOSAL [COUNTRY,BEV] = 0
Description: Tentatively assumed to be zero, given the lack of information and the possibility of advanced recycling. From all the studies reviewed until 2016, there was no information on this .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#84
A
CO2eq battery disposal per car (gCO2eq/car)
CO2eq battery disposal per car [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = CO2eq BATTERY DISPOSAL[COUNTRY,PHEV]*EV battery capacity per pack[PHEV]
CO2eq battery disposal per car [COUNTRY,BEV] = CO2eq BATTERY DISPOSAL[COUNTRY,BEV]*EV battery capacity per pack[BEV]
Description: Emissions from battery disposal, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#85
C
CO2eq BATTERY MANUFACTURING (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
CO2eq BATTERY MANUFACTURING [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = 120000
CO2eq BATTERY MANUFACTURING [COUNTRY,BEV] = 120000
Description: Emissions from manufacturing one battery, in grams per kWh .
Source: Samaras and Meisterling (2008), Table S2 Supporting info
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#86
A
CO2eq battery manufacturing per car (gCO2eq/car)
CO2eq battery manufacturing per car [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = CO2eq BATTERY MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,PHEV]*EV battery capacity per pack[PHEV]
CO2eq battery manufacturing per car [COUNTRY,BEV] = CO2eq BATTERY MANUFACTURING[COUNTRY,BEV]*EV battery capacity per pack[BEV]
Description: Emissions from manufacturing one battery, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#87
C
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING (gCO2eq/car)
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING [
COUNTRY,G] = 8.5e+006
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING [COUNTRY,D] = 8.5e+006
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING [COUNTRY,FF] = 8.5e+006
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING [COUNTRY,LPG] = 8.5e+006
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING [COUNTRY,NG] = 8.5e+006
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING [COUNTRY,HEV] = 8.5e+006
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING [COUNTRY,PHEV] = 8.5e+006
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING [COUNTRY,BEV] = 8.5e+006
CO2eq CAR MANUFACTURING [COUNTRY,FC] = 8.5e+006
Description: Emissions from manufacturing one car .
Source: Samaras and Meisterling (2008), Table S2 Supporting info
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#88
C
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE (gCO2eq/car)
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE [
COUNTRY,G] = 1.17e+006
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE [COUNTRY,D] = 1.17e+006
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE [COUNTRY,FF] = 1.17e+006
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE [COUNTRY,LPG] = 1.17e+006
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE [COUNTRY,NG] = 1.17e+006
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE [COUNTRY,HEV] = 1.17e+006
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE [COUNTRY,PHEV] = 1.17e+006
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE [COUNTRY,BEV] = 1.14e+006
CO2eq CAR SCRAPPAGE [COUNTRY,FC] = 1.17e+006
Description: Emissions from scrapping one car, with differing values for BEVs and the rest .
Source: Notter et al. (2010), Table S19 Supporting info
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#89
C
COEFFICIENT EMISSIONS (Dmnl)
COEFFICIENT EMISSIONS [
COUNTRY] = -0.05
Description: Assumed coefficient for the emissions attribute .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • utility emissions - Simulated utility derived from the emissions level, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#90
C
COEFFICIENT PURCHASE PRICE (Dmnl)
COEFFICIENT PURCHASE PRICE [
COUNTRY] = -0.5
Description: Assumed coefficient for the purchase price attribute .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#91
C
COEFFICIENT RANGE (Dmnl)
COEFFICIENT RANGE [
COUNTRY] = 0.1
Description: Assumed coefficient for the range attribute .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • utility range - Simulated utility derived from the range, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#92
C
COEFFICIENT RECHARGING TIME (Dmnl)
COEFFICIENT RECHARGING TIME [
COUNTRY] = -0.1
Description: Assumed coefficient for the recharging time attribute .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • utility recharging time - Simulated utility derived from the recharging or refuelling time, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#93
C
COEFFICIENT USAGE COST (Dmnl)
COEFFICIENT USAGE COST [
COUNTRY] = -0.5
Description: Assumed coefficient for the usage cost .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • utility usage cost - Simulated utility derived from the usage cost, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#94
C
COEFICIENT STATION COVERAGE (Dmnl)
COEFICIENT STATION COVERAGE [
COUNTRY] = 0.05
Description: Assumed coefficient for the station coverage attribute .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#95
A
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market (Dmnl)
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market [
COUNTRY,G] = IF THEN ELSE(existence of technology[G]=1:AND:filling infrastructure density[COUNTRY,G]>=filling infrastructure threshold[COUNTRY], 1, 0)
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market [COUNTRY,D] = IF THEN ELSE(existence of technology[D]=1:AND:filling infrastructure density[COUNTRY,D]>=filling infrastructure threshold[COUNTRY], 1, 0)
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market [COUNTRY,FF] = IF THEN ELSE(existence of technology[FF]=1:AND:filling infrastructure density[COUNTRY,FF]>=filling infrastructure threshold[COUNTRY], 1, 0)
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market [COUNTRY,LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(existence of technology[LPG]=1:AND:filling infrastructure density[COUNTRY,LPG]>=filling infrastructure threshold[COUNTRY], 1, 0)
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market [COUNTRY,NG] = IF THEN ELSE(existence of technology[NG]=1:AND:filling infrastructure density[COUNTRY,NG]>=filling infrastructure threshold[COUNTRY], 1, 0)
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market [COUNTRY,HEV] = IF THEN ELSE(existence of technology[HEV]=1:AND:filling infrastructure density[COUNTRY,HEV]>=filling infrastructure threshold[COUNTRY], 1, 0)
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market [COUNTRY,PHEV] = IF THEN ELSE(existence of technology[PHEV]=1:AND:filling infrastructure density[COUNTRY,PHEV]>=filling infrastructure threshold[COUNTRY], 1, 0)
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market [COUNTRY,BEV] = IF THEN ELSE(existence of technology[BEV]=1:AND:filling infrastructure density[COUNTRY,BEV]>=filling infrastructure threshold[COUNTRY], 1, 0)
commercial interest in introducing technology in the market [COUNTRY,FC] = IF THEN ELSE(existence of technology[FC]=1:AND:filling infrastructure density[COUNTRY,FC]>=filling infrastructure threshold[COUNTRY], 1, 0)
Description: It is assumed that the existence of the technology and a minimum degree of infrastructure density (for the fuel of that tech) is a pre-condition for manufacturers to show commercial interest in deploying the car tech in the market .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • market introduction of technology - This variable now takes into account hybrid (HEV) tech, for which new infrastructure was not needed and market introduction years differ among countries .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#96
C
construction cost filling infrastructure (dollar/station)
construction cost filling infrastructure [
COUNTRY,G] = 150000
construction cost filling infrastructure [COUNTRY,D] = 150000
construction cost filling infrastructure [COUNTRY,FF] = 20000
construction cost filling infrastructure [COUNTRY,LPG] = 30000
construction cost filling infrastructure [COUNTRY,NG] = 300000
construction cost filling infrastructure [COUNTRY,HEV] = 150000
construction cost filling infrastructure [COUNTRY,PHEV] = 150000
construction cost filling infrastructure [COUNTRY,BEV] = 15000
construction cost filling infrastructure [COUNTRY,FC] = 1e+006
Description: Slow charging (AC Level 2) = 9,500 dollar and DC fast charging = 61,000 dollar [Source for EV: DOE (2015) report] and [Sources for other:BMWI presentation and paper for E85]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#97
A
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS (station)
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [
China,G] = total conventional fuel filling stations[China]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [China,D] = total conventional fuel filling stations[China]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [China,HEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[China]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [China,PHEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[China]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [Germany,G] = total conventional fuel filling stations[Germany]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [Germany,D] = total conventional fuel filling stations[Germany]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [Germany,HEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[Germany]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [Germany,PHEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[Germany]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [US,G] = total conventional fuel filling stations[US]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [US,D] = total conventional fuel filling stations[US]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [US,HEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[US]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [US,PHEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[US]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [FRANCE,G] = total conventional fuel filling stations[FRANCE]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [FRANCE,D] = total conventional fuel filling stations[FRANCE]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [FRANCE,HEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[FRANCE]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [FRANCE,PHEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[FRANCE]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [INDIA,G] = total conventional fuel filling stations[INDIA]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [INDIA,D] = total conventional fuel filling stations[INDIA]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [INDIA,HEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[INDIA]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [INDIA,PHEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[INDIA]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [JAPAN,G] = total conventional fuel filling stations[JAPAN]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [JAPAN,D] = total conventional fuel filling stations[JAPAN]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [JAPAN,HEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[JAPAN]
CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS [JAPAN,PHEV] = total conventional fuel filling stations[JAPAN]
Description: Number of filling stations offering gasoline and diesel fuel, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#98
C
COST REDUCTION FRACTION (Dmnl [0.05,0.2,0.01])
= 0.15
Description: Assumed reduction in electric vehicle battery manufacturing cost per doubling of manufacturing experience. Default assumption: 15% .
Source: Sterman (2000: 338)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • learning curve - Simulated learning curve, determined by the assumed cost reduction fraction .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#99
Sub
COUNTRY
:
China, FRANCE, Germany, INDIA, JAPAN, US
Present in 22 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#100
L
Cumulative EV production (battery)
Cumulative EV production [
PHEV] = production rate[PHEV] dt + [1]
Cumulative EV production [BEV] = production rate[BEV] dt + [1]
Description: Cumulative number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#101
L
Cumulative GHG (gCO2eq)
Cumulative GHG [
COUNTRY] = cumulative GHG rate[COUNTRY] dt + [0]
Description: Cumulative GHG emissions from cars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#102
F,A

cumulative GHG rate (gCO2eq/Year)
cumulative GHG rate [
COUNTRY] = total lifecycle CO2eq[COUNTRY]
Description: Inflow of GHG emissions .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#103
F,A

CV expenditures rate (country currency/Year)
CV expenditures rate [
COUNTRY] = oil import expenditures[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual rate representing the expenditure stream for the conventional vehicle fund .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CV Fund - Stock variable representing the state of the fund for conventional vehicles .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#104
L
CV Fund (country currency)
CV Fund [
COUNTRY] = CV revenues rate[COUNTRY]-CV expenditures rate[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL CV FUND[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock variable representing the state of the fund for conventional vehicles .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#105
F,A

CV revenues rate (country currency/Year)
CV revenues rate [
COUNTRY] = sum of annual revenues[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual rate representing the revenue stream for the conventional vehicle fund .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CV Fund - Stock variable representing the state of the fund for conventional vehicles .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#106
L
Degree of Innovativeness (Dmnl)
Degree of Innovativeness [
COUNTRY,TECH] = gaining innovativeness[COUNTRY,TECH]-losing innovativeness[COUNTRY,TECH] dt + [initial degree of innovativeness[COUNTRY,TECH]]
Description: Degree of innovativeness, which influences the purchase decision of innovators .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#107
L
Degree of Popularity (Dmnl)
Degree of Popularity [
COUNTRY,TECH] = gaining popularity[COUNTRY,TECH]-losing popularity[COUNTRY,TECH] dt + [initial degree of popularity[COUNTRY,TECH]]
Description: Degree of popularity, which constraints the purchase decision of maximisers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#108
C
degree of regulatory compliance on emissions (Dmnl [0,0.1,0.5])
degree of regulatory compliance on emissions [
China] = 0
degree of regulatory compliance on emissions [FRANCE] = 0
degree of regulatory compliance on emissions [Germany] = 0
degree of regulatory compliance on emissions [INDIA] = 0
degree of regulatory compliance on emissions [JAPAN] = 0
degree of regulatory compliance on emissions [US] = 0
Description: Tolerated divergence between test and post-test emission standards for new cars. Zero means there is no gap. 0.5 means there is a 50% divergence. See T&E "Mind the Gap" report .
Source: policy input set by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • tolerated gap between test and post-test emissions - This shows the effect of the tolerated gap on post-test emission standards for new cars. 1 means there is no gap and hence no effect. 1.5 means post-test emissions will be 50% higher than test emissions
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#109
A
demand first habit (car/Year)
demand first habit [
COUNTRY,TECH] = market share repeat habit[COUNTRY,TECH]*aggregate demand habit first[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for cars from habit-oriented buyers that make first-time purchases, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • sum of demand first - Total demand from 'fist-time' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#110
A
demand first innovators (car/Year)
demand first innovators [
COUNTRY,TECH] = market share from innovators[COUNTRY,TECH]*aggregate demand innovators first[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for cars from innovators that make first-time purchases, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • sum of demand first - Total demand from 'fist-time' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#111
A
demand first low-cost (car/Year)
demand first low-cost [
COUNTRY,TECH] = "market share low-cost"[COUNTRY,TECH]*"aggregate demand low-cost first"[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for cars from low-cost buyers that make first-time purchases, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • sum of demand first - Total demand from 'fist-time' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#112
A
demand first maximisers (car/Year)
demand first maximisers [
COUNTRY,TECH] = market share utility maximisers restricted[COUNTRY,TECH]*aggregate demand maximisers first[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for cars from maximisers that make first-time purchases, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • sum of demand first - Total demand from 'fist-time' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#113
A
demand repeat habit (car/Year)
demand repeat habit [
COUNTRY,TECH] = market share repeat habit[COUNTRY,TECH]*aggregate demand habit repeat[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for cars from habit-oriented buyers that make repeated purchases, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • sum of demand repeat - Total demand from 'repeating' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#114
A
demand repeat innovators (car/Year)
demand repeat innovators [
COUNTRY,TECH] = market share from innovators[COUNTRY,TECH]*aggregate demand innovators repeat[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for cars from innovators that make repeated purchases, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • sum of demand repeat - Total demand from 'repeating' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#115
A
demand repeat low-cost (car/Year)
demand repeat low-cost [
COUNTRY,TECH] = "market share low-cost"[COUNTRY,TECH]*"aggregate demand low-cost repeat"[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for cars from low-cost buyers that make repeated purchases, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • sum of demand repeat - Total demand from 'repeating' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#116
A
demand repeat maximisers (car/Year)
demand repeat maximisers [
COUNTRY,TECH] = market share utility maximisers restricted[COUNTRY,TECH]*aggregate demand maximisers repeat[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for cars from maximisers that make repeated purchases, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • sum of demand repeat - Total demand from 'repeating' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#117
A
desired aggregate total car stock (car)
desired aggregate total car stock [
COUNTRY] = projected aggregate total car stock[COUNTRY]*industry acceptance of forecasts[COUNTRY]
Description: Because the projected aggregate total car stock across the six countries is growing, the forecasts are embraced by industry and aggregate total car stock is reformulated as a desired value .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#118
A
desired average annual VKT by car ((km/car)/Year)
desired average annual VKT by car [
COUNTRY,TECH] = ZIDZ(desired total vkt cars[COUNTRY,TECH], total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,TECH])
Description: Total vehicle-km travelled by the cars in use in each country as a result of applying a desired average occupancy value, by technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#119
C
desired average car load factor (Dmnl [1,?,3])
desired average car load factor [
China] = 0.3
desired average car load factor [FRANCE] = 0.3
desired average car load factor [Germany] = 0.3
desired average car load factor [INDIA] = 0.3
desired average car load factor [JAPAN] = 0.3
desired average car load factor [US] = 0.3
Description: The default value represents 30% (leading to an average car occupancy of 1.5 passenger/car) .
Source: policy input to be defined by the model user
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#120
A
desired average car occupancy (passenger)
desired average car occupancy [
COUNTRY] = desired average car load factor[COUNTRY]*average car load capacity
Description: Desired fraction of maximum passenger capacity used on average in a car .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • desired total vkt cars - Total vehicle-km travelled by the cars in use in each country that result from applying a desired average car occupancy value, by technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#121
A
desired total vkt cars (km/Year)
desired total vkt cars [
COUNTRY,TECH] = total pkm cars[COUNTRY,TECH]/desired average car occupancy[COUNTRY]
Description: Total vehicle-km travelled by the cars in use in each country that result from applying a desired average car occupancy value, by technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • desired average annual VKT by car - Total vehicle-km travelled by the cars in use in each country as a result of applying a desired average occupancy value, by technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#122
A
diesel co2eq by ghg (gCO2eq/litre)
diesel co2eq by ghg [
CH4] = global warming potential[CH4]*diesel emission by ghg[CH4]
diesel co2eq by ghg [CO2] = global warming potential[CO2]*diesel emission by ghg[CO2]
diesel co2eq by ghg [N2O] = global warming potential[N2O]*diesel emission by ghg[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of diesel after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#123
A
diesel demand (bbl/Year)
diesel demand [
COUNTRY,D] = "expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre)"[COUNTRY,D]/diesel yielded per barrel[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for diesel, in barrels .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#124
A
diesel emission by ghg (gram/litre)
diesel emission by ghg [
CH4] = ENERGY CONTENT DIESEL*emission factor diesel[CH4]
diesel emission by ghg [CO2] = ENERGY CONTENT DIESEL*emission factor diesel[CO2]
diesel emission by ghg [N2O] = ENERGY CONTENT DIESEL*emission factor diesel[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of diesel, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
  • diesel co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of diesel after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • TTW CO2 (litre) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#125
A
diesel price (country currency/litre)
diesel price [
COUNTRY] = diesel price before VAT[COUNTRY]*(1+VAT[COUNTRY])
Description: Final diesel price (end-user, pump), including VAT .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • diesel price in dollar - Final diesel price (end-user, pump), expressed in nominal dollars .
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
  • relative diesel price - Diesel price, relative to the initial price .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#126
A
diesel price before VAT (country currency/litre)
diesel price before VAT [
COUNTRY] = diesel price pretax[COUNTRY]+fuel tax diesel[COUNTRY]
Description: Diesel price, including the fuel tax and excluding VAT .
Source: own assumptions based on data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#127
A
diesel price in dollar (dollar/litre)
diesel price in dollar [
COUNTRY] = diesel price[COUNTRY]/exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: Final diesel price (end-user, pump), expressed in nominal dollars .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#128
A
diesel price pretax (country currency/litre)
diesel price pretax [
COUNTRY] = diesel price pretax in dollar[COUNTRY]*exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: The official exchange rate is used to translate prices into country currencies .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#129
A
diesel price pretax in dollar (dollar/litre)
diesel price pretax in dollar [
COUNTRY] = oil product price per litre*(1+other costs diesel[COUNTRY])
Description: The pretax diesel price includes the product price and other diesel costs, in dollars .
Source: own assumptions based on data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • diesel price pretax - The official exchange rate is used to translate prices into country currencies .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#130
A
diesel yielded per barrel (litre/bbl)
diesel yielded per barrel [
COUNTRY] = litres of oil products per barrel*average YIELD diesel[COUNTRY]
Description: Amount of diesel obtained from a barrel of oil .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#131
A
direct CO2 emission per km new car (gram/km)
direct CO2 emission per km new car [
COUNTRY,G] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,G]*gasoline emission by ghg[CO2]
direct CO2 emission per km new car [COUNTRY,D] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,D]*diesel emission by ghg[CO2]
direct CO2 emission per km new car [COUNTRY,FF] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,FF]*E85 emission by ghg[CO2]
direct CO2 emission per km new car [COUNTRY,LPG] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,LPG]*autogas emission by ghg[CO2]
direct CO2 emission per km new car [COUNTRY,NG] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,NG]*cng emission by ghg[CO2]
direct CO2 emission per km new car [COUNTRY,HEV] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,HEV]*gasoline emission by ghg[CO2]
direct CO2 emission per km new car [COUNTRY,PHEV] = (PHEV SHARE OF GASOLINE DRIVING[COUNTRY]*(fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,PHEV]*gasoline emission by ghg[CO2]) )+(PHEV SHARE OF ELECTRIC DRIVING[COUNTRY]*(fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,PHEV]* electricity emission by ghg[CO2 ]))
direct CO2 emission per km new car [COUNTRY,BEV] = fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,BEV]*electricity emission by ghg[CO2]
direct CO2 emission per km new car [COUNTRY,FC] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,FC]*hydrogen emission by ghg[CO2]
Description: Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
Present in 3 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#132
A
direct CO2eq emission per km new car (gCO2eq/km)
direct CO2eq emission per km new car [
COUNTRY,G] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,G]*aggregate CO2eq per gasoline
direct CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,D] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,D]*aggregate CO2eq per diesel
direct CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,FF] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,FF]*aggregate CO2eq per E85
direct CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,LPG] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,LPG]*aggregate CO2eq per autogas
direct CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,NG] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,NG]*aggregate CO2eq per cng
direct CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,HEV] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,HEV]*aggregate CO2eq per gasoline
direct CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,PHEV] = (PHEV SHARE OF GASOLINE DRIVING[COUNTRY]*(fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,PHEV]*aggregate CO2eq per gasoline) )+(PHEV SHARE OF ELECTRIC DRIVING[COUNTRY]*(fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,PHEV] *aggregate CO2eq per electricity))
direct CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,BEV] = fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,BEV]*aggregate CO2eq per electricity
direct CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,FC] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,FC]*aggregate CO2eq per hydrogen
Description: Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#133
A
driving cost over lifetime (country currency/car)
driving cost over lifetime [
COUNTRY,TECH] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,TECH]*expected average car service life[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Assumed total driving cost over the car lifetime, by country and tech .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • usage cost over lifetime - Usage or operating cost over the car lifetime, defined as the sum of total driving and maintenance costs, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#134
A
E85 co2eq by ghg (gCO2eq/litre)
E85 co2eq by ghg [
CH4] = global warming potential[CH4]*E85 emission by ghg[CH4]
E85 co2eq by ghg [CO2] = global warming potential[CO2]*E85 emission by ghg[CO2]
E85 co2eq by ghg [N2O] = global warming potential[N2O]*E85 emission by ghg[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of ethanol 85 after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#135
A
E85 emission by ghg (gram/litre)
E85 emission by ghg [
CH4] = ENERGY CONTENT E85*emission factor E85[CH4]
E85 emission by ghg [CO2] = ENERGY CONTENT E85*emission factor E85[CO2]
E85 emission by ghg [N2O] = ENERGY CONTENT E85*emission factor E85[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of ethanol 85, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • E85 co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of ethanol 85 after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • TTW CO2 (litre) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#136
A
E85 price (country currency/litre)
E85 price [
COUNTRY] = gasoline price[COUNTRY]*share gasoline price for E85
Description: E85 price proportional to the gasoline price .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#137
C
EF coal (gCO2eq/(kW*h) [700,1700])
= 1001
Description: Emission factor of electricity generation using coal .
Source: IPCC (2011)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • emissions coal - Emissions from electricity generation using coal, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#138
C
EF natural gas (gCO2eq/(kW*h) [300,900])
= 469
Description: Emission factor of electricity generation using natural gas .
Source: IPCC (2011)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • emissions natural gas - Emissions from electricity generation using natural gas, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#139
C
EF nuclear (gCO2eq/(kW*h) [0,200])
= 16
Description: Emission factor of electricity generation using nuclear energy
Source: IPCC (2011)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • emissions nuclear - Emissions from electricity generation using nuclear energy, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#140
C
EF oil (gCO2eq/(kW*h) [500,1200])
= 840
Description: Emission factor of electricity generation using oil .
Source: IPCC (2011)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • emissions oil - Emissions from electricity generation using oil, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#141
C
EF renewables (gCO2eq/(kW*h) [0,100])
= 27
Description: Emission factor of electricity generation using renewable energy sources. Own calculation of the unweighted average using the range of values (16 for wind, 22 for concentrated solar and 46 for PV) provided by IPCC
Source: IPCC (2011)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • emissions renewables - Emissions from electricity generation using renewable energy sources, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#142
A
effect of battery cost on capacity ((kW*h)/battery)
effect of battery cost on capacity [
PHEV] = IF THEN ELSE(relative battery cost per kWh<0.13, 16, 8)
effect of battery cost on capacity [BEV] = IF THEN ELSE(relative battery cost per kWh<0.13, 30, 24)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • battery capacity gap - Goal-seeking formulation for increasing the electric vehicle battery capacity for PHEV and BEV .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#143
C,A
effect of ICE improvements on price (Dmnl)
effect of ICE improvements on price [
China,G] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[China,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [China,D] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[China,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [China,FF] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[China,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [China,LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[China,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [China,NG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[China,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [China,HEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [China,PHEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [China,BEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [China,FC] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [FRANCE,G] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[FRANCE,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [FRANCE,D] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[FRANCE,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [FRANCE,FF] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[FRANCE,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [FRANCE,LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[FRANCE,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [FRANCE,NG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[FRANCE,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [FRANCE,HEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [FRANCE,PHEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [FRANCE,BEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [FRANCE,FC] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [Germany,G] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[Germany,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [Germany,D] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[Germany,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [Germany,FF] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[Germany,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [Germany,LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[Germany,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [Germany,NG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[Germany,G]<0.65, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [Germany,HEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [Germany,PHEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [Germany,BEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [Germany,FC] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [INDIA,G] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[INDIA,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [INDIA,D] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[INDIA,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [INDIA,FF] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[INDIA,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [INDIA,LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[INDIA,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [INDIA,NG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[INDIA,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [INDIA,HEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [INDIA,PHEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [INDIA,BEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [INDIA,FC] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [JAPAN,G] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[JAPAN,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [JAPAN,D] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[JAPAN,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [JAPAN,FF] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[JAPAN,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [JAPAN,LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[JAPAN,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [JAPAN,NG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[JAPAN,G]<0.62, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [JAPAN,HEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [JAPAN,PHEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [JAPAN,BEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [JAPAN,FC] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [US,G] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[US,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [US,D] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[US,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [US,FF] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[US,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [US,LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[US,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [US,NG] = IF THEN ELSE(relative fuel intensity new car[US,G]<0.7, 1.2, 1)
effect of ICE improvements on price [US,HEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [US,PHEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [US,BEV] = 1
effect of ICE improvements on price [US,FC] = 1
Description: Assumed effect of ICE improvements on the car price, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#144
A
effect of innovativeness on popularity (Dmnl/Year)
effect of innovativeness on popularity [
COUNTRY,TECH] = Degree of Innovativeness[COUNTRY,TECH]/time for innovation to become popular[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: The effect of the degree of innovativeness on popularity, after the assumed time lag .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • gaining popularity - It is assumed that innovative technologies become, ove time, popular .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#145
A
effect of learning experience on battery cost (Dmnl)
=
relative expected aggregate industry experience^learning curve
Description: Simulated effect of learning and experience on battery cost .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • battery cost - Battery cost as a function of initial cost and the effect of learning experience .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#146
C
elasticity wrt real gasoline price (Dmnl)
elasticity wrt real gasoline price [
FRANCE] = -0.3
elasticity wrt real gasoline price [Germany] = -0.3
elasticity wrt real gasoline price [JAPAN] = -0.3
elasticity wrt real gasoline price [US] = -0.13
Description: Estimated elasticity for France, Germany, Japan and the US .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#147
C
elasticity wrt real GDP per capita (Dmnl)
elasticity wrt real GDP per capita [
FRANCE] = 0.4
elasticity wrt real GDP per capita [Germany] = 0.8
elasticity wrt real GDP per capita [JAPAN] = 0.6
elasticity wrt real GDP per capita [US] = 1.13
Description: Estimated elasticity for France, Germany, Japan and the US .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#148
A
electricity co2eq by ghg (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
electricity co2eq by ghg [
CH4] = global warming potential[CH4]*electricity emission by ghg[CH4]
electricity co2eq by ghg [CO2] = global warming potential[CO2]*electricity emission by ghg[CO2]
electricity co2eq by ghg [N2O] = global warming potential[N2O]*electricity emission by ghg[N2O]
Description: Emissions from using electricity in an electric car after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#149
A
electricity emission by ghg (gram/(kW*h))
electricity emission by ghg [
CH4] = ENERGY CONTENT ELECTRICITY*emission factor electricity[CH4]
electricity emission by ghg [CO2] = ENERGY CONTENT ELECTRICITY*emission factor electricity[CO2]
electricity emission by ghg [N2O] = ENERGY CONTENT ELECTRICITY*emission factor electricity[N2O]
Description: Emissions from using electricity in an electric car, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • electricity co2eq by ghg - Emissions from using electricity in an electric car after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • TTW CO2 (kWh) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by electricity, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#150
D
electricity generation share coal (Dmnl)
electricity generation share coal [
COUNTRY] = electricity generation share coal-B
Description: Share of electricity generated by coal, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#151
D
electricity generation share natural gas (Dmnl)
electricity generation share natural gas [
COUNTRY] = electricity generation share natural gas-B
Description: Share of electricity generated by natural gas, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#152
D
electricity generation share nuclear (Dmnl)
electricity generation share nuclear [
COUNTRY] = electricity generation share nuclear-B
Description: Share of electricity generated by nuclear energy, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#153
D
electricity generation share oil (Dmnl)
electricity generation share oil [
COUNTRY] = electricity generation share oil-B
Description: Share of electricity generated by oil, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#154
D
electricity generation share renewables (Dmnl)
electricity generation share renewables [
COUNTRY] = electricity generation share renewables-B
Description: Share of electricity generated by renewable energy sources, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#155
C,D,A
electricity price (country currency/(kW*h))
electricity price [
China] = 0.5
electricity price [FRANCE] = (electricity price excluding tax[FRANCE]+electricity tax[FRANCE])*(1+VAT[FRANCE])
electricity price [Germany] = (electricity price excluding tax[Germany]+electricity tax[Germany])*(1+VAT[Germany])
electricity price [INDIA] = 3.5
electricity price [JAPAN] = (electricity price excluding tax[JAPAN]+electricity tax[JAPAN])*(1+VAT[JAPAN])
electricity price [US] = electricity price-B
Description: End-user electricity price, including VAT .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#156
D
electricity price excluding tax (country currency/(kW*h))
electricity price excluding tax [
FRANCE] = electricity price excluding tax-B
electricity price excluding tax [Germany] = electricity price excluding tax-B
electricity price excluding tax [JAPAN] = electricity price excluding tax-B
Description: Electricity price, excluding taxes .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#157
D
electricity tax (country currency/(kW*h))
electricity tax [
FRANCE] = electricity tax-B
electricity tax [Germany] = electricity tax-B
electricity tax [JAPAN] = electricity tax-B
Description: Amount of tax to be paid when purchasing electricty from the grid .
Source: policy input to be defined by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#158
A
emission average new car post-test (gram/km)
emission average new car post-test [
COUNTRY] = emission standard average new car[COUNTRY]*"tolerated gap between test and post-test emissions"[COUNTRY]
Description: Desired rate of strengthening of new gasoline emission standards. It applies only to the the period not covered by approved legislation (e.g. in EU from 2021)
Source: Policy input to be defined by the model user
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#159
A
emission average new cars sold (gram/km)
emission average new cars sold [
COUNTRY] = sum emission average new cars sold by tech[COUNTRY]/aggregate sales[COUNTRY]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#160
A
emission average new cars sold by tech ((gram/km)*(car/Year))
emission average new cars sold by tech [
COUNTRY,TECH] = direct CO2 emission per km new car[COUNTRY,TECH]*sales rate[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#161
C
emission factor autogas (gram/MJ)
emission factor autogas [
CH4] = 0.062
emission factor autogas [CO2] = 63.1
emission factor autogas [N2O] = 0.0002
Description: Note that Ball and Wietschel (2009) show a value of 64.7 (see page 207). Lower and Upper values not available
Source: IPCC (2006) Guidelines, Tables 3.2.1 and 3.2.2.
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#162
C
emission factor CNG (gram/MJ)
emission factor CNG [
CH4] = 0.092
emission factor CNG [CO2] = 56.1
emission factor CNG [N2O] = 0.003
Description: Note that Ball and Wietschel (2009) show a value of 55.0 for CMG (Compressed Methane Gas) from natural gas, which I interprete as an equivalent to the CNG fuel I am considering in my thesis (see page 207).
Source: IPCC (2006) Guidelines, Tables 3.2.1 and 3.2.2.
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#163
C
emission factor diesel (gram/MJ)
emission factor diesel [
CH4] = 0.0039
emission factor diesel [CO2] = 74.1
emission factor diesel [N2O] = 0.0039
Description: Note that Ball and Wietschel (2009) show a value of 73.3 (see page 207)
Source: IPCC (2006) Guidelines, Tables 3.2.1 and 3.2.2.
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#164
C
emission factor E85 (gram/MJ)
emission factor E85 [
CH4] = 0.018
emission factor E85 [CO2] = 71.4
emission factor E85 [N2O] = 0
Description: The value of 71.4 for biofuel is taken from Schäfer (2009) for Ethanol, so it may not be accurate. Note that Ball and Wietschel (2009) show a value of 71.3 (see page 207). Note that the value used is representative of Brazilian ethanol cars.
Source: IPCC (2006) Guidelines, Tables 3.2.1 and 3.2.2.
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#165
C
emission factor electricity (gram/MJ)
emission factor electricity [
CH4] = 0
emission factor electricity [CO2] = 0
emission factor electricity [N2O] = 0
Description: It is assumed that cars powered by electricity have zero tailpipe emissions .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#166
C
emission factor gasoline (gram/MJ)
emission factor gasoline [
CH4] = 0.025
emission factor gasoline [CO2] = 69.3
emission factor gasoline [N2O] = 0.008
Description: Note that Ball and Wietschel (2009) show a value of 73.3 (see page 207).
Source: IPCC (2006) Guidelines, Tables 3.2.1 and 3.2.2.
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#167
C
emission factor hydrogen (gram/MJ)
emission factor hydrogen [
CH4] = 0
emission factor hydrogen [CO2] = 0
emission factor hydrogen [N2O] = 0
Description: It is assumed that fuel cell cars have zero tailpipe emissions .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#168
D
emission standard average new car (gram/km)
emission standard average new car [
China] = emission standard average new car-B
emission standard average new car [FRANCE] = emission standard average new car-B
emission standard average new car [Germany] = emission standard average new car-B
emission standard average new car [INDIA] = emission standard average new car-B
emission standard average new car [JAPAN] = emission standard average new car-B
emission standard average new car [US] = emission standard average new car-B
Description: Target emission standard for the new average conventional car .
Source: policy input set by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • emission average new car post-test - Desired rate of strengthening of new gasoline emission standards. It applies only to the the period not covered by approved legislation (e.g. in EU from 2021)
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#169
D
emission standard average new car EU (gram/km)
Description: Emission standard of the average new car sold in the European Union .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#170
D
emission standard new car (gram/km)
emission standard new car [
FRANCE,G] = emission standard new car-B
emission standard new car [FRANCE,D] = emission standard new car-B
emission standard new car [Germany,G] = emission standard new car-B
emission standard new car [Germany,D] = emission standard new car-B
Description: Emission standard of the new average car sold in the European countries .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#171
A
emissions coal (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
emissions coal [
COUNTRY] = EF coal*electricity generation share coal[COUNTRY]
Description: Emissions from electricity generation using coal, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#172
A
emissions natural gas (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
emissions natural gas [
COUNTRY] = EF natural gas*electricity generation share natural gas[COUNTRY]
Description: Emissions from electricity generation using natural gas, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#173
A
emissions nuclear (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
emissions nuclear [
COUNTRY] = EF nuclear*electricity generation share nuclear[COUNTRY]
Description: Emissions from electricity generation using nuclear energy, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#174
A
emissions oil (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
emissions oil [
COUNTRY] = EF oil*electricity generation share oil[COUNTRY]
Description: Emissions from electricity generation using oil, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#175
A
emissions renewables (gCO2eq/(kW*h))
emissions renewables [
COUNTRY] = EF renewables*electricity generation share renewables[COUNTRY]
Description: Emissions from electricity generation using renewable energy sources, in grams of CO2 equivalent per kWh .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#176
A
e-mobility expenditures rate (country currency/Year)
e-mobility expenditures rate [
COUNTRY] = "sum of annual e-mobility expenditures"[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual rate representing the expenditure stream for the electro-mobility fund .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • E-Mobility Fund - Stock variable representing the state of the fund for promoting electro-mobility .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#177
L
E-Mobility Fund (country currency)
E-Mobility Fund [
COUNTRY] = "e-mobility revenues rate"[COUNTRY]-"e-mobility expenditures rate"[COUNTRY] dt + ["INITIAL E-MOBILITY FUND"[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock variable representing the state of the fund for promoting electro-mobility .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#178
C
e-mobility revenues rate (country currency/Year)
e-mobility revenues rate [
COUNTRY] = 0
Description: Annual rate representing the revenue stream for the electro-mobility fund .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • E-Mobility Fund - Stock variable representing the state of the fund for promoting electro-mobility .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#179
C
ENERGY CONTENT AUTOGAS (MJ/litre [23.4,27,0.1])
= 26.8
Description: MJ per unit of volume. Ball and Wietschel (2009) use a value of 23.4, assuming liquid state at 20 degrees, 0.5-1.0 MPa (LPG); approx. 1.6 MPa (DME). DME stands for Dimethyl ether (see p. 207). I assume by LHV they mean Low Heating Value. See also Demirel p.40.
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#180
C
ENERGY CONTENT CNG (MJ/kg [49.2,51,0.1])
= 50
Description: MJ per unit of volume. Ball and Wietschel (2009) use a value of 49.2 for CMG from natural gas. CMG stands for Compressed Methane Gas (see p. 207). I assume by LHV they mean Low Heating Value. See also Demirel p.40.
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#181
C
ENERGY CONTENT DIESEL (MJ/litre [36,39,0.1])
= 38.6
Description: MJ per unit of volume. Ball and Wietschel (2009) use a value of 36.0 (see p. 207). I assume by LHV they mean Low Heating Value. See also Demirel p.40.
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#182
C
ENERGY CONTENT E85 (MJ/litre [21.2,26,0.1])
= 25.6
Description: MJ per unit of volume. Ball and Wietschel (2009) use a value of 21.2 (see p. 207). I assume by LHV they mean Low Heating Value. See also Demirel p.40.
Present in 2 views:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#183
C
ENERGY CONTENT ELECTRICITY (MJ/(kW*h))
= 0.2778
Description: It reflects the fact that 1 kWh = 3.6 MJ
Source: IEA (2016)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#184
C
ENERGY CONTENT GASOLINE (MJ/litre [32.2,35,0.1])
= 34.2
Description: MJ per unit of volume .
Source: Demirel (p.40). See also Ball and Wietschel (2009), who use a value of 32.2 (p. 207)
Present in 3 views:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#185
C
ENERGY CONTENT HYDROGEN (MJ/kg)
= 120
Description: MJ per unit of volume. .
Source: Ball and Wietschel (2009)(see p. 207). I assume by LHV they mean Low Heating Value. See also Demirel p.40
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#186
A
energy cost per km (country currency/km)
energy cost per km [
COUNTRY,G] = gasoline price[COUNTRY]*fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,G]
energy cost per km [COUNTRY,D] = diesel price[COUNTRY]*fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,D]
energy cost per km [COUNTRY,FF] = E85 price[COUNTRY]*fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,FF]
energy cost per km [COUNTRY,LPG] = autogas price[COUNTRY]*fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,LPG]
energy cost per km [COUNTRY,NG] = CNG price[COUNTRY]*fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,NG]
energy cost per km [COUNTRY,HEV] = gasoline price[COUNTRY]*fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,HEV]
energy cost per km [COUNTRY,PHEV] = electricity price[COUNTRY]*fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,PHEV]
energy cost per km [COUNTRY,BEV] = electricity price[COUNTRY]*fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,BEV]
energy cost per km [COUNTRY,FC] = H2 price[COUNTRY]*fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#187
A
energy use per car (kg) (kg/car/Year)
energy use per car (kg) [
COUNTRY,NG] = average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY]*"average fuel intensity per car (kg)"[COUNTRY,NG]
energy use per car (kg) [COUNTRY,FC] = average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY]*"average fuel intensity per car (kg)"[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Simulated annual fuel consumption per car, in kg .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#188
A
energy use per car (kWh) (((kW*h)/car)/Year)
energy use per car (kWh) [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = (PHEV SHARE OF ELECTRIC DRIVING[COUNTRY]*average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY])*"average fuel intensity per car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
energy use per car (kWh) [COUNTRY,BEV] = average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY]*"average fuel intensity per car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Simulated annual electricity consumption per car in kWh, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#189
A
energy use per car (litre) (litre/car/Year)
energy use per car (litre) [
COUNTRY,G] = average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,G]
energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,D] = average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,D]
energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,FF] = average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,FF]
energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,LPG] = average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,LPG]
energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,HEV] = average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,HEV]
energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,PHEV] = (PHEV SHARE OF GASOLINE DRIVING[COUNTRY]*average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY])*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
Description: Simulaed annual fuel consumption per car, in litres .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#190
A
estimated average recharging time (min)
estimated average recharging time [
COUNTRY,BEV] = proportion slow recharging[COUNTRY,BEV]*(average slow recharging time[BEV]*minute per hour)+proportion fast recharging[COUNTRY,BEV]*(average fast recharging time[BEV]*minute per hour)
Description: Average recharging time after accounting for the split between slow and recharging stations .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#191
L
EV battery capacity (kWh) ((kW*h)/battery)
EV battery capacity (kWh) [
PHEV] = EV battery capacity rate[PHEV] dt + ["INITIAL EV BATTERY CAPACITY (kWh)"[PHEV]]
EV battery capacity (kWh) [BEV] = EV battery capacity rate[BEV] dt + ["INITIAL EV BATTERY CAPACITY (kWh)"[BEV]]
Description: Electric vehicle battery capacity, determined by the initial values and increases in capacity over time .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#192
A
EV battery capacity per pack ((kW*h)/car)
EV battery capacity per pack [
PHEV] = "EV battery capacity (kWh)"[PHEV]*BATTERY PACK PER CAR[PHEV]
EV battery capacity per pack [BEV] = "EV battery capacity (kWh)"[BEV]*BATTERY PACK PER CAR[BEV]
Description: Assumed battery capacity in each electric vehicle .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • battery cost BEV in dollar - Simulated cost of the BEV battery pack, in dollars .
  • battery cost PHEV in dollar - Simulated cost of the PHEV battery pack, in dollars .
  • CO2eq battery disposal per car - Emissions from battery disposal, by type of EV .
  • CO2eq battery manufacturing per car - Emissions from manufacturing one battery, by type of EV .
  • range - [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "Reichweite 530km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "Reichweite 505km"],, [Source for LPG: ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "Reichweite 425km"], [Source for NG: US AFDC web "The driving range of NGVs is generally less than that of comparable gasoline and diesel vehicles because, with natural gas, less overall energy content can be stored in the same size tank as the more energy dense gasoline or diesel fuels"], [Source for FC: EPA range 502 km]
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#193
F,A

EV battery capacity rate (((kW*h)/battery)/Year)
EV battery capacity rate [
PHEV] = battery capacity gap[PHEV]
EV battery capacity rate [BEV] = battery capacity gap[BEV]
Description: Electric vehicle battery capacity rate, as a result of declining battery costs .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • EV battery capacity (kWh) - Electric vehicle battery capacity, determined by the initial values and increases in capacity over time .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#194
D
EV purchase subsidy (country currency/car [0,5000,500])
EV purchase subsidy [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = EV purchase subsidy-B
EV purchase subsidy [COUNTRY,BEV] = EV purchase subsidy-B
Description: Amount of money, offered by the central government, to be deducted from the purchase price of new electric (PHEV or BEV) car .
Source: policy input to be defined by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • expenditure for EV - Expenditures for EVs as a function of subsidy and demand .
  • purchase price - Reduced purchase price of electric cars as a result of subsidies, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#195
A
EV sales (car/Year)
EV sales [
PHEV] = (EV sales by country[COUNTRY!,PHEV])
EV sales [BEV] = (EV sales by country[COUNTRY!,BEV])
Description: Number of EVs annually sold or registered in the six countries, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • production rate - Number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#196
A
EV sales by country (car/Year)
EV sales by country [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = sales rate[COUNTRY,PHEV]
EV sales by country [COUNTRY,BEV] = sales rate[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Annual EV sales or registrations rate, by country and type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • EV sales - Number of EVs annually sold or registered in the six countries, by type of EV .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#197
D
exchange rate (country currency/dollar)
exchange rate [
COUNTRY] = exchange rate-B
Description: Official nominal exchange rate, by country .
Source: World Bank (2016) and own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#198
A
existence of technology (Dmnl)
existence of technology [
G] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of technology innovation[G], 1, 0)
existence of technology [D] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of technology innovation[D], 1, 0)
existence of technology [FF] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of technology innovation[FF], 1, 0)
existence of technology [LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of technology innovation[LPG], 1, 0)
existence of technology [NG] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of technology innovation[NG], 1, 0)
existence of technology [HEV] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of technology innovation[HEV], 1, 0)
existence of technology [PHEV] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of technology innovation[PHEV], 1, 0)
existence of technology [BEV] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of technology innovation[BEV], 1, 0)
existence of technology [FC] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of technology innovation[FC], 1, 0)
Description: Boolean indicating whether the technology exists or not .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • commercial interest in introducing technology in the market - It is assumed that the existence of the technology and a minimum degree of infrastructure density (for the fuel of that tech) is a pre-condition for manufacturers to show commercial interest in deploying the car tech in the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#199
A
expected aggregate electricity use total car stock ((TW*h)/Year)
expected aggregate electricity use total car stock [
COUNTRY] = expected aggregate electricity use total car stock in kWh[COUNTRY]/kWh per TWh
Description: Expected annual total electricity consumption from the car stock, in TWh .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#200
A
expected aggregate electricity use total car stock in kWh ((kW*h)/Year)
expected aggregate electricity use total car stock in kWh [
COUNTRY] = "expected total energy use car stock by tech (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]+"expected total energy use car stock by tech (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Expected annual total electricity consumption from the car stock, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#201
A
expected aggregate industry experience (kW*h)
=
expected industry experience by type of EV[PHEV]+expected industry experience by type of EV[BEV]
Description: Cumulative experience in battery manufacturing .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#202
A
expected average annual VKT by car ((km/car)/Year)
expected average annual VKT by car [
COUNTRY,TECH] = expected average car service life[COUNTRY,TECH]/total average car lifetime[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: The expected average annual VKT by car is 12,500 km, determined by the expected average car service life divided by the total average car lifetime .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#203
C
expected average car service life (km/car)
expected average car service life [
COUNTRY,TECH] = 200000
Description: Number of km an average car is assumed to be driven over its service life. See e.g. Genta and Morello (2009) The Automotive Chassis, p. 364 .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • driving cost over lifetime - Assumed total driving cost over the car lifetime, by country and tech .
  • expected average annual VKT by car - The expected average annual VKT by car is 12,500 km, determined by the expected average car service life divided by the total average car lifetime .
  • required batteries in car lifetime - The assumed number of batteries an electric car requires over its lifetime is two. This is a conservative estimate, given current electric vehicle battery technology and prospects .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#204
L
Expected cumulative world EV production (battery)
Expected cumulative world EV production [
PHEV] = world production rate[PHEV] dt + [200]
Expected cumulative world EV production [BEV] = world production rate[BEV] dt + [400]
Description: Cumulative number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
Source: based on EVI (2017) own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#205
A
expected energy use per car (kg) (kg/car/Year)
expected energy use per car (kg) [
COUNTRY,NG] = expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,NG]*"average fuel intensity per car (kg)"[COUNTRY,NG]
expected energy use per car (kg) [COUNTRY,FC] = expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,FC]*"average fuel intensity per car (kg)"[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Expected annual fuel consumption per car, in kg .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#206
A
expected energy use per car (kWh) (((kW*h)/car)/Year)
expected energy use per car (kWh) [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = (PHEV SHARE OF ELECTRIC DRIVING[COUNTRY]*expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,PHEV])*"average fuel intensity per car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
expected energy use per car (kWh) [COUNTRY,BEV] = expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,BEV]*"average fuel intensity per car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Expected annual electricity consumption per car in kWh, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#207
A
expected energy use per car (litre) (litre/car/Year)
expected energy use per car (litre) [
COUNTRY,G] = expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,G]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,G]
expected energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,D] = expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,D]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,D]
expected energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,FF] = expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,FF]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,FF]
expected energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,LPG] = expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,LPG]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,LPG]
expected energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,HEV] = expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,HEV]*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,HEV]
expected energy use per car (litre) [COUNTRY,PHEV] = (PHEV SHARE OF GASOLINE DRIVING[COUNTRY]*expected average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY,PHEV])*"average fuel intensity per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
Description: Expected annual fuel consumption per car, in litres .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#208
A
expected EV stock from other markets (car)
= (
share of other markets*target world EV stock[PHEV])+(share of other markets*target world EV stock[BEV])
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#209
A
expected industry experience by type of EV (kW*h)
expected industry experience by type of EV [
PHEV] = IF THEN ELSE(Time<2015, (Expected cumulative world EV production[PHEV]*"EV battery capacity (kWh)"[PHEV]),(Cumulative EV production[PHEV]*"EV battery capacity (kWh)"[PHEV]))
expected industry experience by type of EV [BEV] = IF THEN ELSE(Time<2015, (Expected cumulative world EV production[BEV]*"EV battery capacity (kWh)"[BEV]),(Cumulative EV production[BEV]*"EV battery capacity (kWh)"[BEV]))
Description: Cumulative experience in battery manufacturing, initially based on historical sales and later on the model's internal simulations, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#210
A
expected loss rate (car/Year)
expected loss rate [
China] = aggregate scrappage[China]
expected loss rate [FRANCE] = aggregate scrappage[FRANCE]
expected loss rate [Germany] = aggregate scrappage[Germany]
expected loss rate [INDIA] = aggregate scrappage[INDIA]
expected loss rate [JAPAN] = aggregate scrappage[JAPAN]
expected loss rate [US] = aggregate scrappage[US]
Description: Variable added to mitigate the steady-state problem. It is assumed that the industry has expectations about the number of cars that are annually scrapped
Source: based on ideas from Sterman (2000)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • aggregate demand for new cars - Aggregate demand for new cars is the result of initial demand plus the adjustment for aggregate total car stock (China, France, India, Japan) and expected loss rate and extra demand from scrappage scheme (Germany,US). The US also includes RAMP functions .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#211
A
expected total energy use car stock by tech (kg) (kg/Year)
expected total energy use car stock by tech (kg) [
COUNTRY,NG] = "expected energy use per car (kg)"[COUNTRY,NG]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,NG]
expected total energy use car stock by tech (kg) [COUNTRY,FC] = "expected energy use per car (kg)"[COUNTRY,FC]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Expected annual total energy consumption from the car stock, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • TTW CO2 (kg) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country and technology .
  • TTW CO2eq (kg) - Annual tank-to-wheel GHG emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country and technology .
  • WTT CO2eq (kg) - Annual well-to-tank emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#212
A
expected total energy use car stock by tech (kWh) ((kW*h)/Year)
expected total energy use car stock by tech (kWh) [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = "expected energy use per car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,PHEV]
expected total energy use car stock by tech (kWh) [COUNTRY,BEV] = "expected energy use per car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Expected annual total electricity consumption from the car stock, by type of EV and country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#213
A
expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre) (litre/Year)
expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [
COUNTRY,G] = "expected energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,G]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,G]
expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,D] = "expected energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,D]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,D]
expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,FF] = "expected energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,FF]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,FF]
expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,LPG] = "expected energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,LPG]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,LPG]
expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,HEV] = "expected energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,HEV]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,HEV]
expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,PHEV] = "expected energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,PHEV]
Description: Expected annual total energy consumption from the car stock, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 5 views: Used by:
  • aggregate gasoline use total car stock - The sum of gasoline used by the stock gasoline, hybrid and plug-in hybrid cars .
  • diesel demand - Annual demand for diesel, in barrels .
  • revenue from CV fuel taxes - Revenues from gasoline and diesel taxes after accounting for the quantity of fuel sold/used .
  • TTW CO2 (litre) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
  • TTW CO2eq (litre) - Annual tank-to-wheel GHG emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
  • WTT CO2eq (litre) - Annual well-to-tank emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#214
A
expenditure for EV (country currency/Year)
expenditure for EV [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = EV purchase subsidy[COUNTRY,PHEV]*sales rate[COUNTRY,PHEV]
expenditure for EV [COUNTRY,BEV] = EV purchase subsidy[COUNTRY,BEV]*sales rate[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Expenditures for EVs as a function of subsidy and demand .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#215
A
exponential total utility (Dmnl)
exponential total utility [
COUNTRY,TECH] = EXP(total utility[COUNTRY,TECH])
Description: Numerator of the multinomial logit framework .
Source: own work based on Ben-Akiva and Lerman (1985)
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#216
A
extra demand from scrappage scheme (car/Year)
extra demand from scrappage scheme [
Germany] = cars scrapped due to scrappage scheme[Germany,G]*0.7
Description: It is assumed that 70% of the cars scrapped due to the German scrappage scheme are replaced by new sales .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • aggregate demand for new cars - Aggregate demand for new cars is the result of initial demand plus the adjustment for aggregate total car stock (China, France, India, Japan) and expected loss rate and extra demand from scrappage scheme (Germany,US). The US also includes RAMP functions .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#217
A
factor intensity middle car ((fuel/km)/car)
factor intensity middle car [
COUNTRY,TECH] = ZIDZ(fuel intensity middle car stock[COUNTRY,TECH], Middle Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH])
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#218
A
factor intensity new car ((fuel/km)/car)
factor intensity new car [
COUNTRY,TECH] = ZIDZ(fuel intensity new car stock[COUNTRY,TECH], New Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH])
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#219
A
factor intensity old car ((fuel/km)/car)
factor intensity old car [
COUNTRY,TECH] = ZIDZ(fuel intensity old car stock[COUNTRY,TECH], Old Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH])
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#220
A
filling infrastructure density (station/(km*km))
filling infrastructure density [
COUNTRY,G] = CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]/land area[COUNTRY]
filling infrastructure density [COUNTRY,D] = CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,D]/land area[COUNTRY]
filling infrastructure density [COUNTRY,FF] = Alternative fuel filling stations[COUNTRY,FF]/land area[COUNTRY]
filling infrastructure density [COUNTRY,LPG] = Alternative fuel filling stations[COUNTRY,LPG]/land area[COUNTRY]
filling infrastructure density [COUNTRY,NG] = Alternative fuel filling stations[COUNTRY,NG]/land area[COUNTRY]
filling infrastructure density [COUNTRY,HEV] = CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,HEV]/land area[COUNTRY]
filling infrastructure density [COUNTRY,PHEV] = CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,PHEV]/land area[COUNTRY]
filling infrastructure density [COUNTRY,BEV] = public total EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]/land area[COUNTRY]
filling infrastructure density [COUNTRY,FC] = Public H2 filling stations[COUNTRY,FC]/land area[COUNTRY]
Description: Measure of filling/recharging infrastructure density, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • commercial interest in introducing technology in the market - It is assumed that the existence of the technology and a minimum degree of infrastructure density (for the fuel of that tech) is a pre-condition for manufacturers to show commercial interest in deploying the car tech in the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#221
C
filling infrastructure threshold (station/(km*km))
filling infrastructure threshold [
China] = 0.0001
filling infrastructure threshold [FRANCE] = 0.0001
filling infrastructure threshold [Germany] = 0.001
filling infrastructure threshold [INDIA] = 0.0001
filling infrastructure threshold [JAPAN] = 0.001
filling infrastructure threshold [US] = 0.0001
Description: Country-dependent threshold value
Source: Own Assumption
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • commercial interest in introducing technology in the market - It is assumed that the existence of the technology and a minimum degree of infrastructure density (for the fuel of that tech) is a pre-condition for manufacturers to show commercial interest in deploying the car tech in the market .
Default Control #222
C
FINAL TIME (Year)
= 2030
Description: The final time for the simulation.
Not Present In Any View
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#223
C,F

first to repeated sales rate (Dmnl/Year)
first to repeated sales rate [
China] = 0.01
first to repeated sales rate [FRANCE] = 0
first to repeated sales rate [Germany] = 0
first to repeated sales rate [INDIA] = 0.01
first to repeated sales rate [JAPAN] = 0
first to repeated sales rate [US] = 0
Description: Flow of first sales that may become repeated sales over time .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Share of first sales - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as 'first-time' car purchasers, expressed as a share of the market .
  • Share of repeated sales - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as 'repeating' car purchasers, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#224
A
foreign oil demand (bbl/Year)
foreign oil demand [
COUNTRY] = FRACTION OIL IMPORTS[COUNTRY]*aggregate oil demand[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for oil that needs to be imported in each country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#225
C
FRACTION OIL IMPORTS (Dmnl)
FRACTION OIL IMPORTS [
China] = 0.8
FRACTION OIL IMPORTS [FRANCE] = 1
FRACTION OIL IMPORTS [Germany] = 1
FRACTION OIL IMPORTS [INDIA] = 0.8
FRACTION OIL IMPORTS [JAPAN] = 0.8
FRACTION OIL IMPORTS [US] = 0.8
Description: Values ranges from 0 to 1; 0 meaning no imports and 1 = 100% foreing oil imports .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#226
C
fractional fuel cell cost rate (1/Year)
fractional fuel cell cost rate [
FC] = 0.08
Description: Fractional cost reduction rate assumed for the fuel cell system
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#227
C
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability (1/Year)
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [
China,FF] = 0
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [China,LPG] = 0
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [China,NG] = 0.05
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [FRANCE,FF] = 0.7
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [FRANCE,LPG] = 0.4
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [FRANCE,NG] = 0.3
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [Germany,FF] = 0.9
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [Germany,LPG] = 0.95
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [Germany,NG] = 0.5
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [INDIA,FF] = 0
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [INDIA,LPG] = 0.6
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [INDIA,NG] = 0.7
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [JAPAN,FF] = 0
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [JAPAN,LPG] = 0
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [JAPAN,NG] = 0.9
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [US,FF] = 0.4
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [US,LPG] = 0.01
fractional growth rate alternative fuel availability [US,NG] = 0.01
Description: Growth rates for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#228
C
FRACTIONAL OIL extraction share conventional rate (1/Year)
FRACTIONAL OIL extraction share conventional rate [
China] = 0.03
FRACTIONAL OIL extraction share conventional rate [FRANCE] = 0.03
FRACTIONAL OIL extraction share conventional rate [Germany] = 0.03
FRACTIONAL OIL extraction share conventional rate [INDIA] = 0.03
FRACTIONAL OIL extraction share conventional rate [JAPAN] = 0.03
FRACTIONAL OIL extraction share conventional rate [US] = 0.03
Description: Fractional rate of conventional oil extraction .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#229
C
fuel cell capacity (kW/car)
fuel cell capacity [
FC] = 113
Description: Assumed capacity of the fuel cell system
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#230
A
fuel cell cost (country currency/car)
fuel cell cost [
COUNTRY,FC] = fuel cell cost in dollar[FC]*exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: Cost of the fuel cell system fitted in the car, in country currency
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • fuel cell price - Fuel cell price as a function of manufacturing cost and margin .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#231
A
fuel cell cost in dollar (dollar/car)
fuel cell cost in dollar [
FC] = Projected fuel cell cost[FC]*fuel cell capacity[FC]
Description: Cost of the fuel cell system fitted in the car, in dollars
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • fuel cell cost - Cost of the fuel cell system fitted in the car, in country currency
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#232
F,A

fuel cell cost rate ((dollar/kW)/Year)
fuel cell cost rate [
FC] = fractional fuel cell cost rate[FC]*Projected fuel cell cost[FC]
Description: Annual cost reduction assumed for the fuel cell system
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#233
A
fuel cell price (country currency/car)
fuel cell price [
COUNTRY,FC] = fuel cell cost[COUNTRY,FC]*(1+industry margin)
Description: Fuel cell price as a function of manufacturing cost and margin .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CAR price excluding VAT - Purchase price of the car after adding battery and fuel cell component costs and before taxation, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#234
D
fuel consumption average car (litre/km)
fuel consumption average car [
Germany,G] = fuel consumption average car-B
fuel consumption average car [Germany,D] = fuel consumption average car-B
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#235
L
fuel intensity middle car stock (fuel/km)
fuel intensity middle car stock [
COUNTRY,TECH] = fuel intensity rate 2[COUNTRY,TECH]-fuel intensity rate 3[COUNTRY,TECH] dt + [INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY MIDDLE CAR STOCK[COUNTRY,TECH]*INITIAL MIDDLE CAR STOCK[COUNTRY,TECH]]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#236
A
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel ((fuel/km)/car)
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel [
COUNTRY,G] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,G]*"unit of fuel (litre)"[G]
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel [COUNTRY,D] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,D]*"unit of fuel (litre)"[D]
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel [COUNTRY,FF] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,FF]*"unit of fuel (litre)"[FF]
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel [COUNTRY,LPG] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,LPG]*"unit of fuel (litre)"[LPG]
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel [COUNTRY,NG] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,NG]*"unit of fuel (kg)"[NG]
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel [COUNTRY,HEV] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,HEV]*"unit of fuel (litre)"[HEV]
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel [COUNTRY,PHEV] = fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,PHEV]*"unit of fuel (kWh)"[PHEV]
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel [COUNTRY,BEV] = fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,BEV]*"unit of fuel (kWh)"[BEV]
fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel [COUNTRY,FC] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,FC]*"unit of fuel (kg)"[FC]
Description: Fuel intensity of the average new car, by fuel .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#237
D
fuel intensity new car kg (kg/km)
fuel intensity new car kg [
COUNTRY,NG] = fuel intensity new car kg-B
fuel intensity new car kg [COUNTRY,FC] = fuel intensity new car kg-B
Description: Assumed fuel intensity of the average new car using gaseous fuels [Source NG: VW web on Golf "Kraftstoffverbrauch Erdgas (CNG) kg/100 km: innerorts 4,6 - 4,4 / außerorts 3,0 - 2,8 / kombiniert 3,6 - 3,4 1)"] and [Source FC: Toyota web on Mirai "Kraftstoffverbrauch (Wasserstoff) innerorts/außerorts/kombiniert: 0,69/0,80/0,76 kg/100km"]
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • direct CO2eq emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
  • fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel - Fuel intensity of the average new car, by fuel .
  • indirect CO2eq emission per km new car - Well-to-tank emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
  • initial fuel intensity new car (kg)
  • range - [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "Reichweite 530km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "Reichweite 505km"],, [Source for LPG: ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "Reichweite 425km"], [Source for NG: US AFDC web "The driving range of NGVs is generally less than that of comparable gasoline and diesel vehicles because, with natural gas, less overall energy content can be stored in the same size tank as the more energy dense gasoline or diesel fuels"], [Source for FC: EPA range 502 km]
  • relative fuel intensity new car - Fuel intensity of the average new car, relative to the initial value, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#238
D
fuel intensity new car kWh ((kW*h)/km)
fuel intensity new car kWh [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = fuel intensity new car kWh-B
fuel intensity new car kWh [COUNTRY,BEV] = fuel intensity new car kWh-B
Description: Assumed fuel intensity of the average new car using electricity [Sources for PHEV: (1) ADAC test based on Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: 17.4 kWh/100km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "Stromverbrauch in kWh/100 km: kombiniert 12,4 - 11,4"; but according to the ADAC test, "16,0 kWh pro 100 km"; and (3) and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "Strom 12,0-11,4 kWh/100km"] and [Sources for BEV: (1) Nissan web based on Leaf "Stromverbrauch (kWh/100 km): kombiniert 15,0"; and (2) ADAC test on Renault Zoe: "durchschnittlicher Energieverbrauch von 21,4 kWh/100 km"]
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • direct CO2eq emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
  • fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel - Fuel intensity of the average new car, by fuel .
  • indirect CO2eq emission per km new car - Well-to-tank emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
  • initial fuel intensity new car (kWh) - Initial fuel intensity value of the average new car using electricity .
  • range - [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "Reichweite 530km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "Reichweite 505km"],, [Source for LPG: ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "Reichweite 425km"], [Source for NG: US AFDC web "The driving range of NGVs is generally less than that of comparable gasoline and diesel vehicles because, with natural gas, less overall energy content can be stored in the same size tank as the more energy dense gasoline or diesel fuels"], [Source for FC: EPA range 502 km]
  • relative fuel intensity new car - Fuel intensity of the average new car, relative to the initial value, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#239
D
fuel intensity new car litre (litre/km)
fuel intensity new car litre [
COUNTRY,G] = fuel intensity new car litre-B
fuel intensity new car litre [COUNTRY,D] = fuel intensity new car litre-B
fuel intensity new car litre [COUNTRY,FF] = fuel intensity new car litre-B
fuel intensity new car litre [COUNTRY,LPG] = fuel intensity new car litre-B
fuel intensity new car litre [COUNTRY,HEV] = fuel intensity new car litre-B
fuel intensity new car litre [COUNTRY,PHEV] = fuel intensity new car litre-B
Description: Assumed fuel intensity of the average new car using liquid fuels [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "Testverbrauch Durchschnitt 10,3 l/100km"; (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "Testverbrauch Durchschnitt 10,8 l/100km", and (3) www.fueleconomy.gov on Ford Taurus FFV (E85) "16 MPG combined", thus ca. 14.7l/100km], , [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus "Verbrauch 5) 11.5l/100 km innerorts 5.5l/100 km außerorts 7.7l/100 km kombiniert"; (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "Testverbrauch Durchschnitt 8.9 l/100km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 3.6 l/100 km]
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • direct CO2eq emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
  • fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel - Fuel intensity of the average new car, by fuel .
  • indirect CO2eq emission per km new car - Well-to-tank emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
  • initial fuel intensity new car (litre) - Desired rate of strengthening of new gasoline emission standards. It applies only to the the period not covered by approved legislation (e.g. in EU from 2021) [Policy input to be defined by the model user]
  • range - [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "Reichweite 530km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "Reichweite 505km"],, [Source for LPG: ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "Reichweite 425km"], [Source for NG: US AFDC web "The driving range of NGVs is generally less than that of comparable gasoline and diesel vehicles because, with natural gas, less overall energy content can be stored in the same size tank as the more energy dense gasoline or diesel fuels"], [Source for FC: EPA range 502 km]
  • relative fuel intensity new car - Fuel intensity of the average new car, relative to the initial value, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#240
L
fuel intensity new car stock (fuel/km)
fuel intensity new car stock [
COUNTRY,TECH] = fuel intensity rate 1[COUNTRY,TECH]-fuel intensity rate 2[COUNTRY,TECH] dt + [INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY NEW CAR STOCK[COUNTRY,TECH]*INITIAL NEW CAR STOCK[COUNTRY,TECH]]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#241
L
fuel intensity old car stock (fuel/km)
fuel intensity old car stock [
COUNTRY,TECH] = fuel intensity rate 3[COUNTRY,TECH]-fuel intensity rate 4[COUNTRY,TECH] dt + [INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY OLD CAR STOCK[COUNTRY,TECH]*INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK[COUNTRY,TECH]]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#242
F,A

fuel intensity rate 1 ((fuel/km)/Year)
fuel intensity rate 1 [
COUNTRY,TECH] = fuel intensity new car in unit of fuel[COUNTRY,TECH]*sales rate[COUNTRY,TECH]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#243
LI,F,A

fuel intensity rate 2 ((fuel/km)/Year)
fuel intensity rate 2 [
COUNTRY,TECH] = factor intensity new car[COUNTRY,TECH]*ageing 1[COUNTRY,TECH]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#244
LI,F,A

fuel intensity rate 3 ((fuel/km)/Year)
fuel intensity rate 3 [
COUNTRY,TECH] = factor intensity middle car[COUNTRY,TECH]*ageing 2[COUNTRY,TECH]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#245
LI,A
fuel intensity rate 4 ((fuel/km)/Year)
fuel intensity rate 4 [
COUNTRY,TECH] = factor intensity old car[COUNTRY,TECH]*scrappage rate[COUNTRY,TECH]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#246
D
fuel tax diesel (country currency/litre)
fuel tax diesel [
China] = fuel tax diesel-B
fuel tax diesel [FRANCE] = fuel tax diesel-B
fuel tax diesel [Germany] = fuel tax diesel-B
fuel tax diesel [INDIA] = fuel tax diesel-B
fuel tax diesel [JAPAN] = fuel tax diesel-B
fuel tax diesel [US] = fuel tax diesel-B
Description: Amount of tax to be paid when buying a litre of diesel at the filling station .
Source: policy input to be defined by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 3 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#247
D
fuel tax gasoline (country currency/litre)
fuel tax gasoline [
China] = fuel tax gasoline-B
fuel tax gasoline [FRANCE] = fuel tax gasoline-B
fuel tax gasoline [Germany] = fuel tax gasoline-B
fuel tax gasoline [INDIA] = fuel tax gasoline-B
fuel tax gasoline [JAPAN] = fuel tax gasoline-B
fuel tax gasoline [US] = fuel tax gasoline-B
Description: Amount of tax to be paid when buying a litre of gasoline at the filling station .
Source: policy input to be defined by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 3 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#248
F,A

gaining innovativeness (Dmnl/Year)
gaining innovativeness [
COUNTRY,G] = IF THEN ELSE(market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,G]=1:AND:Time=year of technology innovation[G], 100, 0)
gaining innovativeness [COUNTRY,D] = IF THEN ELSE(market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,D]=1:AND:Time=year of technology innovation[D], 100, 0)
gaining innovativeness [COUNTRY,FF] = IF THEN ELSE(market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,FF]=1:AND:Time=year of technology innovation[FF], 100, 0)
gaining innovativeness [COUNTRY,LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,LPG]=1:AND:Time=year of technology innovation[LPG], 100, 0)
gaining innovativeness [COUNTRY,NG] = IF THEN ELSE(market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,NG]=1:AND:Time=year of technology innovation[NG], 100, 0)
gaining innovativeness [COUNTRY,HEV] = IF THEN ELSE(market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,HEV]=1:AND:Time=year of market introduction of hybrid technology[COUNTRY,HEV], 100, 0)
gaining innovativeness [COUNTRY,PHEV] = IF THEN ELSE(market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,PHEV]=1:AND:Time=year of technology innovation[PHEV], 30, 0)
gaining innovativeness [COUNTRY,BEV] = IF THEN ELSE(market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,BEV]=1, 30, 0)
gaining innovativeness [COUNTRY,FC] = IF THEN ELSE(market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,FC]=1:AND:Time=year of technology innovation[FC], 100, 0)
Description: It is assumed that a new technology will experience a rapid increase in the degree of innovativeness .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#249
F,A

gaining popularity (Dmnl/Year)
gaining popularity [
COUNTRY,TECH] = effect of innovativeness on popularity[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: It is assumed that innovative technologies become, ove time, popular .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Degree of Popularity - Degree of popularity, which constraints the purchase decision of maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#250
A
gasoline co2eq by ghg (gCO2eq/litre)
gasoline co2eq by ghg [
CH4] = global warming potential[CH4]*gasoline emission by ghg[CH4]
gasoline co2eq by ghg [CO2] = global warming potential[CO2]*gasoline emission by ghg[CO2]
gasoline co2eq by ghg [N2O] = global warming potential[N2O]*gasoline emission by ghg[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of gasoline after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#251
A
gasoline demand (bbl/Year)
gasoline demand [
COUNTRY] = aggregate gasoline use total car stock[COUNTRY]/gasoline yielded per barrel[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual demand for gasoline, in barrels .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#252
A
gasoline emission by ghg (gram/litre)
gasoline emission by ghg [
CH4] = ENERGY CONTENT GASOLINE*emission factor gasoline[CH4]
gasoline emission by ghg [CO2] = ENERGY CONTENT GASOLINE*emission factor gasoline[CO2]
gasoline emission by ghg [N2O] = ENERGY CONTENT GASOLINE*emission factor gasoline[N2O]
Description: Emissions from burning a litre of gasoline, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • gasoline co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of gasoline after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • TTW CO2 (litre) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#253
A
gasoline price (country currency/litre)
gasoline price [
COUNTRY] = gasoline price before VAT[COUNTRY]*(1+VAT[COUNTRY])
Description: Final gasoline price (end-user, pump), including VAT .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • autogas price - Autogas price proportional to the gasoline price .
  • CNG price - CNG price proportional to the gasoline price .
  • E85 price - E85 price proportional to the gasoline price .
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
  • gasoline price in dollar - Final gasoline price (end-user, pump), expressed in nominal dollars .
  • real gasoline price - Final gasoline price (end-user, pump), expressed in real terms .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#254
A
gasoline price before VAT (country currency/litre)
gasoline price before VAT [
COUNTRY] = gasoline price pretax[COUNTRY]+fuel tax gasoline[COUNTRY]
Description: Gasoline price, including the fuel tax and excluding VAT .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • gasoline price - Final gasoline price (end-user, pump), including VAT .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#255
A
gasoline price in dollar (dollar/litre)
gasoline price in dollar [
COUNTRY] = gasoline price[COUNTRY]/exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: Final gasoline price (end-user, pump), expressed in nominal dollars .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#256
A
gasoline price pretax (country currency/litre)
gasoline price pretax [
COUNTRY] = gasoline price pretax in dollar[COUNTRY]*exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: The official exchange rate is used to translate prices into country currencies .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#257
A
gasoline price pretax in dollar (dollar/litre)
gasoline price pretax in dollar [
COUNTRY] = oil product price per litre*(1+other costs gasoline[COUNTRY])
Description: The pretax gasoline price includes the product price and other gasoline costs, in dollars .
Source: own assumptions based on data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • gasoline price pretax - The official exchange rate is used to translate prices into country currencies .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#258
A
gasoline yielded per barrel (litre/bbl)
gasoline yielded per barrel [
COUNTRY] = litres of oil products per barrel*average YIELD gasoline[COUNTRY]
Description: Amount of gasoline obtained from a barrel of oil .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#259
L
GDP deflator (Dmnl)
GDP deflator [
COUNTRY] = GDP deflator rate[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL GDP DEFLATOR[COUNTRY]]
Description: Level of the GDP deflator at each year, by country .
Source: IMF (2016) and own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#260
F,A

GDP deflator rate (Dmnl/Year)
GDP deflator rate [
COUNTRY] = (inflation[COUNTRY]/100)*GDP deflator[COUNTRY]
Description: Fractional rate of inflation times the level of the GDP deflator .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • GDP deflator - Level of the GDP deflator at each year, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#261
LI,A
German scrappage expenditures rate (country currency/Year)
German scrappage expenditures rate [
Germany,G] = scrappage incentive[Germany,G]*cars scrapped under scrappage scheme[Germany,G]
Description: Annual rate representing the expenditure stream for German car scrappage scheme .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • German Scrappage Fund - Stock variable representing the state of the fund for the German scrappage scheme .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#262
L
German Scrappage Fund (country currency)
German Scrappage Fund [
Germany,G] = German scrappage revenues rate[Germany,G]-German scrappage expenditures rate[Germany,G] dt + [INITIAL SCRAPPAGE FUND[Germany,G]]
Description: Stock variable representing the state of the fund for the German scrappage scheme .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#263
F,A

German scrappage revenues rate (country currency/Year)
German scrappage revenues rate [
Germany,G] = IF THEN ELSE(Time=2007, approval of fund endowment[Germany,G], 0)
Description: Annual rate representing the revenue stream for German car scrappage scheme .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • German Scrappage Fund - Stock variable representing the state of the fund for the German scrappage scheme .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#264
Sub
GHG
:
CH4, CO2, N2O
Present in 5 views: Used by:
  • aggregate CO2eq per autogas - Emissions from burning a litre of autogas, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
  • aggregate CO2eq per cng - Emissions from burning a kg of compressed natural gas, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
  • aggregate CO2eq per diesel - Emissions from burning a litre of diesel, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
  • aggregate CO2eq per E85 - Emissions from burning a litre of ethanol 85, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
  • aggregate CO2eq per electricity - Emissions from using electricity in an electric car, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
  • aggregate CO2eq per gasoline - Emissions from burning a litre of gasoline, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
  • aggregate CO2eq per hydrogen - Emissions from using a kg of hydrogen in a fuel cell car, expressed in grams of CO2 equivalent .
  • autogas co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of autogas after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • autogas emission by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of autogas, by type of GHG .
  • cng co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a kg of compressed natural gas after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • cng emission by ghg - Emissions from burning a kg of compressed natural gas, by type of GHG .
  • diesel co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of diesel after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • diesel emission by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of diesel, by type of GHG .
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • E85 co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of ethanol 85 after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • E85 emission by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of ethanol 85, by type of GHG .
  • electricity co2eq by ghg - Emissions from using electricity in an electric car after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • electricity emission by ghg - Emissions from using electricity in an electric car, by type of GHG .
  • gasoline co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of gasoline after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • gasoline emission by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of gasoline, by type of GHG .
  • hydrogen co2eq by ghg - Emissions from using a kg of hydrogen in a fuel cell car after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • hydrogen emission by ghg - Emissions from using a kg of hydrogen in a fuel cell car, by type of GHG .
  • sum TTW CO2 (kg) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country .
  • sum TTW CO2 (kWh) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by electricity, by country .
  • sum TTW CO2 (litre) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country .
  • total TTW CO2 - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars, by country .
  • total TTW CO2 in megatonnes - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars in MtCO2, by country .
  • TTW CO2 (kg) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country and technology .
  • TTW CO2 (kWh) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by electricity, by country and technology .
  • TTW CO2 (litre) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#265
C
global warming potential (gCO2eq/gram)
global warming potential [
CH4] = 25
global warming potential [CO2] = 1
global warming potential [N2O] = 298
Description: Based on GWP100 metric. Note that (Ball and Wietschel, 2009) use a value of 23 and 296 for CH4 and N2O, respectively (p. 204). .
Source: Table 2.14 on p. 212, IPCC (2007) AR4 WGI Chapter 2
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • autogas co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of autogas after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • cng co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a kg of compressed natural gas after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • diesel co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of diesel after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • E85 co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of ethanol 85 after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • electricity co2eq by ghg - Emissions from using electricity in an electric car after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • gasoline co2eq by ghg - Emissions from burning a litre of gasoline after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • hydrogen co2eq by ghg - Emissions from using a kg of hydrogen in a fuel cell car after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#266
C,D
government expenditure as percentage GDP (Dmnl/Year)
government expenditure as percentage GDP [
China] = 0.3
government expenditure as percentage GDP [FRANCE] = government expenditure as percentage GDP-B
government expenditure as percentage GDP [Germany] = government expenditure as percentage GDP-B
government expenditure as percentage GDP [INDIA] = 0.3
government expenditure as percentage GDP [JAPAN] = government expenditure as percentage GDP-B
government expenditure as percentage GDP [US] = government expenditure as percentage GDP-B
Description: As a percentage of GDP
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#267
C,D
government revenue as percentage GDP (Dmnl/Year)
government revenue as percentage GDP [
China] = 0.3
government revenue as percentage GDP [FRANCE] = government revenue as percentage GDP-B
government revenue as percentage GDP [Germany] = government revenue as percentage GDP-B
government revenue as percentage GDP [INDIA] = 0.3
government revenue as percentage GDP [JAPAN] = government revenue as percentage GDP-B
government revenue as percentage GDP [US] = government revenue as percentage GDP-B
Description: As a percentage of GDP
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#268
C
grams per megatonne (gCO2eq/MtCO2eq)
= 1e+012
Present in 2 views:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#269
C
grams per megatonne of CO2 (gram/MtCO2)
= 1e+012
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#270
A
H2 price (country currency/kg)
H2 price [
COUNTRY] = H2 price in dollar[COUNTRY]*exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: Assumed hydrogen price, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • energy cost per km - Energy cost per km driven calculated as a function of the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and the end-user price of the fuel, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#271
C
H2 price in dollar (dollar/kg)
H2 price in dollar [
COUNTRY] = 8.7
Description: Assumed hydrogen price in dollars, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • H2 price - Assumed hydrogen price, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#272
LI,F,A

H2 stations construction rate (station/Year)
H2 stations construction rate [
COUNTRY,FC] = Public H2 filling stations under construction[COUNTRY,FC]/AVERAGE TIME TO BUILD H2 INFRASTRUCTURE[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Annual deployment rate of hydrogen filling stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#273
F,A

H2 stations planning rate (station/Year)
H2 stations planning rate [
COUNTRY,FC] = new H2 filling stations[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Annual planning rate of hydrogen filling stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#274
L
Habit first (Dmnl)
Habit first [
COUNTRY] = innovators to habit[COUNTRY]+"low-cost to habit"[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL HABIT FIRST[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock of consumers that can be characterised as habit-oriented purchasers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#275
L
Habit repeat (Dmnl)
Habit repeat [
COUNTRY] = innovators to habit repeat[COUNTRY]+"low-cost to habit repeat"[COUNTRY]-habit to maximisers repeat[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL HABIT REPEAT[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock of consumers that can be characterised as habit-oriented purchasers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#276
C,F

habit to maximisers repeat (Dmnl/Year)
habit to maximisers repeat [
China] = 0
habit to maximisers repeat [FRANCE] = 0
habit to maximisers repeat [Germany] = 0
habit to maximisers repeat [INDIA] = 0
habit to maximisers repeat [JAPAN] = 0.005
habit to maximisers repeat [US] = 0.01
Description: Flow of habit-oriented purchasers that may become maximisers over time. Applicable to repeated purchases only .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Habit repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as habit-oriented purchasers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
  • Utility maximisers repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as utility maximisers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#277
D
high oil price scenario (dollar/bbl)
Description: Nominal Petroleum Prices: Crude Oil: Brent Spot. Nominal dollars. 'High oil price' scenario. .
Source: Annual Energy Outlook 2015, U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#278
L
High-income innovators first (Dmnl)
High-income innovators first [
COUNTRY] = maximisers to innovators[COUNTRY]-innovators to habit[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL INNOVATORS FIRST[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock of consumers that can be characterised as innovators who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#279
L
High-income innovators repeat (Dmnl)
High-income innovators repeat [
COUNTRY] = maximisers to innovators repeat[COUNTRY]-innovators to habit repeat[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL INNOVATORS REPEAT[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock of consumers that can be characterised as innovators who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#280
D
historical EV sales rate other countries (car/Year)
historical EV sales rate other countries [
PHEV] = historical EV sales rate other countries-B
historical EV sales rate other countries [BEV] = historical EV sales rate other countries-B
Description: Historical sales of battery and plug-in hybrid electric cars in the remaining markets .
Source: EVI (2017)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#281
D
historical EV sales rate six countries (car/Year)
historical EV sales rate six countries [
PHEV] = historical EV sales rate six countries-B
historical EV sales rate six countries [BEV] = historical EV sales rate six countries-B
Description: Historical sales of battery and plug-in hybrid electric cars in China, France, Germany, India, Japan and the US .
Source: EVI (2017)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#282
F,A

historical world EV sales rate (car/Year)
historical world EV sales rate [
PHEV] = historical EV sales rate six countries[PHEV]+historical EV sales rate other countries[PHEV]
historical world EV sales rate [BEV] = historical EV sales rate six countries[BEV]+historical EV sales rate other countries[BEV]
Description: Historical sales of battery and plug-in hybrid electric cars in the world .
Source: EVI (2017)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • historical world EV stock - Historical cumulative sales of battery and plug-in hybrid electric cars in the world .
  • world production rate - Number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#283
L
historical world EV stock (car)
historical world EV stock [
PHEV] = historical world EV sales rate[PHEV] dt + [1]
historical world EV stock [BEV] = historical world EV sales rate[BEV] dt + [1]
Description: Historical cumulative sales of battery and plug-in hybrid electric cars in the world .
Source: EVI (2017)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#284
A
hydrogen co2eq by ghg (gCO2eq/kg)
hydrogen co2eq by ghg [
CH4] = global warming potential[CH4]*hydrogen emission by ghg[CH4]
hydrogen co2eq by ghg [CO2] = global warming potential[CO2]*hydrogen emission by ghg[CO2]
hydrogen co2eq by ghg [N2O] = global warming potential[N2O]*hydrogen emission by ghg[N2O]
Description: Emissions from using a kg of hydrogen in a fuel cell car after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#285
A
hydrogen emission by ghg (gram/kg)
hydrogen emission by ghg [
CH4] = ENERGY CONTENT HYDROGEN*emission factor hydrogen[CH4]
hydrogen emission by ghg [CO2] = ENERGY CONTENT HYDROGEN*emission factor hydrogen[CO2]
hydrogen emission by ghg [N2O] = ENERGY CONTENT HYDROGEN*emission factor hydrogen[N2O]
Description: Emissions from using a kg of hydrogen in a fuel cell car, by type of GHG .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • hydrogen co2eq by ghg - Emissions from using a kg of hydrogen in a fuel cell car after taking the GWP into account, by type of GHG .
  • TTW CO2 (kg) - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#286
A
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car (gCO2eq/km)
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car [
COUNTRY,G] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,G]*average upstream co2eq from oil extraction[COUNTRY]
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,D] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,D]*average upstream co2eq from oil extraction[COUNTRY]
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,FF] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,FF]*UPSTREAM CO2eq FROM BIOFUEL PRODUCTION[COUNTRY]
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,LPG] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,LPG]*UPSTREAM CO2eq FROM AUTOGAS PRODUCTION[COUNTRY]
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,NG] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,NG]*UPSTREAM CO2eq FROM NATURAL GAS EXTRACTION[COUNTRY]
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,HEV] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,HEV]*average upstream co2eq from oil extraction[COUNTRY]
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,PHEV] = (PHEV SHARE OF GASOLINE DRIVING[COUNTRY]*(fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,PHEV]*average upstream co2eq from oil extraction[COUNTRY]) )+(PHEV SHARE OF ELECTRIC DRIVING[COUNTRY]*(fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,PHEV] *average carbon intensity grid[COUNTRY]))
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,BEV] = fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,BEV]*average carbon intensity grid[COUNTRY]
indirect CO2eq emission per km new car [COUNTRY,FC] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,FC]*UPSTREAM CO2eq FROM HYDROGEN PRODUCTION[COUNTRY]
Description: Well-to-tank emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#287
C
indirect crude oil emissions (gCO2eq/MJ)
indirect crude oil emissions [
COUNTRY] = 10
Description: Average value (note: wide intervals shown in the source) .
Source: ICCT (2015)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#288
C
indirect land use change CO2eq from biofuel production (gCO2eq/MJ [14,231])
indirect land use change CO2eq from biofuel production [
COUNTRY] = 34
Description: Default value corresponds to 1G ethanol production from wheat. The available range goes from 14 (from maize) to 231 (from palm oil) .
Source: Ecofys (2016)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#289
C
industry acceptance of forecasts (Dmnl)
industry acceptance of forecasts [
COUNTRY] = 1
Description: Assumed degree of acceptance by industry of car ownership forecasts, by country. The default value is 1, reflecting full acceptance .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • desired aggregate total car stock - Because the projected aggregate total car stock across the six countries is growing, the forecasts are embraced by industry and aggregate total car stock is reformulated as a desired value .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#290
C
industry margin (Dmnl)
= 0.05
Description: Assumed industry margin per component sold. Default assumption: 5% .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#291
D
inflation (1/Year)
inflation [
China] = inflation-B
inflation [FRANCE] = inflation-B
inflation [Germany] = inflation-B
inflation [INDIA] = inflation-B
inflation [JAPAN] = inflation-B
inflation [US] = inflation-B
Description: Fractional rate of inflation, by country .
Source: IMF (2016) and own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • GDP deflator rate - Fractional rate of inflation times the level of the GDP deflator .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#292
A
infrastructure availability (Dmnl)
infrastructure availability [
COUNTRY,G] = IF THEN ELSE(CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]>0, 1, 0)
infrastructure availability [COUNTRY,D] = IF THEN ELSE(CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,D]>0, 1, 0)
infrastructure availability [COUNTRY,FF] = IF THEN ELSE(Alternative fuel filling stations[COUNTRY,FF]>0, 1, 0)
infrastructure availability [COUNTRY,LPG] = IF THEN ELSE(Alternative fuel filling stations[COUNTRY,LPG]>0, 1, 0)
infrastructure availability [COUNTRY,NG] = IF THEN ELSE(Alternative fuel filling stations[COUNTRY,NG]>0, 1, 0)
infrastructure availability [COUNTRY,HEV] = IF THEN ELSE(CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,HEV]>0, 1, 0)
infrastructure availability [COUNTRY,PHEV] = IF THEN ELSE(CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,PHEV]>0, 1, 0)
infrastructure availability [COUNTRY,BEV] = IF THEN ELSE(public total EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]>0, 1, 0)
infrastructure availability [COUNTRY,FC] = IF THEN ELSE(Public H2 filling stations[COUNTRY,FC]>0, 1, 0)
Description: Binary formulation to reflect whether filling/recharging infrastructure for each technology is available, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#293
I
INITIAL average annual vkt by car ((km/car)/Year)
INITIAL average annual vkt by car [
COUNTRY] = INITIAL(average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY])
Description: Initial value of the average annual VKT by car, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#294
C
INITIAL BATTERY COST per kWh on first year (dollar/(kW*h))
= 1500
Description: Battery cost at the start of the simulation period .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#295
LI,C
INITIAL CV FUND (country currency)
INITIAL CV FUND [
China] = 0
INITIAL CV FUND [FRANCE] = 0
INITIAL CV FUND [Germany] = 0
INITIAL CV FUND [INDIA] = 0
INITIAL CV FUND [JAPAN] = 0
INITIAL CV FUND [US] = 0
Description: Initial value of the conventional vehicle fund, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CV Fund - Stock variable representing the state of the fund for conventional vehicles .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#296
D
initial degree of innovativeness (Dmnl)
initial degree of innovativeness [
COUNTRY,TECH] = initial degree of innovativeness-B
Description: Initial value of the degree of innovativeness, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#297
D
initial degree of popularity (Dmnl)
initial degree of popularity [
COUNTRY,TECH] = initial degree of popularity-B
Description: Initial value of the degree of popularity, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Degree of Popularity - Degree of popularity, which constraints the purchase decision of maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#298
I
INITIAL DIESEL PRICE (country currency/litre)
INITIAL DIESEL PRICE [
COUNTRY] = INITIAL(diesel price before VAT[COUNTRY])
Description: Initial value of the diesel price before VAT .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#299
I
initial electricity generation share coal (Dmnl)
initial electricity generation share coal [
COUNTRY] = INITIAL(electricity generation share coal[COUNTRY])
Description: Initial value of the share of electricity generated by coal, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#300
I
initial electricity generation share natural gas (Dmnl)
initial electricity generation share natural gas [
COUNTRY] = INITIAL(electricity generation share natural gas[COUNTRY])
Description: Initial value of the share of electricity generated by natural gas, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#301
I
initial electricity generation share nuclear (Dmnl)
initial electricity generation share nuclear [
COUNTRY] = INITIAL(electricity generation share nuclear[COUNTRY])
Description: Initial value of the share of electricity generated by nuclear energy, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#302
I
initial electricity generation share oil (Dmnl)
initial electricity generation share oil [
COUNTRY] = INITIAL(electricity generation share oil[COUNTRY])
Description: Initial value of the share of electricity generated by oil, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#303
I
initial electricity generation share renewables (Dmnl)
initial electricity generation share renewables [
COUNTRY] = INITIAL(electricity generation share renewables[COUNTRY])
Description: Initial value of the share of electricity generated by renewable energy sources, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#304
C
INITIAL E-MOBILITY FUND (country currency)
INITIAL E-MOBILITY FUND [
China] = 1.5e+010
INITIAL E-MOBILITY FUND [FRANCE] = 2e+008
INITIAL E-MOBILITY FUND [Germany] = 2e+008
INITIAL E-MOBILITY FUND [INDIA] = 6e+008
INITIAL E-MOBILITY FUND [JAPAN] = 1e+011
INITIAL E-MOBILITY FUND [US] = 8e+008
Description: Initial value of the electro-mobility fund, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • E-Mobility Fund - Stock variable representing the state of the fund for promoting electro-mobility .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#305
C
INITIAL EV BATTERY CAPACITY (kWh) ((kW*h)/battery [0,?,1000])
INITIAL EV BATTERY CAPACITY (kWh) [
PHEV] = 8
INITIAL EV BATTERY CAPACITY (kWh) [BEV] = 24
Description: Initial values of the electric vehicle battery capacity. For example, the Audia A3 e-Tron (PHEV) has 8.8 kWh and the first-generation Nissan Leaf (BEV) had 24 kWh .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 5 views: Used by:
  • EV battery capacity (kWh) - Electric vehicle battery capacity, determined by the initial values and increases in capacity over time .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#306
I
initial expected aggregate industry experience (kW*h)
= INITIAL(
expected aggregate industry experience)
Description: Initial value of cumulative experience in battery manufacturing .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#307
D
INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY MIDDLE CAR STOCK ((fuel/km)/car)
INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY MIDDLE CAR STOCK [
COUNTRY,TECH] = INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY MIDDLE CAR STOCK-B
Description: Initial values on fuel intensity of the stock of cars with more than 1 year but less than 9 years, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#308
I
initial fuel intensity new car (kg) (kg/km)
initial fuel intensity new car (kg) [
COUNTRY,NG] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,NG])
initial fuel intensity new car (kg) [COUNTRY,FC] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,FC])
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#309
I
initial fuel intensity new car (kWh) ((kW*h)/km)
initial fuel intensity new car (kWh) [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,PHEV])
initial fuel intensity new car (kWh) [COUNTRY,BEV] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,BEV])
Description: Initial fuel intensity value of the average new car using electricity .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#310
I
initial fuel intensity new car (litre) (litre/km)
initial fuel intensity new car (litre) [
COUNTRY,G] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,G])
initial fuel intensity new car (litre) [COUNTRY,D] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,D])
initial fuel intensity new car (litre) [COUNTRY,FF] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,FF])
initial fuel intensity new car (litre) [COUNTRY,LPG] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,LPG])
initial fuel intensity new car (litre) [COUNTRY,HEV] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,HEV])
initial fuel intensity new car (litre) [COUNTRY,PHEV] = INITIAL(fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,PHEV])
Description: Desired rate of strengthening of new gasoline emission standards. It applies only to the the period not covered by approved legislation (e.g. in EU from 2021) [Policy input to be defined by the model user]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#311
D
INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY NEW CAR STOCK ((fuel/km)/car)
INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY NEW CAR STOCK [
COUNTRY,TECH] = INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY NEW CAR STOCK-B
Description: Initial values on fuel intensity of the stock of cars with 1 year or less, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#312
D
INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY OLD CAR STOCK ((fuel/km)/car)
INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY OLD CAR STOCK [
COUNTRY,TECH] = INITIAL FUEL INTENSITY OLD CAR STOCK-B
Description: Initial values on fuel intensity of the stock of cars with with 9 years or more, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#313
I
initial gasoline price (country currency/litre)
initial gasoline price [
COUNTRY] = INITIAL(real gasoline price[COUNTRY])
Description: Initial value of the real gasoline price .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#314
LI,C
INITIAL GDP DEFLATOR (Dmnl)
INITIAL GDP DEFLATOR [
China] = 66.45
INITIAL GDP DEFLATOR [FRANCE] = 83.835
INITIAL GDP DEFLATOR [Germany] = 89.925
INITIAL GDP DEFLATOR [INDIA] = 54.973
INITIAL GDP DEFLATOR [JAPAN] = 107.373
INITIAL GDP DEFLATOR [US] = 81.887
Description: Initial value of GDP deflator, by country .
Source: IMF (2016)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • GDP deflator - Level of the GDP deflator at each year, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#315
LI,C
INITIAL HABIT FIRST (Dmnl)
INITIAL HABIT FIRST [
China] = 0
INITIAL HABIT FIRST [FRANCE] = 0
INITIAL HABIT FIRST [Germany] = 0
INITIAL HABIT FIRST [INDIA] = 0
INITIAL HABIT FIRST [JAPAN] = 0
INITIAL HABIT FIRST [US] = 0
Description: Initial value of the segment of habit-oriented purchasers making first-time purchases, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Habit first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as habit-oriented purchasers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#316
LI,C
INITIAL HABIT REPEAT (Dmnl)
INITIAL HABIT REPEAT [
China] = 0.7
INITIAL HABIT REPEAT [FRANCE] = 0.2
INITIAL HABIT REPEAT [Germany] = 0.7
INITIAL HABIT REPEAT [INDIA] = 0.4
INITIAL HABIT REPEAT [JAPAN] = 0.3
INITIAL HABIT REPEAT [US] = 0.9
Description: Initial value of the segment of habit-oriented purchasers who make repeated purchases, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Habit repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as habit-oriented purchasers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#317
LI,C
INITIAL INNOVATORS FIRST (Dmnl)
INITIAL INNOVATORS FIRST [
China] = 0
INITIAL INNOVATORS FIRST [FRANCE] = 0
INITIAL INNOVATORS FIRST [Germany] = 0
INITIAL INNOVATORS FIRST [INDIA] = 0
INITIAL INNOVATORS FIRST [JAPAN] = 0
INITIAL INNOVATORS FIRST [US] = 0
Description: Initial value of the segment of innovators making first-time purchases, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • High-income innovators first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as innovators who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#318
LI,C
INITIAL INNOVATORS REPEAT (Dmnl)
INITIAL INNOVATORS REPEAT [
China] = 0.01
INITIAL INNOVATORS REPEAT [FRANCE] = 0.01
INITIAL INNOVATORS REPEAT [Germany] = 0.01
INITIAL INNOVATORS REPEAT [INDIA] = 0.01
INITIAL INNOVATORS REPEAT [JAPAN] = 0.01
INITIAL INNOVATORS REPEAT [US] = 0.01
Description: Initial value of the segment of innovators who make repeated purchases, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • High-income innovators repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as innovators who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#319
C
INITIAL LOW-COST FIRST (Dmnl)
INITIAL LOW-COST FIRST [
China] = 1
INITIAL LOW-COST FIRST [FRANCE] = 1
INITIAL LOW-COST FIRST [Germany] = 1
INITIAL LOW-COST FIRST [INDIA] = 1
INITIAL LOW-COST FIRST [JAPAN] = 1
INITIAL LOW-COST FIRST [US] = 1
Description: Initial value of the segment of low-cost purchasers making first-time purchases, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Low-income low-cost first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as low-cost purchasers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#320
C
INITIAL LOW-COST REPEAT (Dmnl)
INITIAL LOW-COST REPEAT [
China] = 0.05
INITIAL LOW-COST REPEAT [FRANCE] = 0.05
INITIAL LOW-COST REPEAT [Germany] = 0.05
INITIAL LOW-COST REPEAT [INDIA] = 0.05
INITIAL LOW-COST REPEAT [JAPAN] = 0.05
INITIAL LOW-COST REPEAT [US] = 0.025
Description: Initial value of the segment of low-cost purchasers who make repeated purchases, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Low-income low-cost repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as low-income purchasers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#321
LI,C
INITIAL MAXIMISERS FIRST (Dmnl)
INITIAL MAXIMISERS FIRST [
China] = 0
INITIAL MAXIMISERS FIRST [FRANCE] = 0
INITIAL MAXIMISERS FIRST [Germany] = 0
INITIAL MAXIMISERS FIRST [INDIA] = 0
INITIAL MAXIMISERS FIRST [JAPAN] = 0
INITIAL MAXIMISERS FIRST [US] = 0
Description: Initial value of the segment of maximisers making first-time purchases, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Utility maximisers first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as utility maximisers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#322
LI,C
INITIAL MAXIMISERS REPEAT (Dmnl)
INITIAL MAXIMISERS REPEAT [
China] = 0.24
INITIAL MAXIMISERS REPEAT [FRANCE] = 0.74
INITIAL MAXIMISERS REPEAT [Germany] = 0.24
INITIAL MAXIMISERS REPEAT [INDIA] = 0.54
INITIAL MAXIMISERS REPEAT [JAPAN] = 0.64
INITIAL MAXIMISERS REPEAT [US] = 0.065
Description: Initial value of the segment of maximisers who make repeated purchases, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Utility maximisers repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as utility maximisers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#323
LI,D
INITIAL MIDDLE CAR STOCK (car)
INITIAL MIDDLE CAR STOCK [
COUNTRY,TECH] = INITIAL MIDDLE CAR STOCK-B
Description: Initial values of the stock of cars with more than 1 year but less than 9 years, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#324
LI,D
INITIAL NEW CAR STOCK (car)
INITIAL NEW CAR STOCK [
COUNTRY,TECH] = INITIAL NEW CAR STOCK-B
Description: Initial values of the stock of cars with 1 year or less, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#325
I
initial number of technologies available in the market (Dmnl)
initial number of technologies available in the market [
COUNTRY] = INITIAL(number of technologies available in the market[COUNTRY])
Description: Initial value of the number of technologies available in each market .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#326
LI,C
INITIAL oil extraction share conventional (Dmnl)
INITIAL oil extraction share conventional [
China] = 0.9
INITIAL oil extraction share conventional [FRANCE] = 0.9
INITIAL oil extraction share conventional [Germany] = 0.9
INITIAL oil extraction share conventional [INDIA] = 0.9
INITIAL oil extraction share conventional [JAPAN] = 0.9
INITIAL oil extraction share conventional [US] = 0.9
Description: Initial value reflecting the assumption that 90% of the oil extracted is conventional .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#327
LI,D
INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK (car)
INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK [
COUNTRY,TECH] = INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK-B
Description: Initial values of the stock of cars with 9 years or more, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#328
C
INITIAL PUBLIC FAST EVSE (station)
INITIAL PUBLIC FAST EVSE [
COUNTRY,BEV] = 0
Description: Initial value of the number of public fast recharging stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#329
C
INITIAL PUBLIC H2 CONSTRUCTION (station)
INITIAL PUBLIC H2 CONSTRUCTION [
COUNTRY,FC] = 0
Description: Initial value of the number of hydrogen filling stations under construction, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#330
C
INITIAL PUBLIC H2 FILLING STATIONS (station)
INITIAL PUBLIC H2 FILLING STATIONS [
COUNTRY,FC] = 0
Description: Initial value of the number of hydrogen filling stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#331
C
INITIAL PUBLIC SLOW EVSE (station)
INITIAL PUBLIC SLOW EVSE [
COUNTRY,BEV] = 0
Description: Initial value of the number of public slow recharging stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#332
LI,C
INITIAL REAL GDP (country currency)
INITIAL REAL GDP [
China] = 1.51e+013
INITIAL REAL GDP [FRANCE] = 1.77e+012
INITIAL REAL GDP [Germany] = 2.35e+012
INITIAL REAL GDP [INDIA] = 3.96e+013
INITIAL REAL GDP [JAPAN] = 4.75e+014
INITIAL REAL GDP [US] = 1.26e+013
Description: Initial value of real GDP, by country .
Source: IMF (2016)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • real GDP - Size of the economy, measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), at each year, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#333
I
Initial real GDP per capita (country currency/passenger)
Initial real GDP per capita [
China] = INITIAL(real GDP per capita[China])
Initial real GDP per capita [Germany] = INITIAL(real GDP per capita[Germany])
Initial real GDP per capita [US] = INITIAL(real GDP per capita[US])
Initial real GDP per capita [FRANCE] = INITIAL(real GDP per capita[FRANCE])
Initial real GDP per capita [JAPAN] = INITIAL(real GDP per capita[JAPAN])
Initial real GDP per capita [INDIA] = INITIAL(real GDP per capita[INDIA])
Description: Initial value of real GDP per capita, expressed in country currency, by country. The unit 'passenger' (common metric in transport statistics) is used instead of 'person' for dimensional consistency .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#334
C
INITIAL SCRAPPAGE FUND (country currency)
INITIAL SCRAPPAGE FUND [
Germany,G] = 0
Description: Initial value of the German car scrappage scheme .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • German Scrappage Fund - Stock variable representing the state of the fund for the German scrappage scheme .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#335
LI,C
INITIAL SHARE OF FIRST SALES (Dmnl)
INITIAL SHARE OF FIRST SALES [
China] = 0.8
INITIAL SHARE OF FIRST SALES [FRANCE] = 0.1
INITIAL SHARE OF FIRST SALES [Germany] = 0.1
INITIAL SHARE OF FIRST SALES [INDIA] = 0.8
INITIAL SHARE OF FIRST SALES [JAPAN] = 0.1
INITIAL SHARE OF FIRST SALES [US] = 0.1
Description: Initial value of the share of car purchases considered to be 'first sales', by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Share of first sales - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as 'first-time' car purchasers, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#336
LI,C
INITIAL SHARE OF REPEATED SALES (Dmnl)
INITIAL SHARE OF REPEATED SALES [
China] = 0.2
INITIAL SHARE OF REPEATED SALES [FRANCE] = 0.9
INITIAL SHARE OF REPEATED SALES [Germany] = 0.9
INITIAL SHARE OF REPEATED SALES [INDIA] = 0.2
INITIAL SHARE OF REPEATED SALES [JAPAN] = 0.9
INITIAL SHARE OF REPEATED SALES [US] = 0.9
Description: Initial value of the share of car purchases considered to be 'repeated sales', by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Share of repeated sales - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as 'repeating' car purchasers, expressed as a share of the market .
Default Control #337
C
INITIAL TIME (Year)
= 2000
Description: The initial time for the simulation.
Not Present In Any View
Used by:
  • Time - Internally defined simulation time.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#338
C
initial value alternative fuel filling stations (station)
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [
China,FF] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [China,LPG] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [China,NG] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [FRANCE,FF] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [FRANCE,LPG] = 1200
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [FRANCE,NG] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [Germany,FF] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [Germany,LPG] = 30
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [Germany,NG] = 150
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [INDIA,FF] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [INDIA,LPG] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [INDIA,NG] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [JAPAN,FF] = 1
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [JAPAN,LPG] = 1800
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [JAPAN,NG] = 30
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [US,FF] = 113
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [US,LPG] = 3268
initial value alternative fuel filling stations [US,NG] = 1217
Description: Initial values of the number of alternative fuels stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#339
C,F

innovators to habit (Dmnl/Year)
innovators to habit [
COUNTRY] = 0
Description: Flow of innovators that may become habit-oriented purchasers over time. Applicable to first time purchases only .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Habit first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as habit-oriented purchasers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
  • High-income innovators first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as innovators who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#340
C,F

innovators to habit repeat (Dmnl/Year)
innovators to habit repeat [
COUNTRY] = 0
Description: Flow of innovators that may become habit-oriented purchasers over time. Applicable to repeated purchases only .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Habit repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as habit-oriented purchasers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
  • High-income innovators repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as innovators who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#341
C
kWh per GWh ((kW*h)/(GW*h))
= 1e+006
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#342
C
kWh per TWh ((kW*h)/(TW*h))
= 1e+009
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#343
C
land area (km*km)
land area [
China] = 9.32641e+006
land area [FRANCE] = 549970
land area [Germany] = 348672
land area [INDIA] = 2.97319e+006
land area [JAPAN] = 364485
land area [US] = 9.14759e+006
Description: Size of each country. Note that the value for France refers to 'Metropolitan France'
Source: The World Factbook, CIA, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2147.html
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#344
A
learning curve (Dmnl)
= IF THEN ELSE(Time<2006, 0, LN(1-
COST REDUCTION FRACTION)/LN(2))
Description: Simulated learning curve, determined by the assumed cost reduction fraction .
Source: Sterman (2000: 338)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#345
A
lifecycle CO2eq (kg) (gCO2eq/Year)
lifecycle CO2eq (kg) [
COUNTRY,NG] = "WTW CO2eq (kg)"[COUNTRY,NG]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,NG]
lifecycle CO2eq (kg) [COUNTRY,FC] = "WTW CO2eq (kg)"[COUNTRY,FC]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#346
A
lifecycle CO2eq (kWh) (gCO2eq/Year)
lifecycle CO2eq (kWh) [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = "WTW CO2eq (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
lifecycle CO2eq (kWh) [COUNTRY,BEV] = "WTW CO2eq (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars powered by electricity, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#347
A
lifecycle CO2eq (litre) (gCO2eq/Year)
lifecycle CO2eq (litre) [
COUNTRY,G] = "WTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,G]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,G]
lifecycle CO2eq (litre) [COUNTRY,D] = "WTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,D]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,D]
lifecycle CO2eq (litre) [COUNTRY,FF] = "WTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,FF]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,FF]
lifecycle CO2eq (litre) [COUNTRY,LPG] = "WTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,LPG]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,LPG]
lifecycle CO2eq (litre) [COUNTRY,HEV] = "WTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,HEV]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,HEV]
lifecycle CO2eq (litre) [COUNTRY,PHEV] = "WTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]+"total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
Description: Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#348
C
LITRES OF CRUDE PER BARREL (litre/bbl)
= 159
Description: Number of litres contained in a barrel of oil
Source: IEA
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#349
A
litres of oil products per barrel (litre/bbl)
=
LITRES OF CRUDE PER BARREL*(1+refinery oil processing gain)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#350
LI,A
losing innovativeness (Dmnl/Year)
losing innovativeness [
COUNTRY,TECH] = Degree of Innovativeness[COUNTRY,TECH]/LOSING TIME[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: It is assumed that the degree of innovativeness depletes over time using the concept of "losing innovativeness"
Source: Own Assumption
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#351
LI,A
losing popularity (Dmnl/Year)
losing popularity [
COUNTRY,TECH] = Degree of Popularity[COUNTRY,TECH]/LOSING TIME FOR POPULARITY[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: It is assumed that the degree of popularity depletes over time using the concept of "losing popularity" .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Degree of Popularity - Degree of popularity, which constraints the purchase decision of maximisers .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#352
C
LOSING TIME (Year)
LOSING TIME [
COUNTRY,TECH] = 5
Description: It is assumed that the degree of innovativeness fades away over time, using a 5-year losing time
Source: Own Assumption
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • losing innovativeness - It is assumed that the degree of innovativeness depletes over time using the concept of "losing innovativeness"
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#353
C
LOSING TIME FOR POPULARITY (Year)
LOSING TIME FOR POPULARITY [
COUNTRY,TECH] = 10
Description: It is assumed that the degree of popularity fades away over time, using a 10-year losing time .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • losing popularity - It is assumed that the degree of popularity depletes over time using the concept of "losing popularity" .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#354
D
low oil price scenario (dollar/bbl)
Description: Nominal Petroleum Prices: Crude Oil: Brent Spot. Nominal dollars. 'Low oil price' scenario. .
Source: Annual Energy Outlook 2015, U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#355
C
low-cost to habit (Dmnl/Year)
low-cost to habit [
COUNTRY] = 0
Description: Flow of low-cost purchasers that may become habit-oriented purchasers over time. Applicable to first time purchases only .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Habit first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as habit-oriented purchasers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
  • Low-income low-cost first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as low-cost purchasers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#356
C
low-cost to habit repeat (Dmnl/Year)
low-cost to habit repeat [
COUNTRY] = 0
Description: Flow of low-cost purchasers that may become habit-oriented purchasers over time. Applicable to repeated purchases only .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Habit repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as habit-oriented purchasers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
  • Low-income low-cost repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as low-income purchasers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#357
C
low-cost to maximisers (Dmnl/Year)
low-cost to maximisers [
COUNTRY] = 0
Description: Flow of low-cost purchasers that may become maximisers over time. Applicable to first time purchases only .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Low-income low-cost first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as low-cost purchasers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
  • Utility maximisers first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as utility maximisers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#358
C
low-cost to maximisers repeat (Dmnl/Year)
low-cost to maximisers repeat [
COUNTRY] = 0
Description: Flow of low-cost purchasers that may become maximisers over time. Applicable to repeated purchases only .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Low-income low-cost repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as low-income purchasers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
  • Utility maximisers repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as utility maximisers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#359
L
Low-income low-cost first (Dmnl)
Low-income low-cost first [
COUNTRY] = -"low-cost to habit"[COUNTRY]-"low-cost to maximisers"[COUNTRY] dt + ["INITIAL LOW-COST FIRST"[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock of consumers that can be characterised as low-cost purchasers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#360
L
Low-income low-cost repeat (Dmnl)
Low-income low-cost repeat [
COUNTRY] = -"low-cost to habit repeat"[COUNTRY]-"low-cost to maximisers repeat"[COUNTRY] dt + ["INITIAL LOW-COST REPEAT"[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock of consumers that can be characterised as low-income purchasers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#361
A
maintenance cost BEV (country currency/car)
maintenance cost BEV [
COUNTRY,BEV] = maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement[COUNTRY,BEV]+total battery cost BEV[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Assumed maintenance cost over the BEV lifetime, including the replacement of the battery .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#362
A
maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement (country currency/car)
maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement [
COUNTRY,BEV] = annual maintenance cost BEV excluding battery replacement[COUNTRY,BEV]*total average car lifetime[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Assumed maintenance cost over the BEV lifetime, excluding the replacement of the battery .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • maintenance cost BEV - Assumed maintenance cost over the BEV lifetime, including the replacement of the battery .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#363
A
maintenance cost excluding BEV (country currency/car)
maintenance cost excluding BEV [
COUNTRY,TECH] = annual maintenance cost excluding BEV[COUNTRY]*total average car lifetime[COUNTRY,TECH]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#364
A
maintenance cost over lifetime (country currency/car)
maintenance cost over lifetime [
COUNTRY,G] = maintenance cost excluding BEV[COUNTRY,G]
maintenance cost over lifetime [COUNTRY,D] = maintenance cost excluding BEV[COUNTRY,D]
maintenance cost over lifetime [COUNTRY,FF] = maintenance cost excluding BEV[COUNTRY,FF]
maintenance cost over lifetime [COUNTRY,LPG] = maintenance cost excluding BEV[COUNTRY,LPG]
maintenance cost over lifetime [COUNTRY,NG] = maintenance cost excluding BEV[COUNTRY,NG]
maintenance cost over lifetime [COUNTRY,HEV] = maintenance cost excluding BEV[COUNTRY,HEV]
maintenance cost over lifetime [COUNTRY,PHEV] = maintenance cost excluding BEV[COUNTRY,PHEV]
maintenance cost over lifetime [COUNTRY,BEV] = maintenance cost BEV[COUNTRY,BEV]
maintenance cost over lifetime [COUNTRY,FC] = maintenance cost excluding BEV[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Assumed total maintenance cost over the car lifetime, by country and tech .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • usage cost over lifetime - Usage or operating cost over the car lifetime, defined as the sum of total driving and maintenance costs, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#365
A
market introduction of technology (Dmnl)
market introduction of technology [
COUNTRY,G] = commercial interest in introducing technology in the market[COUNTRY,G]
market introduction of technology [COUNTRY,D] = commercial interest in introducing technology in the market[COUNTRY,D]
market introduction of technology [COUNTRY,FF] = commercial interest in introducing technology in the market[COUNTRY,FF]
market introduction of technology [COUNTRY,LPG] = commercial interest in introducing technology in the market[COUNTRY,LPG]
market introduction of technology [COUNTRY,NG] = commercial interest in introducing technology in the market[COUNTRY,NG]
market introduction of technology [COUNTRY,HEV] = IF THEN ELSE(Time>=year of market introduction of hybrid technology[COUNTRY,HEV], 1,0)
market introduction of technology [COUNTRY,PHEV] = commercial interest in introducing technology in the market[COUNTRY,PHEV]
market introduction of technology [COUNTRY,BEV] = commercial interest in introducing technology in the market[COUNTRY,BEV]
market introduction of technology [COUNTRY,FC] = commercial interest in introducing technology in the market[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: This variable now takes into account hybrid (HEV) tech, for which new infrastructure was not needed and market introduction years differ among countries .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#366
A
market share from innovators (Dmnl)
market share from innovators [
COUNTRY,TECH] = utility innovators[COUNTRY,TECH]/sum of utility innovators[COUNTRY]
Description: It is assumed that the segment of innovators buy the powertrain with the highest degree of innovativeness .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#367
A
market share low-cost (Dmnl)
market share low-cost [
COUNTRY,TECH] = IF THEN ELSE(cheapest powertrain[COUNTRY,TECH]=relative purchase price[COUNTRY,TECH], 1, 0)
Description: It is assumed that the segment of low-cost purchasers buy the cheapest powertrain available .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#368
A
market share repeat habit (Dmnl)
market share repeat habit [
China,TECH] = scrappage rate[China,TECH]/aggregate scrappage[China]
market share repeat habit [FRANCE,TECH] = scrappage rate[FRANCE,TECH]/aggregate scrappage[FRANCE]
market share repeat habit [Germany,TECH] = scrappage rate[Germany,TECH]/aggregate scrappage[Germany]
market share repeat habit [INDIA,TECH] = scrappage rate[INDIA,TECH]/aggregate scrappage[INDIA]
market share repeat habit [JAPAN,TECH] = scrappage rate[JAPAN,TECH]/aggregate scrappage[JAPAN]
market share repeat habit [US,TECH] = scrappage rate[US,TECH]/aggregate scrappage[US]
Description: It is assumed that the segment of habit-oriented purchasers buy the same powertrain technology they had previously owned and recently scrapped .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#369
A
market share utility maximisers restricted (Dmnl)
market share utility maximisers restricted [
COUNTRY,TECH] = restricted attractiveness utility maximisers[COUNTRY,TECH]/sum of restricted attractiveness[COUNTRY]
Description: Simulated car sales market share, by country and technology, after restrictions are applied .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#370
A
market share utility maximisers unrestricted (Dmnl)
market share utility maximisers unrestricted [
COUNTRY,TECH] = exponential total utility[COUNTRY,TECH]/sum of exponential total utility[COUNTRY]
Description: Simulated car sales market share, by country and technology, using the multinomial logit framework .
Source: own work based on Ben-Akiva and Lerman (1985)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#371
C,F

maximisers to innovators (Dmnl/Year)
maximisers to innovators [
COUNTRY] = 0
Description: Flow of maximisers that may become innovators over time. Applicable to first time purchases only .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • High-income innovators first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as innovators who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
  • Utility maximisers first - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as utility maximisers who make first time purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#372
C,F

maximisers to innovators repeat (Dmnl/Year)
maximisers to innovators repeat [
COUNTRY] = 0
Description: Flow of maximisers that may become innovators over time. Applicable to repeated purchases only .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • High-income innovators repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as innovators who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
  • Utility maximisers repeat - Stock of consumers that can be characterised as utility maximisers who make repeated purchases, expressed as a share of the market .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#373
L
Middle Car Stock (car)
Middle Car Stock [
COUNTRY,TECH] = ageing 1[COUNTRY,TECH]-ageing 2[COUNTRY,TECH] dt + [INITIAL MIDDLE CAR STOCK[COUNTRY,TECH]]
Description: Stock of middle(-age) cars, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#374
C
minute per hour (min/h)
= 60
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#375
C
MJ per Mtoe (MJ/Mtoe)
= 4.1868e+010
Source: IEA unit converter available online
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#376
L
New Car Stock (car)
New Car Stock [
COUNTRY,TECH] = sales rate[COUNTRY,TECH]-ageing 1[COUNTRY,TECH] dt + [INITIAL NEW CAR STOCK[COUNTRY,TECH]]
Description: Stock of new cars, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • ageing 1 - Annual car ageing rate, defined as an outflow from the stock of new cars, by country and tech .
  • aggregate new car stock - Aggregate new car stock equals the sum of all technologies that are part of the stock of new cars .
  • factor intensity new car
  • total car stock by tech - Total car stock equals the sum of new, middle and old car stocks, disaggregated by technology, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#377
F,A

new fast EVSE rate (station/Year)
new fast EVSE rate [
COUNTRY,BEV] = new public fast EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Annual deployment rate of fast recharging stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#378
A
new H2 filling stations (station/Year)
new H2 filling stations [
COUNTRY,FC] = budget public H2 station deployment[COUNTRY,FC]/unit cost per H2 filling station[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Number of hydrogen filling stations to be build, as a result of budget availability and deployment costs .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#379
A
new public fast EVSE (station/Year)
new public fast EVSE [
COUNTRY,BEV] = budget public fast EVSE deployment[COUNTRY,BEV]/unit cost public fast EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Number of fast recharging stations to be build, as a result of budget availability and deployment costs .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#380
A
new public slow EVSE (station/Year)
new public slow EVSE [
COUNTRY,BEV] = budget public slow EVSE deployment[COUNTRY,BEV]/unit cost public slow EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Number of slow recharging stations to be build, as a result of budget availability and deployment costs .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#381
F,A

new slow EVSE rate (station/Year)
new slow EVSE rate [
COUNTRY,BEV] = new public slow EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Annual deployment rate of slow recharging stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#382
A
nominal car manufacturing price (country currency/car)
nominal car manufacturing price [
COUNTRY,TECH] = (REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE[COUNTRY,TECH]*effect of ICE improvements on price[COUNTRY,TECH])*(GDP deflator[COUNTRY]/100)
Description: Assumed manufacturing price per car, expressed in nominal country currency terms .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CAR price excluding VAT - Purchase price of the car after adding battery and fuel cell component costs and before taxation, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#383
A
nominal crude oil price (dollar/bbl)
=
REFERENCE oil price scenario
Description: Nominal Petroleum Prices: Crude Oil: Brent Spot. Nominal dollars. .
Source: Annual Energy Outlook 2015, U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#384
A
nominal GDP (country currency)
nominal GDP [
COUNTRY] = real GDP[COUNTRY]*(GDP deflator[COUNTRY]/100)
Description: Real GDP times the GDP deflator determines nominal GDP, by country
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#385
A
nominal GDP per capita (country currency/passenger)
nominal GDP per capita [
COUNTRY] = nominal GDP[COUNTRY]/population[COUNTRY]
Description: Nominal GDP divided by population determines the nominal GDP per capita, expressed in country currency, by country. The unit 'passenger' (common metric in transport statistics) is used instead of 'person' for dimensional consistency .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • nominal GDP per capita in dollars - Nominal GDP per capita, expressed in country currency, is adjusted by the official nominal exchange rate to determine nominal GDP per capita in dollars, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#386
A
nominal GDP per capita in dollars (dollar/passenger)
nominal GDP per capita in dollars [
COUNTRY] = nominal GDP per capita[COUNTRY]/exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: Nominal GDP per capita, expressed in country currency, is adjusted by the official nominal exchange rate to determine nominal GDP per capita in dollars, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#387
A
number of technologies available in the market (Dmnl)
number of technologies available in the market [
COUNTRY] = (market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: The sum of technologies available in each market over time .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#388
L
oil extraction share conventional (Dmnl)
oil extraction share conventional [
COUNTRY] = -oil extraction share conventional rate[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL oil extraction share conventional[COUNTRY]]
Description: Simulated share of conventional oil extraction .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#389
F,A

oil extraction share conventional rate (Dmnl/Year)
oil extraction share conventional rate [
COUNTRY] = oil extraction share conventional[COUNTRY]*FRACTIONAL OIL extraction share conventional rate[COUNTRY]
Description: This reflects a declining share of conventional oil extraction over time .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#390
A
oil extraction share unconventional (Dmnl)
oil extraction share unconventional [
COUNTRY] = total oil extraction-oil extraction share conventional[COUNTRY]
Description: Share of unconventional oil extracted .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#391
A
oil import expenditures (country currency/Year)
oil import expenditures [
COUNTRY] = oil import expenditures in dollar[COUNTRY]*exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: Oil import expenditures expressed in country currency .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CV expenditures rate - Annual rate representing the expenditure stream for the conventional vehicle fund .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#392
A
oil import expenditures in dollar (dollar/Year)
oil import expenditures in dollar [
COUNTRY] = nominal crude oil price*foreign oil demand[COUNTRY]
Description: Oil import expenditures as a function of price and demand .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#393
A
oil product price per litre (dollar/litre)
=
nominal crude oil price/litres of oil products per barrel
Description: Price per litre of oil-based product, once the refinery processing gain has been taken into account .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#394
L
Old Car Stock (car)
Old Car Stock [
China,TECH] = ageing 2[China,TECH]-scrappage rate[China,TECH] dt + [INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK[China,TECH]]
Old Car Stock [FRANCE,TECH] = ageing 2[FRANCE,TECH]-scrappage rate[FRANCE,TECH] dt + [INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK[FRANCE,TECH]]
Old Car Stock [Germany,TECH] = ageing 2[Germany,TECH]-scrappage rate[Germany,TECH] dt + [INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK[Germany,TECH]]
Old Car Stock [INDIA,TECH] = ageing 2[INDIA,TECH]-scrappage rate[INDIA,TECH] dt + [INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK[INDIA,TECH]]
Old Car Stock [JAPAN,TECH] = ageing 2[JAPAN,TECH]-scrappage rate[JAPAN,TECH] dt + [INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK[JAPAN,TECH]]
Old Car Stock [US,TECH] = ageing 2[US,TECH]-scrappage rate[US,TECH] dt + [INITIAL OLD CAR STOCK[US,TECH]]
Description: Stock of old cars, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#395
C,A
other costs diesel (Dmnl)
other costs diesel [
China] = 0.18
other costs diesel [FRANCE] = 0.5
other costs diesel [Germany] = 0.55
other costs diesel [INDIA] = IF THEN ELSE(Time=2008, 0.18, 0.2)
other costs diesel [JAPAN] = 0.4
other costs diesel [US] = IF THEN ELSE(Time=2008, 0.18, 0.25)
Description: Refining, distribution and marketing costs .
Source: own assumptions based on data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#396
C,A
other costs gasoline (Dmnl)
other costs gasoline [
China] = 0.18
other costs gasoline [FRANCE] = 0.5
other costs gasoline [Germany] = IF THEN ELSE( Time=2009, 0.3, 0.45)
other costs gasoline [INDIA] = 0.18
other costs gasoline [JAPAN] = IF THEN ELSE(Time=2012, 0.7, 0.4)
other costs gasoline [US] = IF THEN ELSE( Time=2008, 0.1, 0.2)
Description: Refining, distribution and marketing costs .
Source: own assumptions based on data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#397
A
PHEV SHARE OF ELECTRIC DRIVING (Dmnl)
PHEV SHARE OF ELECTRIC DRIVING [
COUNTRY] = 1-PHEV SHARE OF GASOLINE DRIVING[COUNTRY]
Description: Assumed share of PHEV driving in electric mode .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • direct CO2eq emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
  • energy use per car (kWh) - Simulated annual electricity consumption per car in kWh, by type of EV .
  • expected energy use per car (kWh) - Expected annual electricity consumption per car in kWh, by type of EV .
  • indirect CO2eq emission per km new car - Well-to-tank emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#398
C
PHEV SHARE OF GASOLINE DRIVING (Dmnl)
PHEV SHARE OF GASOLINE DRIVING [
COUNTRY] = 0.5
Description: Assumed share of PHEV driving in non-electric mode .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • direct CO2 emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 per km [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers in 167 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 172 g/km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 174 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 180 g/km"], [Sources for LPG: (1) Ford web on Focus im Autogasbetrieb CO2-Emissionswert: 123 g/km; and (2) ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "CO2 Angabe des Herstellers 149 g/km; CO2 Angabe im Test 155 g/km"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Verbrauch, kombiniert ab 81 g/km], [Sources for PHEV: (1) Chevy Volt/Opel Ampera: combined 27g/km; (2) VW web based on Golf GTE PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen in g/km: kombiniert 39-35"; and (3) Audi web based on A3 e-Tron PHEV: "CO2-Emissionen 40-36 g/km"]
  • direct CO2eq emission per km new car - Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
  • energy use per car (litre) - Simulaed annual fuel consumption per car, in litres .
  • expected energy use per car (litre) - Expected annual fuel consumption per car, in litres .
  • indirect CO2eq emission per km new car - Well-to-tank emissions of the average new car sold, in grams of CO2 equivalent per km .
  • PHEV SHARE OF ELECTRIC DRIVING - Assumed share of PHEV driving in electric mode .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#399
D
population (passenger)
population [
China] = population-B
population [FRANCE] = population-B
population [Germany] = population-B
population [INDIA] = population-B
population [JAPAN] = population-B
population [US] = population-B
Description: Total population, by country. The unit 'passenger' (common metric in transport statistics) is used instead of 'person' for dimensional consistency
Source: UN (2016)
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • nominal GDP per capita - Nominal GDP divided by population determines the nominal GDP per capita, expressed in country currency, by country. The unit 'passenger' (common metric in transport statistics) is used instead of 'person' for dimensional consistency .
  • projected aggregate total car stock - The projected car ownership ratio times population determines the projected aggregate total car stock, by country .
  • real GDP per capita - Real GDP per capita divided by population to determine real GDP per capita, expressed in country currency, by country. The unit 'passenger' (common metric in transport statistics) is used instead of 'person' for dimensional consistency
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#400
A
power fast evse (kW/battery)
= 43+STEP( 7, 2009)+STEP( 70, 2017)
Description: Variable used to characterise the power of fast recharging infrastructure. The STEP function reflects sharp increases in power over time. AC 43 kW, DC or Tesla Superchargers ; DC Fast Charging: 24 < kW < 90 ; CHAdeMO: 6 < kW < 150 ; Tesla Supercharger: 120 kW
Source: Tesla web
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#401
C
power slow evse (kW/battery)
power slow evse [
BEV] = 3.7
Description: Constant used to characterise the power of slow recharging infrastructure. AC level 2: 3.7 < kW <= 22 .
Source: own assumption based on EVI (2016)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#402
A
powertrain availability (Dmnl)
powertrain availability [
COUNTRY,TECH] = market introduction of technology[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Whereas a value equal to 0 is an indication that the technology is NOT available in the market, a value equal to 1 indicates the technology is available in the market .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#403
F,A

production rate (battery/Year)
production rate [
PHEV] = (EV sales[PHEV]+replacement battery[PHEV])*BATTERY PACK PER CAR[PHEV]
production rate [BEV] = (EV sales[BEV]+replacement battery[BEV])*BATTERY PACK PER CAR[BEV]
Description: Number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Cumulative EV production - Cumulative number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#404
A
projected aggregate total car stock (car)
projected aggregate total car stock [
COUNTRY] = car ownership ratio[COUNTRY]*population[COUNTRY]
Description: The projected car ownership ratio times population determines the projected aggregate total car stock, by country .
Source: own assumptions based on data referenced in the respective variables
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • desired aggregate total car stock - Because the projected aggregate total car stock across the six countries is growing, the forecasts are embraced by industry and aggregate total car stock is reformulated as a desired value .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#405
L
Projected fuel cell cost (dollar/kW)
Projected fuel cell cost [
FC] = -fuel cell cost rate[FC] dt + [900]
Description: Cost of the fuel cell system
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#406
A
proportion fast recharging (Dmnl)
proportion fast recharging [
COUNTRY,BEV] = ZIDZ( Public fast EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV],public total EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV])
Description: Proportion of fast recharging stations, by country. The ZIDZ function is included so that a value equal to zero is returned in the cases where the denominator is zero .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#407
A
proportion slow recharging (Dmnl)
proportion slow recharging [
COUNTRY,BEV] = 1-proportion fast recharging[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Remaining proportion of fast recharging stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#408
L
Public fast EVSE (station)
Public fast EVSE [
COUNTRY,BEV] = new fast EVSE rate[COUNTRY,BEV] dt + [INITIAL PUBLIC FAST EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]]
Description: Number of public stations providing fast recharging .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • proportion fast recharging - Proportion of fast recharging stations, by country. The ZIDZ function is included so that a value equal to zero is returned in the cases where the denominator is zero .
  • public total EVSE - Number of recharging stations, both slow and fast, offering electricity, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#409
L
Public H2 filling stations (station)
Public H2 filling stations [
COUNTRY,FC] = H2 stations construction rate[COUNTRY,FC] dt + [INITIAL PUBLIC H2 FILLING STATIONS[COUNTRY,FC]]
Description: Number of filling stations offering hydrogen fuel, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#410
L
Public H2 filling stations under construction (station)
Public H2 filling stations under construction [
COUNTRY,FC] = H2 stations planning rate[COUNTRY,FC]-H2 stations construction rate[COUNTRY,FC] dt + [INITIAL PUBLIC H2 CONSTRUCTION[COUNTRY,FC]]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#411
L
Public slow EVSE (station)
Public slow EVSE [
COUNTRY,BEV] = new slow EVSE rate[COUNTRY,BEV] dt + [INITIAL PUBLIC SLOW EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]]
Description: Number of public stations providing slow recharging .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • public total EVSE - Number of recharging stations, both slow and fast, offering electricity, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#412
A
public total EVSE (station)
public total EVSE [
COUNTRY,BEV] = Public slow EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]+Public fast EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Number of recharging stations, both slow and fast, offering electricity, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • filling infrastructure density - Measure of filling/recharging infrastructure density, by country .
  • infrastructure availability - Binary formulation to reflect whether filling/recharging infrastructure for each technology is available, by country .
  • proportion fast recharging - Proportion of fast recharging stations, by country. The ZIDZ function is included so that a value equal to zero is returned in the cases where the denominator is zero .
  • relative station coverage - Station coverage, relative to gasoline stations, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#413
A
purchase price (country currency/car)
purchase price [
COUNTRY,G] = purchase price excluding subsidies[COUNTRY,G]
purchase price [COUNTRY,D] = purchase price excluding subsidies[COUNTRY,D]
purchase price [COUNTRY,FF] = purchase price excluding subsidies[COUNTRY,FF]
purchase price [COUNTRY,LPG] = purchase price excluding subsidies[COUNTRY,LPG]
purchase price [COUNTRY,NG] = purchase price excluding subsidies[COUNTRY,NG]
purchase price [COUNTRY,HEV] = purchase price excluding subsidies[COUNTRY,HEV]
purchase price [COUNTRY,PHEV] = purchase price excluding subsidies[COUNTRY,PHEV]-EV purchase subsidy[COUNTRY,PHEV]
purchase price [COUNTRY,BEV] = purchase price excluding subsidies[COUNTRY,BEV]-EV purchase subsidy[COUNTRY,BEV]
purchase price [COUNTRY,FC] = purchase price excluding subsidies[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Reduced purchase price of electric cars as a result of subsidies, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#414
A
purchase price excluding subsidies (country currency/car)
purchase price excluding subsidies [
COUNTRY,TECH] = CAR price excluding VAT[COUNTRY,TECH]*(1+VAT[COUNTRY])
Description: Purchase price of the car after adding VAT but excluding subsidies, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • purchase price - Reduced purchase price of electric cars as a result of subsidies, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#415
C,A
range (km/car)
range [
COUNTRY,G] = 700
range [COUNTRY,D] = 700
range [COUNTRY] = "TANK CAPACITY (LITRE)"[COUNTRY,FF]/fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,FF]
range [COUNTRY,LPG] = "TANK CAPACITY (LITRE)"[COUNTRY,LPG]/fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,LPG]
range [COUNTRY,NG] = "TANK CAPACITY (KG)"[COUNTRY,NG]/fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,NG]
range [COUNTRY,HEV] = 700
range [COUNTRY,PHEV] = 600
range [COUNTRY,BEV] = EV battery capacity per pack[BEV]/fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,BEV]
range [COUNTRY,FC] = "TANK CAPACITY (KG)"[COUNTRY,FC]/fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "Reichweite 530km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "Reichweite 505km"],, [Source for LPG: ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "Reichweite 425km"], [Source for NG: US AFDC web "The driving range of NGVs is generally less than that of comparable gasoline and diesel vehicles because, with natural gas, less overall energy content can be stored in the same size tank as the more energy dense gasoline or diesel fuels"], [Source for FC: EPA range 502 km]
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • relative range - Driving range, relative to the range of gasoline cars, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#416
A
ratio car sales to stock (1/Year)
ratio car sales to stock [
COUNTRY] = aggregate sales[COUNTRY]/aggregate total car stock[COUNTRY]
Description: Below 0.1 indicates the market is fundamentally saturated. The exceptions are China and India .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#417
C
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE (country currency/car)
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [
China,G] = 70000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [China,D] = 80000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [China,FF] = 75000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [China,LPG] = 76000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [China,NG] = 77000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [China,HEV] = 90000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [China,PHEV] = 83000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [China,BEV] = 70000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [China,FC] = 70000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [FRANCE,G] = 18000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [FRANCE,D] = 21000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [FRANCE,FF] = 22000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [FRANCE,LPG] = 23000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [FRANCE,NG] = 24000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [FRANCE,HEV] = 30000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [FRANCE,PHEV] = 30000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [FRANCE,BEV] = 18000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [FRANCE,FC] = 18000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [Germany,G] = 19000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [Germany,D] = 22000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [Germany,FF] = 23000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [Germany,LPG] = 24000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [Germany,NG] = 25000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [Germany,HEV] = 31000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [Germany,PHEV] = 31000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [Germany,BEV] = 19000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [Germany,FC] = 19000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [INDIA,G] = 400000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [INDIA,D] = 500000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [INDIA,FF] = 430000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [INDIA,LPG] = 450000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [INDIA,NG] = 500000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [INDIA,HEV] = 800000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [INDIA,PHEV] = 700000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [INDIA,BEV] = 400000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [INDIA,FC] = 400000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [JAPAN,G] = 2.8e+006
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [JAPAN,D] = 3e+006
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [JAPAN,FF] = 3.2e+006
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [JAPAN,LPG] = 3.4e+006
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [JAPAN,NG] = 3.6e+006
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [JAPAN,HEV] = 4e+006
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [JAPAN,PHEV] = 4e+006
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [JAPAN,BEV] = 2.8e+006
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [JAPAN,FC] = 2.8e+006
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [US,G] = 24000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [US,D] = 26000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [US,FF] = 26000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [US,LPG] = 27000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [US,NG] = 28000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [US,HEV] = 30000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [US,PHEV] = 30000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [US,BEV] = 24000
REAL CAR MANUFACTURING PRICE [US,FC] = 24000
Description: Assumed manufacturing price per car, expressed in real country currency terms .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#418
A
real crude oil price (dollar/bbl)
real crude oil price [
US] = nominal crude oil price/(GDP deflator[US]/100)
Description: Real crude oil price, expressed in dollar terms .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#419
A
real gasoline price (country currency/litre)
real gasoline price [
COUNTRY] = gasoline price[COUNTRY]/(GDP deflator[COUNTRY]/100)
Description: Final gasoline price (end-user, pump), expressed in real terms .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#420
L
real GDP (country currency)
real GDP [
COUNTRY] = real GDP rate[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL REAL GDP[COUNTRY]]
Description: Size of the economy, measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), at each year, by country .
Source: IMF (2016) and own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • nominal GDP - Real GDP times the GDP deflator determines nominal GDP, by country
  • real GDP per capita - Real GDP per capita divided by population to determine real GDP per capita, expressed in country currency, by country. The unit 'passenger' (common metric in transport statistics) is used instead of 'person' for dimensional consistency
  • real GDP rate - Fractional GDP growth rate times the level of GDP, in real terms by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#421
D
real GDP change rate (1/Year)
real GDP change rate [
China] = real GDP change rate-B
real GDP change rate [FRANCE] = real GDP change rate-B
real GDP change rate [Germany] = real GDP change rate-B
real GDP change rate [INDIA] = real GDP change rate-B
real GDP change rate [JAPAN] = real GDP change rate-B
real GDP change rate [US] = real GDP change rate-B
Description: Fractional rate of real GDP, by country .
Source: IMF (2016) and own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • real GDP rate - Fractional GDP growth rate times the level of GDP, in real terms by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#422
A
real GDP per capita (country currency/passenger)
real GDP per capita [
China] = real GDP[China]/population[China]
real GDP per capita [FRANCE] = real GDP[FRANCE]/population[FRANCE]
real GDP per capita [Germany] = real GDP[Germany]/population[Germany]
real GDP per capita [INDIA] = real GDP[INDIA]/population[INDIA]
real GDP per capita [JAPAN] = real GDP[JAPAN]/population[JAPAN]
real GDP per capita [US] = real GDP[US]/population[US]
Description: Real GDP per capita divided by population to determine real GDP per capita, expressed in country currency, by country. The unit 'passenger' (common metric in transport statistics) is used instead of 'person' for dimensional consistency
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • Initial real GDP per capita - Initial value of real GDP per capita, expressed in country currency, by country. The unit 'passenger' (common metric in transport statistics) is used instead of 'person' for dimensional consistency .
  • relative real GDP per capita - Real GDP per capita relative to the initial value of real GDP per capita, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#423
F,A

real GDP rate (country currency/Year)
real GDP rate [
COUNTRY] = (real GDP change rate[COUNTRY]/100)*real GDP[COUNTRY]
Description: Fractional GDP growth rate times the level of GDP, in real terms by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • real GDP - Size of the economy, measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), at each year, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#424
D
REFERENCE oil price scenario (dollar/bbl)
Description: Nominal Petroleum Prices: Crude Oil: Brent Spot. Nominal dollars. 'Reference case' scenario. .
Source: Annual Energy Outlook 2015, U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#425
C
refinery oil processing gain (Dmnl)
= 0.06
Description: US 2000-2014 average 6.5 gain. Probably lower in other countries
Source: http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/hist/LeafHandler.ashx?n=PET&s=MPGRYUS3&f=A
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#426
D
reformed scrappage status (car/Year)
reformed scrappage status [
Germany,G] = reformed scrappage status-B
reformed scrappage status [Germany,D] = reformed scrappage status-B
reformed scrappage status [US,G] = reformed scrappage status-B
Description: Number of conventional cars scrapped in Germany and the US due to statistical discrepancies related to changes in the reporting methodology of national statistical bodies. For an example, see data from the German KBA .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • sum of scrappage effects - Sum of the effects of statistical discrepancies and the scrappage scheme on the German and US scrappage rate .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#427
A
relative average annual VKT by car (Dmnl)
relative average annual VKT by car [
COUNTRY] = average annual VKT by car[COUNTRY]/INITIAL average annual vkt by car[COUNTRY]
Description: Reference average annual VKT by car, relative to initial value, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#428
A
relative battery cost per kWh (Dmnl)
=
battery cost/INITIAL BATTERY COST per kWh on first year
Description: Battery cost, relative to initial value .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#429
A
relative degree of innovativeness (Dmnl)
relative degree of innovativeness [
COUNTRY,TECH] = Degree of Innovativeness[COUNTRY,TECH]/(Degree of Innovativeness[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Degree of innovativeness, relative to initial .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • utility innovators - It is assumed that innovators derive utility solely from the perceived degree of innovativeness a powertrain has .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#430
A
relative degree of popularity (Dmnl)
relative degree of popularity [
COUNTRY,TECH] = Degree of Popularity[COUNTRY,TECH]/(Degree of Popularity[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Degree of popularity, relative to initial .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#431
A
relative diesel price (Dmnl)
relative diesel price [
COUNTRY] = diesel price[COUNTRY]/INITIAL DIESEL PRICE[COUNTRY]
Description: Diesel price, relative to the initial price .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#432
A
relative emissions (Dmnl)
relative emissions [
COUNTRY,TECH] = direct CO2 emission per km new car[COUNTRY,TECH]/direct CO2 emission per km new car[COUNTRY,G]
Description: Car emissions, relative to the gasoline car, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • utility emissions - Simulated utility derived from the emissions level, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#433
A
relative energy cost per km (Dmnl)
relative energy cost per km [
COUNTRY,G] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]/energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]
relative energy cost per km [COUNTRY,D] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,D]/energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]
relative energy cost per km [COUNTRY] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,FF]/energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]
relative energy cost per km [COUNTRY,LPG] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,LPG]/energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]
relative energy cost per km [COUNTRY,NG] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,NG]/energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]
relative energy cost per km [COUNTRY,HEV] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,HEV]/energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]
relative energy cost per km [COUNTRY,PHEV] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,PHEV]/energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]
relative energy cost per km [COUNTRY,BEV] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,BEV]/energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]
relative energy cost per km [COUNTRY,FC] = energy cost per km[COUNTRY,FC]/energy cost per km[COUNTRY,G]
Description: Energy cost per km by country and tech, relative to the gasoline powertrain .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#434
A
relative expected aggregate industry experience (Dmnl)
= (
expected aggregate industry experience/initial expected aggregate industry experience)
Description: Cumulative experience in battery manufacturing, relative to initial experience .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#435
A
relative fuel intensity new car (Dmnl)
relative fuel intensity new car [
COUNTRY,G] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,G]/"initial fuel intensity new car (litre)"[COUNTRY,G]
relative fuel intensity new car [COUNTRY,D] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,D]/"initial fuel intensity new car (litre)"[COUNTRY,D]
relative fuel intensity new car [COUNTRY,FF] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,FF]/"initial fuel intensity new car (litre)"[COUNTRY,FF]
relative fuel intensity new car [COUNTRY,LPG] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,LPG]/"initial fuel intensity new car (litre)"[COUNTRY,LPG]
relative fuel intensity new car [COUNTRY,NG] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,NG]/"initial fuel intensity new car (kg)"[COUNTRY,NG]
relative fuel intensity new car [COUNTRY,HEV] = fuel intensity new car litre[COUNTRY,HEV]/"initial fuel intensity new car (litre)"[COUNTRY,HEV]
relative fuel intensity new car [COUNTRY,PHEV] = fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,PHEV]/"initial fuel intensity new car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
relative fuel intensity new car [COUNTRY,BEV] = fuel intensity new car kWh[COUNTRY,BEV]/"initial fuel intensity new car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]
relative fuel intensity new car [COUNTRY,FC] = fuel intensity new car kg[COUNTRY,FC]/"initial fuel intensity new car (kg)"[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Fuel intensity of the average new car, relative to the initial value, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#436
A
relative number of technologies available in the market (Dmnl)
relative number of technologies available in the market [
COUNTRY] = number of technologies available in the market[COUNTRY]/initial number of technologies available in the market[COUNTRY]
Description: Number of technologies available in each market, relative to initial .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#437
A
relative purchase price (Dmnl)
relative purchase price [
COUNTRY,TECH] = purchase price[COUNTRY,TECH]/purchase price[COUNTRY,G]
Description: Purchase price of the car, relative to the price of gasoline cars, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • cheapest powertrain - Vector minimum function used to identify the cheapest powertrain, by country .
  • market share low-cost - It is assumed that the segment of low-cost purchasers buy the cheapest powertrain available .
  • utility purchase price - Simulated utility derived from the purchase price, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#438
A
relative range (Dmnl)
relative range [
COUNTRY,TECH] = range[COUNTRY,TECH]/range[COUNTRY,G]
Description: Driving range, relative to the range of gasoline cars, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • utility range - Simulated utility derived from the range, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#439
A
relative real gasoline price (Dmnl)
relative real gasoline price [
COUNTRY] = real gasoline price[COUNTRY]/initial gasoline price[COUNTRY]
Description: Real gasoline price, relative to the initial price .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#440
A
relative real GDP per capita (Dmnl)
relative real GDP per capita [
China] = real GDP per capita[China]/Initial real GDP per capita[China]
relative real GDP per capita [Germany] = real GDP per capita[Germany]/Initial real GDP per capita[Germany]
relative real GDP per capita [US] = real GDP per capita[US]/Initial real GDP per capita[US]
relative real GDP per capita [FRANCE] = real GDP per capita[FRANCE]/Initial real GDP per capita[FRANCE]
relative real GDP per capita [JAPAN] = real GDP per capita[JAPAN]/Initial real GDP per capita[JAPAN]
relative real GDP per capita [INDIA] = real GDP per capita[INDIA]/Initial real GDP per capita[INDIA]
Description: Real GDP per capita relative to the initial value of real GDP per capita, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#441
A
relative recharging time (Dmnl)
relative recharging time [
COUNTRY,G] = AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,G]/AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,G]
relative recharging time [COUNTRY,D] = AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,D]/AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,D]
relative recharging time [COUNTRY,FF] = AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,FF]/AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,FF]
relative recharging time [COUNTRY,LPG] = AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,LPG]/AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,LPG]
relative recharging time [COUNTRY,NG] = AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,NG]/AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,NG]
relative recharging time [COUNTRY,HEV] = AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,HEV]/AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,HEV]
relative recharging time [COUNTRY,PHEV] = AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,PHEV]/AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,PHEV]
relative recharging time [COUNTRY,BEV] = estimated average recharging time[COUNTRY,BEV]/AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,G]
relative recharging time [COUNTRY,FC] = AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,FC]/AVERAGE filling TIME[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Recharging or refuelling time, relative to the gasoline car, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • utility recharging time - Simulated utility derived from the recharging or refuelling time, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#442
A
relative station coverage (Dmnl)
relative station coverage [
COUNTRY,G] = CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]/CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]
relative station coverage [COUNTRY,D] = CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,D]/CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]
relative station coverage [COUNTRY] = Alternative fuel filling stations[COUNTRY,FF]/CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]
relative station coverage [COUNTRY,LPG] = Alternative fuel filling stations[COUNTRY,LPG]/CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]
relative station coverage [COUNTRY,NG] = Alternative fuel filling stations[COUNTRY,NG]/CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]
relative station coverage [COUNTRY,HEV] = CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,HEV]/CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]
relative station coverage [COUNTRY,PHEV] = CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,PHEV]/CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]
relative station coverage [COUNTRY,BEV] = public total EVSE[COUNTRY,BEV]/CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]
relative station coverage [COUNTRY,FC] = Public H2 filling stations[COUNTRY,FC]/CONVENTIONAL FUEL filling STATIONS[COUNTRY,G]
Description: Station coverage, relative to gasoline stations, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#443
A
relative usage cost (Dmnl)
relative usage cost [
COUNTRY,TECH] = usage cost over lifetime[COUNTRY,TECH]/usage cost over lifetime[COUNTRY,G]
Description: Usage cost of the car, relative to the usage cost of gasoline cars, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • utility usage cost - Simulated utility derived from the usage cost, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#444
A
remaining average car lifetime (Year)
remaining average car lifetime [
COUNTRY,TECH] = total average car lifetime[COUNTRY,TECH]-AVERAGE AGEING TIME 1[COUNTRY,TECH]-AVERAGE AGEING TIME 2[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: The remaining average car lifetime is 8 years, taking into account the assumed total average car lifetime and the ageing time constants that affect the stock of new and middle(-age) cars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#445
A
replacement battery (car/Year)
replacement battery [
PHEV] = (replacement battery by country[COUNTRY!,PHEV])
replacement battery [BEV] = (replacement battery by country[COUNTRY!,BEV])
Description: Number of EV cars annually reaching 8 years of lifetime, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • production rate - Number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
  • world production rate - Number of batteries annually produced as a result of new EV sales and battery replacements, by type of EV .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#446
A
replacement battery by country (car/Year)
replacement battery by country [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = ageing 2[COUNTRY,PHEV]
replacement battery by country [COUNTRY,BEV] = ageing 2[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Number of EV cars annually reaching 8 years of lifetime, by country and type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • replacement battery - Number of EV cars annually reaching 8 years of lifetime, by type of EV .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#447
A
required batteries in car lifetime (battery/car)
required batteries in car lifetime [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = expected average car service life[COUNTRY,PHEV]/battery service life[COUNTRY,PHEV]
required batteries in car lifetime [COUNTRY,BEV] = expected average car service life[COUNTRY,BEV]/battery service life[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: The assumed number of batteries an electric car requires over its lifetime is two. This is a conservative estimate, given current electric vehicle battery technology and prospects .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#448
A
restricted attractiveness utility maximisers (Dmnl)
restricted attractiveness utility maximisers [
COUNTRY,TECH] = exponential total utility[COUNTRY,TECH]*powertrain availability[COUNTRY,TECH]*relative degree of popularity[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Car technology attractiveness for the segment of utility maximisers, defined as total utility constrained by powertrain availability and popularity .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#449
A
revenue from CV fuel taxes (country currency/Year)
revenue from CV fuel taxes [
COUNTRY] = (fuel tax gasoline[COUNTRY]*aggregate gasoline use total car stock[COUNTRY])+(fuel tax diesel[COUNTRY]*"expected total energy use car stock by tech (litre)"[COUNTRY,D])
Description: Revenues from gasoline and diesel taxes after accounting for the quantity of fuel sold/used .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#450
F,A

sales rate (car/Year)
sales rate [
COUNTRY,TECH] = sum of demand first[COUNTRY,TECH]+sum of demand repeat[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Annual car sales or registrations rate, disaggregated by country and tech (for some of them, historical data is available for comparison) .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 7 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#451
C
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations (station)
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [
China,FF] = 1
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [China,LPG] = 1
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [China,NG] = 8000
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [FRANCE,FF] = 400
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [FRANCE,LPG] = 1700
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [FRANCE,NG] = 100
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [Germany,FF] = 350
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [Germany,LPG] = 6900
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [Germany,NG] = 900
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [INDIA,FF] = 1
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [INDIA,LPG] = 1200
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [INDIA,NG] = 1000
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [JAPAN,FF] = 1
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [JAPAN,LPG] = 1800
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [JAPAN,NG] = 300
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [US,FF] = 3200
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [US,LPG] = 4000
saturation of alternative fuel filling stations [US,NG] = 2000
Description: Saturation levels for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default Control #452
C
SAVEPER (Year [0,?])
= 1
Description: The frequency with which output is stored.
Not Present In Any View
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#453
C
scrappage incentive (country currency/car)
scrappage incentive [
Germany,G] = 2500
Description: Amount of money, offered by the German government, for each old gasoline car that is scrapped .
Source: own assumptions based on UBA study by IFEU "Abwrackprämie und Umwelt - eine erste Bilanz"
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#454
LI,A
scrappage rate (car/Year)
scrappage rate [
China,TECH] = Old Car Stock[China,TECH]/remaining average car lifetime[China,TECH]
scrappage rate [FRANCE,TECH] = Old Car Stock[FRANCE,TECH]/remaining average car lifetime[FRANCE,TECH]
scrappage rate [Germany,TECH] = IF THEN ELSE(sum of scrappage effects[Germany,G]>0, (sum of scrappage effects[Germany,TECH]+Old Car Stock[Germany,TECH]/remaining average car lifetime[Germany,TECH]), (Old Car Stock[Germany,TECH]/remaining average car lifetime[Germany,TECH]))
scrappage rate [INDIA,TECH] = Old Car Stock[INDIA,TECH]/remaining average car lifetime[INDIA,TECH]
scrappage rate [JAPAN,TECH] = Old Car Stock[JAPAN,TECH]/remaining average car lifetime[JAPAN,TECH]
scrappage rate [US,TECH] = IF THEN ELSE(sum of scrappage effects[US,G]>0, (sum of scrappage effects[US,TECH]+Old Car Stock[US,TECH]/remaining average car lifetime[US,TECH]), (Old Car Stock[US,TECH]/remaining average car lifetime[US,TECH]))
Description: Annual scrappage rate, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 5 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#455
C
share gasoline price for autogas (Dmnl)
= 1.3
Description: Assumed price fraction .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • autogas price - Autogas price proportional to the gasoline price .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#456
C
share gasoline price for CNG (litre/kg)
share gasoline price for CNG [
COUNTRY] = 0.7
Description: Assumed price fraction .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CNG price - CNG price proportional to the gasoline price .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#457
C
share gasoline price for E85 (Dmnl)
= 1.2
Description: Assumed price fraction .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
  • E85 price - E85 price proportional to the gasoline price .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#458
L
Share of first sales (Dmnl)
Share of first sales [
COUNTRY] = -first to repeated sales rate[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL SHARE OF FIRST SALES[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock of consumers that can be characterised as 'first-time' car purchasers, expressed as a share of the market .
Source: own assumption based on ideas by de Wolff (1938)
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#459
C
share of other markets (Dmnl)
= 0.3
Description: Other markets represent 30% of EV deployment.
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#460
L
Share of repeated sales (Dmnl)
Share of repeated sales [
COUNTRY] = first to repeated sales rate[COUNTRY] dt + [INITIAL SHARE OF REPEATED SALES[COUNTRY]]
Description: Stock of consumers that can be characterised as 'repeating' car purchasers, expressed as a share of the market .
Source: own assumption based on ideas by de Wolff (1938)
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#461
C,A
simulated average annual VKT by car ((km/car)/Year)
simulated average annual VKT by car [
China] = 12500
simulated average annual VKT by car [FRANCE] = INITIAL average annual vkt by car[FRANCE]*(relative real gasoline price[FRANCE]^elasticity wrt real gasoline price[FRANCE])*(relative real GDP per capita[FRANCE]^elasticity wrt real GDP per capita[FRANCE])
simulated average annual VKT by car [Germany] = INITIAL average annual vkt by car[Germany]*(relative real gasoline price[Germany]^elasticity wrt real gasoline price[Germany])*(relative real GDP per capita[Germany]^elasticity wrt real GDP per capita[Germany])
simulated average annual VKT by car [INDIA] = 12500
simulated average annual VKT by car [JAPAN] = INITIAL average annual vkt by car[JAPAN]*(relative real gasoline price[JAPAN]^elasticity wrt real gasoline price[JAPAN])*(relative real GDP per capita[JAPAN]^elasticity wrt real GDP per capita[JAPAN])
simulated average annual VKT by car [US] = INITIAL average annual vkt by car[US]*(relative real gasoline price[US]^elasticity wrt real gasoline price[US])*(relative real GDP per capita[US]^elasticity wrt real GDP per capita[US])
Description: Simulated average annual VKT by car based on elasticities for France, Germany, Japan and the US .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#462
A
sum alpha (Dmnl)
sum alpha [
COUNTRY] = Share of first sales[COUNTRY]+Share of repeated sales[COUNTRY]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#463
A
sum beta (Dmnl)
sum beta [
COUNTRY] = Habit first[COUNTRY]+"High-income innovators first"[COUNTRY]+"Low-income low-cost first"[COUNTRY]+Utility maximisers first[COUNTRY]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#464
A
sum emission average new cars sold by tech ((gram/km)*(car/Year))
sum emission average new cars sold by tech [
COUNTRY] = (emission average new cars sold by tech[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Tailpipe emissions of the average new car sold, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#465
A
sum gamma (Dmnl)
sum gamma [
COUNTRY] = Habit repeat[COUNTRY]+"High-income innovators repeat"[COUNTRY]+"Low-income low-cost repeat"[COUNTRY]+Utility maximisers repeat[COUNTRY]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#466
A
sum lifecycle CO2eq (kg) (gCO2eq/Year)
sum lifecycle CO2eq (kg) [
COUNTRY] = "lifecycle CO2eq (kg)"[COUNTRY,NG]+"lifecycle CO2eq (kg)"[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#467
A
sum lifecycle CO2eq (kWh) (gCO2eq/Year)
sum lifecycle CO2eq (kWh) [
COUNTRY] = "lifecycle CO2eq (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]+"lifecycle CO2eq (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
Description: Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars powered by electricity, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#468
A
sum lifecycle CO2eq (litre) (gCO2eq/Year)
sum lifecycle CO2eq (litre) [
COUNTRY] = "lifecycle CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,G]+"lifecycle CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,D]+"lifecycle CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,FF]+"lifecycle CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,LPG]+"lifecycle CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,HEV]+"lifecycle CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
Description: Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#469
A
sum of annual e-mobility expenditures (country currency/Year)
sum of annual e-mobility expenditures [
China] = expenditure for EV[China,PHEV]+expenditure for EV[China,BEV]+budget public slow EVSE deployment[China,BEV]+budget public fast EVSE deployment[China,BEV]+budget public H2 station deployment[China,FC]
sum of annual e-mobility expenditures [FRANCE] = expenditure for EV[FRANCE,PHEV]+expenditure for EV[FRANCE,BEV]+budget public slow EVSE deployment[FRANCE,BEV]+budget public fast EVSE deployment[FRANCE,BEV]+budget public H2 station deployment[FRANCE,FC]
sum of annual e-mobility expenditures [Germany] = expenditure for EV[Germany,PHEV]+expenditure for EV[Germany,BEV]+budget public slow EVSE deployment[Germany,BEV]+budget public fast EVSE deployment[Germany,BEV]+budget public H2 station deployment[Germany,FC]
sum of annual e-mobility expenditures [INDIA] = expenditure for EV[INDIA,PHEV]+expenditure for EV[INDIA,BEV]+budget public slow EVSE deployment[INDIA,BEV]+budget public fast EVSE deployment[INDIA,BEV]+budget public H2 station deployment[INDIA,FC]
sum of annual e-mobility expenditures [JAPAN] = expenditure for EV[JAPAN,PHEV]+expenditure for EV[JAPAN,BEV]+budget public slow EVSE deployment[JAPAN,BEV]+budget public fast EVSE deployment[JAPAN,BEV]+budget public H2 station deployment[JAPAN,FC]
sum of annual e-mobility expenditures [US] = expenditure for EV[US,PHEV]+expenditure for EV[US,BEV]+budget public slow EVSE deployment[US,BEV]+budget public fast EVSE deployment[US,BEV]+budget public H2 station deployment[US,FC]
Description: Total annual expenditures from policy measures that support e-mobility .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#470
A
sum of annual revenues (country currency/Year)
sum of annual revenues [
COUNTRY] = revenue from CV fuel taxes[COUNTRY]
Description: The sum of revenues from gasoline and diesel taxes .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CV revenues rate - Annual rate representing the revenue stream for the conventional vehicle fund .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#471
A
sum of demand first (car/Year)
sum of demand first [
COUNTRY,TECH] = demand first innovators[COUNTRY,TECH]+demand first habit[COUNTRY,TECH]+"demand first low-cost"[COUNTRY,TECH]+demand first maximisers[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Total demand from 'fist-time' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • sales rate - Annual car sales or registrations rate, disaggregated by country and tech (for some of them, historical data is available for comparison) .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#472
A
sum of demand repeat (car/Year)
sum of demand repeat [
COUNTRY,TECH] = demand repeat innovators[COUNTRY,TECH]+demand repeat habit[COUNTRY,TECH]+"demand repeat low-cost"[COUNTRY,TECH]+demand repeat maximisers[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Total demand from 'repeating' car purchasers, calculated as the sum of the demand from innovators, habit-oriented and low-cost consumers as well as maximisers .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • sales rate - Annual car sales or registrations rate, disaggregated by country and tech (for some of them, historical data is available for comparison) .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#473
A
sum of exponential total utility (Dmnl)
sum of exponential total utility [
COUNTRY] = (exponential total utility[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Denominator of the multinomial logit framework .
Source: own work based on Ben-Akiva and Lerman (1985)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#474
A
sum of fuel intensities (fuel/km)
sum of fuel intensities [
COUNTRY,TECH] = fuel intensity new car stock[COUNTRY,TECH]+fuel intensity middle car stock[COUNTRY,TECH]+fuel intensity old car stock[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: The sum of the fuel intensity values for new, middle and old car stocks, disaggregated by technology, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#475
A
sum of initial electricity shares (Dmnl)
sum of initial electricity shares [
COUNTRY] = initial electricity generation share renewables[COUNTRY]+initial electricity generation share nuclear[COUNTRY]+initial electricity generation share natural gas[COUNTRY]+initial electricity generation share coal[COUNTRY]+initial electricity generation share oil[COUNTRY]
Description: This should be equal to 1 .
Source: see e.g. Sterman (2000)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#476
A
sum of market shares innovators (Dmnl)
sum of market shares innovators [
COUNTRY] = (market share from innovators[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: This should be equal to 1 .
Source: see e.g. Sterman (2000)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#477
A
sum of market shares low-cost (Dmnl)
sum of market shares low-cost [
COUNTRY] = ("market share low-cost"[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: This should be equal to 1 .
Source: see e.g. Sterman (2000)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#478
A
sum of market shares repeat habit (Dmnl)
sum of market shares repeat habit [
COUNTRY] = (market share repeat habit[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: This should be equal to 1 .
Source: see e.g. Sterman (2000)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#479
A
sum of market shares utility maximisers restricted (Dmnl)
sum of market shares utility maximisers restricted [
COUNTRY] = (market share utility maximisers restricted[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: This should be equal to 1 .
Source: see e.g. Sterman (2000)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#480
A
sum of market shares utility maximisers unrestricted (Dmnl)
sum of market shares utility maximisers unrestricted [
COUNTRY] = (market share utility maximisers unrestricted[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: This should be equal to 1 .
Source: see e.g. Sterman (2000)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#481
A
sum of oil extraction shares (Dmnl)
sum of oil extraction shares [
COUNTRY] = oil extraction share conventional[COUNTRY]+oil extraction share unconventional[COUNTRY]
Description: The sum of the two shares should equal 1 .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#482
A
sum of restricted attractiveness (Dmnl)
sum of restricted attractiveness [
COUNTRY] = (restricted attractiveness utility maximisers[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Denominator of the restricted choice framework, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#483
C,A
sum of scrappage effects (car/Year)
sum of scrappage effects [
Germany,G] = reformed scrappage status[Germany,G]+cars scrapped due to scrappage scheme[Germany,G]
sum of scrappage effects [Germany,D] = reformed scrappage status[Germany,D]
sum of scrappage effects [Germany,FF] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [Germany,LPG] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [Germany,NG] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [Germany,HEV] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [Germany,PHEV] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [Germany,BEV] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [Germany,FC] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [US,G] = reformed scrappage status[US,G]
sum of scrappage effects [US,D] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [US,FF] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [US,LPG] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [US,NG] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [US,HEV] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [US,PHEV] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [US,BEV] = 0
sum of scrappage effects [US,FC] = 0
Description: Sum of the effects of statistical discrepancies and the scrappage scheme on the German and US scrappage rate .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#484
A
sum of simulated electricity shares (Dmnl)
sum of simulated electricity shares [
COUNTRY] = electricity generation share renewables[COUNTRY]+electricity generation share nuclear[COUNTRY]+electricity generation share natural gas[COUNTRY]+electricity generation share coal[COUNTRY]+electricity generation share oil[COUNTRY]
Description: This should be equal to 1 .
Source: see e.g. Sterman (2000)
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#485
A
sum of utility innovators (Dmnl)
sum of utility innovators [
COUNTRY] = (utility innovators[COUNTRY,TECH!])
Description: Denominator of the assumed choice framework .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#486
A
sum TTW CO2 (kg) (gram/Year)
sum TTW CO2 (kg) [
COUNTRY,CO2] = "TTW CO2 (kg)"[COUNTRY,CO2,NG]+"TTW CO2 (kg)"[COUNTRY,CO2,FC]
Description: Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • total TTW CO2 - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#487
A
sum TTW CO2 (kWh) (gram/Year)
sum TTW CO2 (kWh) [
COUNTRY,CO2] = "TTW CO2 (kWh)"[COUNTRY,CO2,PHEV]+"TTW CO2 (kWh)"[COUNTRY,CO2,BEV]
Description: Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by electricity, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • total TTW CO2 - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#488
A
sum TTW CO2 (litre) (gram/Year)
sum TTW CO2 (litre) [
COUNTRY,CO2] = "TTW CO2 (litre)"[COUNTRY,CO2,G]+"TTW CO2 (litre)"[COUNTRY,CO2,D]+"TTW CO2 (litre)"[COUNTRY,CO2,FF]+"TTW CO2 (litre)"[COUNTRY,CO2,LPG]+"TTW CO2 (litre)"[COUNTRY,CO2,HEV]+"TTW CO2 (litre)"[COUNTRY,CO2,PHEV]
Description: Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • total TTW CO2 - Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#489
A
sum TTW CO2eq (kg) (gCO2eq/Year)
sum TTW CO2eq (kg) [
COUNTRY] = "TTW CO2eq (kg)"[COUNTRY,NG]+"TTW CO2eq (kg)"[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Annual tank-to-wheel GHG emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • total TTW CO2eq - Annual tank-to-wheel GHG emissions from cars, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#490
A
sum TTW CO2eq (kWh) (gCO2eq/Year)
sum TTW CO2eq (kWh) [
COUNTRY] = "TTW CO2eq (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]+"TTW CO2eq (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Annual tank-to-wheel GHG emissions from cars powered by electricity, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • total TTW CO2eq - Annual tank-to-wheel GHG emissions from cars, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#491
A
sum TTW CO2eq (litre) (gCO2eq/Year)
sum TTW CO2eq (litre) [
COUNTRY] = "TTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,G]+"TTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,D]+"TTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,FF]+"TTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,LPG]+"TTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,HEV]+"TTW CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]
Description: Annual tank-to-wheel GHG emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • total TTW CO2eq - Annual tank-to-wheel GHG emissions from cars, by country .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#492
C
TANK CAPACITY (KG) (kg/car)
TANK CAPACITY (KG) [
COUNTRY,NG] = 15
TANK CAPACITY (KG) [COUNTRY,FC] = 4.5
Description: Fuel tank capacity in natural gas and fuel cell cars. For example, the VW Golf CNG has a tank of ca. 15 kg and fuel cell cars currently have tanks of ca. 5 kg. See also Ball and Wietschel (2009) The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities and Challenges, p. 309 .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • range - [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "Reichweite 530km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "Reichweite 505km"],, [Source for LPG: ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "Reichweite 425km"], [Source for NG: US AFDC web "The driving range of NGVs is generally less than that of comparable gasoline and diesel vehicles because, with natural gas, less overall energy content can be stored in the same size tank as the more energy dense gasoline or diesel fuels"], [Source for FC: EPA range 502 km]
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#493
C
TANK CAPACITY (LITRE) (litre/car)
TANK CAPACITY (LITRE) [
COUNTRY,G] = 50
TANK CAPACITY (LITRE) [COUNTRY,D] = 50
TANK CAPACITY (LITRE) [COUNTRY,FF] = 55
TANK CAPACITY (LITRE) [COUNTRY,LPG] = 38
TANK CAPACITY (LITRE) [COUNTRY,HEV] = 45
TANK CAPACITY (LITRE) [COUNTRY,PHEV] = 30
Description: [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "Tankinhalt 55 l"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "Tankinhalt 55 l"], , [Source for LPG: ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "Tankinhalt 38 l"], [Source for HEV: Toyota web on Auris "Tankinhalt 45"]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • range - [Sources for FF: (1) ADAC web on Ford 1.8 FlexFuel "Reichweite 530km"; and (2) ADAC web on Volvo C30 1.8F BioEthanol E85 "Reichweite 505km"],, [Source for LPG: ADAC web on Golf 1.6 BiFuel Flüssiggas "Reichweite 425km"], [Source for NG: US AFDC web "The driving range of NGVs is generally less than that of comparable gasoline and diesel vehicles because, with natural gas, less overall energy content can be stored in the same size tank as the more energy dense gasoline or diesel fuels"], [Source for FC: EPA range 502 km]
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#494
D
target electricity generation share renewables (Dmnl)
target electricity generation share renewables [
China] = target electricity generation share renewables-B
target electricity generation share renewables [FRANCE] = target electricity generation share renewables-B
target electricity generation share renewables [Germany] = target electricity generation share renewables-B
target electricity generation share renewables [INDIA] = target electricity generation share renewables-B
target electricity generation share renewables [JAPAN] = target electricity generation share renewables-B
target electricity generation share renewables [US] = target electricity generation share renewables-B
Description: Share of renewable energy sources to be achieved in the electricity mix, by country .
Source: policy input to be defined by the model user in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#495
D
target world EV stock (car)
target world EV stock [
PHEV] = target world EV stock-B
target world EV stock [BEV] = target world EV stock-B
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#496
Sub
TECH
:
G, D, FF, LPG, NG, HEV, PHEV, BEV, FC
Present in 18 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#497
C
time for innovation to become popular (Year)
time for innovation to become popular [
COUNTRY,G] = 3
time for innovation to become popular [COUNTRY,D] = 3
time for innovation to become popular [COUNTRY,FF] = 6
time for innovation to become popular [COUNTRY,LPG] = 6
time for innovation to become popular [COUNTRY,NG] = 6
time for innovation to become popular [COUNTRY,HEV] = 6
time for innovation to become popular [COUNTRY,PHEV] = 9
time for innovation to become popular [COUNTRY,BEV] = 9
time for innovation to become popular [COUNTRY,FC] = 6
Description: Assumed time lag required for a technology to become popular .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#498
C
TIME REQUIRED FOR MARKETING EFFORTS (Year)
TIME REQUIRED FOR MARKETING EFFORTS [
China] = 1
TIME REQUIRED FOR MARKETING EFFORTS [FRANCE] = 1
TIME REQUIRED FOR MARKETING EFFORTS [Germany] = 1
TIME REQUIRED FOR MARKETING EFFORTS [INDIA] = 2
TIME REQUIRED FOR MARKETING EFFORTS [JAPAN] = 1
TIME REQUIRED FOR MARKETING EFFORTS [US] = 1
Description: Adjustment time needed for marketing efforts to have an impact on aggregate total car stock, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default Control #499
C
TIME STEP (Year [0,?])
= 1
Description: The time step for the simulation.
Not Present In Any View
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#500
A
tolerated gap between test and post-test emissions (Dmnl)
tolerated gap between test and post-test emissions [
COUNTRY] = 1+degree of regulatory compliance on emissions[COUNTRY]
Description: This shows the effect of the tolerated gap on post-test emission standards for new cars. 1 means there is no gap and hence no effect. 1.5 means post-test emissions will be 50% higher than test emissions
Source: Policy input set by the model user
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • emission average new car post-test - Desired rate of strengthening of new gasoline emission standards. It applies only to the the period not covered by approved legislation (e.g. in EU from 2021)
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#501
C
total average car lifetime (Year)
total average car lifetime [
COUNTRY,TECH] = 16
Description: Number of years a car is assumed to be in use .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#502
A
total battery cost BEV (country currency/car [0,?,1000])
total battery cost BEV [
COUNTRY,BEV] = battery cost BEV in dollar[BEV]*exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: Simulated cost of the BEV battery pack, in country currency .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#503
A
total battery cost PHEV (country currency/car [0,?,1000])
total battery cost PHEV [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = battery cost PHEV in dollar[PHEV]*exchange rate[COUNTRY]
Description: Simulated cost of the PHEV battery pack, in country currency .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#504
A
total battery price BEV (country currency/car)
total battery price BEV [
COUNTRY,BEV] = total battery cost BEV[COUNTRY,BEV]*(1+industry margin)
Description: Battery price as a function of manufacturing cost and margin .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CAR price excluding VAT - Purchase price of the car after adding battery and fuel cell component costs and before taxation, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#505
A
total battery price PHEV (country currency/car [0,?,1000])
total battery price PHEV [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = total battery cost PHEV[COUNTRY,PHEV]*(1+industry margin)
Description: Battery price as a function of manufacturing cost and margin .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • CAR price excluding VAT - Purchase price of the car after adding battery and fuel cell component costs and before taxation, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#506
A
total battery replacement CO2eq by tech (gCO2eq/Year)
total battery replacement CO2eq by tech [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = CO2eq battery manufacturing per car[COUNTRY,PHEV]*ageing 2[COUNTRY,PHEV]
total battery replacement CO2eq by tech [COUNTRY,BEV] = CO2eq battery manufacturing per car[COUNTRY,BEV]*ageing 2[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Annual total emissions from replacing batteries, by type of EV .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#507
A
total BEV stock in six countries (car)
total BEV stock in six countries [
BEV] = (total car stock by tech[COUNTRY!,BEV])
Description: The sum of BEV stock across the six countries .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#508
A
total car stock by tech (car)
total car stock by tech [
COUNTRY,TECH] = New Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH]+Middle Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH]+Old Car Stock[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Total car stock equals the sum of new, middle and old car stocks, disaggregated by technology, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 6 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#509
D
total conventional fuel filling stations (station)
total conventional fuel filling stations [
China] = total conventional fuel filling stations-B
total conventional fuel filling stations [FRANCE] = total conventional fuel filling stations-B
total conventional fuel filling stations [Germany] = total conventional fuel filling stations-B
total conventional fuel filling stations [INDIA] = total conventional fuel filling stations-B
total conventional fuel filling stations [JAPAN] = total conventional fuel filling stations-B
total conventional fuel filling stations [US] = total conventional fuel filling stations-B
Description: Number of gasoline stations, by country .
Source: own assumptions and data as referenced in the Excel file
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#510
A
total cost of ownership and usage (country currency/car)
total cost of ownership and usage [
COUNTRY,TECH] = purchase price[COUNTRY,TECH]+usage cost over lifetime[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Total cost of ownership (TCO) determined as the sum of purchase price and usage costs, by country and technology .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#511
A
total energy use car stock by tech (kg) (kg/Year)
total energy use car stock by tech (kg) [
COUNTRY,NG] = "energy use per car (kg)"[COUNTRY,NG]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,NG]
total energy use car stock by tech (kg) [COUNTRY,FC] = "energy use per car (kg)"[COUNTRY,FC]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Simulated annual total energy consumption from the car stock, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#512
A
total energy use car stock by tech (kWh) ((kW*h)/Year)
total energy use car stock by tech (kWh) [
COUNTRY,PHEV] = "energy use per car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,PHEV]
total energy use car stock by tech (kWh) [COUNTRY,BEV] = "energy use per car (kWh)"[COUNTRY,BEV]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: Simulated annual total electricity consumption from the car stock, by type of EV and country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 3 views: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#513
A
total energy use car stock by tech (litre) (litre/Year)
total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [
COUNTRY,G] = "energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,G]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,G]
total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,D] = "energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,D]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,D]
total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,FF] = "energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,FF]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,FF]
total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,LPG] = "energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,LPG]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,LPG]
total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,HEV] = "energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,HEV]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,HEV]
total energy use car stock by tech (litre) [COUNTRY,PHEV] = "energy use per car (litre)"[COUNTRY,PHEV]*total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,PHEV]
Description: Simulated annual total energy consumption from the car stock, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 4 views: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#514
A
total energy use gasoline (Mtoe/Year)
total energy use gasoline [
COUNTRY] = "total energy use gasoline (MJ)"[COUNTRY]/MJ per Mtoe
Description: Annual total energy use (gasoline), in Mtoe .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#515
A
total energy use gasoline (MJ) (MJ/Year)
total energy use gasoline (MJ) [
COUNTRY] = ENERGY CONTENT GASOLINE*aggregate gasoline use total car stock[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual total energy use (gasoline), in MJ .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#516
A
total EV stock (car)
total EV stock [
COUNTRY] = total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,PHEV]+total car stock by tech[COUNTRY,BEV]
Description: The sum of PHEV and BEV stock, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#517
A
total EV stock in six countries (car)
=
total BEV stock in six countries[BEV]+total PHEV stock in six countries[PHEV]
Description: The sum of EV stock across the six countries .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#518
A
total government expenditure (country currency/Year)
total government expenditure [
COUNTRY] = government expenditure as percentage GDP[COUNTRY]*nominal GDP[COUNTRY]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#519
A
total government revenue (country currency/Year)
total government revenue [
COUNTRY] = government revenue as percentage GDP[COUNTRY]*nominal GDP[COUNTRY]
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#520
A
total lifecycle CO2eq (gCO2eq/Year)
total lifecycle CO2eq [
COUNTRY] = "sum lifecycle CO2eq (litre)"[COUNTRY]+"sum lifecycle CO2eq (kg)"[COUNTRY]+"sum lifecycle CO2eq (kWh)"[COUNTRY]
Description: Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#521
A
total lifecycle CO2eq in megatonnes (MtCO2eq/Year)
total lifecycle CO2eq in megatonnes [
COUNTRY] = total lifecycle CO2eq[COUNTRY]/grams per megatonne
Description: Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars in MtCO2 equivalent, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • This is a supplementary variable.
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#522
A
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq (gCO2eq/Year)
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq [
COUNTRY,G] = total manufacturing CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,G]+total scrappage CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,G]
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq [COUNTRY,D] = total manufacturing CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,D]+total scrappage CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,D]
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq [COUNTRY,FF] = total manufacturing CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,FF]+total scrappage CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,FF]
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq [COUNTRY,LPG] = total manufacturing CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,LPG]+total scrappage CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,LPG]
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq [COUNTRY,NG] = total manufacturing CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,NG]+total scrappage CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,NG]
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq [COUNTRY,HEV] = total manufacturing CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,HEV]+total scrappage CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,HEV]
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq [COUNTRY,PHEV] = total manufacturing CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,PHEV]+total battery replacement CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,PHEV]+total scrappage CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,PHEV]
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq [COUNTRY,BEV] = total manufacturing CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,BEV]+total battery replacement CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,BEV]+total scrappage CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,BEV]
total manufacturing & scrappage CO2eq [COUNTRY,FC] = total manufacturing CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,FC]+total scrappage CO2eq by tech[COUNTRY,FC]
Description: Annual total manufacturing, battery replacement and scrappage emissions from cars .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 2 views: Used by:
  • lifecycle CO2eq (kg) - Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars powered by gaseous fuels, by country and technology .
  • lifecycle CO2eq (kWh) - Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars powered by electricity, by country and technology .
  • lifecycle CO2eq (litre) - Annual lifecycle GHG emissions from cars powered by liquid fuels, by country and technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#523
A
total manufacturing CO2eq by tech (gCO2eq/Year)
total manufacturing CO2eq by tech [
COUNTRY,TECH] = aggregate CO2eq manufacturing by tech[COUNTRY,TECH]*sales rate[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Annual total emissions from car manufacturing .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#524
C
total oil extraction (Dmnl)
= 1
Description: All oil extracted is characterised as 'conventional' or 'unconventional' .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view:
Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#525
A
total PHEV stock in six countries (car)
total PHEV stock in six countries [
PHEV] = (total car stock by tech[COUNTRY!,PHEV])
Description: The sum of PHEV stock across the six countries .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#526
A
total pkm cars (passenger*(km/Year))
total pkm cars [
COUNTRY,TECH] = average car occupancy[COUNTRY]*total vkt cars[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Standard transport metric that expresses the performance of the passenger road transport system in terms of annual (passenger-km (PKM) .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
  • desired total vkt cars - Total vehicle-km travelled by the cars in use in each country that result from applying a desired average car occupancy value, by technology .
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#527
A
total scrappage CO2eq by tech (gCO2eq/Year)
total scrappage CO2eq by tech [
COUNTRY,TECH] = aggregate CO2eq scrappage by tech[COUNTRY,TECH]*scrappage rate[COUNTRY,TECH]
Description: Annual total emissions from car scrappage .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by:
Default TE3 MODEL
(Default)
#528
A
total TTW CO2 (gram/Year)
total TTW CO2 [
COUNTRY,CO2] = "sum TTW CO2 (litre)"[COUNTRY,CO2]+"sum TTW CO2 (kg)"[COUNTRY,CO2]+"sum TTW CO2 (kWh)"[COUNTRY,CO2]
Description: Annual tank-to-wheel CO2 emissions from cars, by country .
Source: own assumptions
Present in 1 view: Used by: